Download Vocabulary: Compound Words

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Latin syntax wikipedia, lookup

Pipil grammar wikipedia, lookup

Spanish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Polish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Turkish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Symbol grounding problem wikipedia, lookup

Yiddish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Contraction (grammar) wikipedia, lookup

Compound (linguistics) wikipedia, lookup

Chinese grammar wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek grammar wikipedia, lookup

Macedonian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Esperanto grammar wikipedia, lookup

Lithuanian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Scottish Gaelic grammar wikipedia, lookup

Malay grammar wikipedia, lookup

Morphology (linguistics) wikipedia, lookup

Agglutination wikipedia, lookup

Pleonasm wikipedia, lookup

Comparison (grammar) wikipedia, lookup

Untranslatability wikipedia, lookup

Classical compound wikipedia, lookup

Word-sense disambiguation wikipedia, lookup

French grammar wikipedia, lookup

Ojibwe grammar wikipedia, lookup

Zulu grammar wikipedia, lookup

English grammar wikipedia, lookup

Preposition and postposition wikipedia, lookup

Vietnamese grammar wikipedia, lookup

Russian declension wikipedia, lookup

Romanian numbers wikipedia, lookup

Hyphen wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Vocabulary: Compound Words
Learning Object (LO) 2
Pau Fontanos
Frame
Number
Content
Multimedia
1
When two become one: Recognizing compound
words
This is the title of the LO.
Animate as you please.
2
OBJECTIVES
Show each line one after the
other.
At the end of this lesson you should be able to:
1. identify the different types of compound
words
2. form compound words and infer their meaning
3
REVIEW
In the story “The Happiest Boy in the World”
we encountered two compound words: landlord and
homestead. Do you remember what these two words
mean?
Please animate the two words
showing them separately first
then coming together. Please
provide the necessary graphic.
In the story, Ka Ponso is a landlord. What do
you think is a landlord?
The story also mentions that Julio filled out
a homestead application. What do you think is a
homestead?
As you can see, landlord is made up of two
words: land and lord. Literally, this word means lord
of the land and therefore may refer to the one who
owns it. So what is the meaning of landlord? That’s
right! A landlord is someone who owns land.
Homestead is also made up of two words:
home and stead. Home is where a person lives. Stead
can mean a farmhouse or a place in general. So what
is the meaning of homestead? Correct! A homestead
is a dwelling that is usually a farmhouse and its
adjoining land. Also, a homestead can be called a
home place. Governments have homestead laws
whereby persons can secure public lands by filling out
an application and promising to cultivate the land in
return.
4
INFORMATION AND EXAMPLE
Landlord and homestead are what you call compound
Please animate each word.
words. A compound word is a combination of two
words that can each stand alone. A compound word is
formed by putting two words together to form a new
word or phrase with a different meaning.
Compound words can be classified into four:
5
6
7
1. solid compounds (closed form)—compound words
not joined by a hyphen or not separated by a space.
(e.g., paperclip, airplane, postman, newspaper, etc.)
2. hyphenated compounds (hyphenated form)—
compound words joined by a hyphen (e.g., year-end,
high-tech, life-size, know-how, etc.)
3. spaced compounds (open form)—compound words
separated by a space (e.g., grass roots, health care,
work sheet, time frame)
4. compounds that change spelling depending on use
(variant form)—compound words that are spelled
differently with different usage
-do-
Please animate each word,
provide necessary graphic and
create indicated pop-ups.
a) solid compounds that function as a noun (Pop-up:
A noun is a word that names a person, animal,
place, thing or abstract idea. Examples: sister,
horse, city, freedom, etc.) but become an
adjective (Pop-up: An adjective is a word that
describes, identifies, and quantifies a noun or
pronoun. Examples: bare apartment, yellow book,
three bags, round-shaped object, etc.) when
hyphenated
8
grownup/grown-up
A grownup (Pop-up: In this sentence, grownup
means an adult person. It is a noun, introduced by
the article/determiner “a” and functions as the
subject of the sentence.) told me this when I was
young.
A grown-up (Pop-up: This time appearing with a
hyphen, grown-up here means like an adult. It
functions as an adjective and comes before the
noun that it describes.) boy thinks more maturely.
b) solid compounds that function as an indefinite
pronoun (Pop up: An indefinite pronoun refers to a
being, object or place that is not specific or
exact. It refers to something that is not definite.
Examples: all, each, everyone, anybody, etc.) and
Please animate each word,
provide necessary graphic and
create indicated pop-ups.
become separate words to single out a member of a
group
9
10
anyone/any one
Anyone (Pop-up: The indefinite pronoun anyone
which refers to an unspecified person here
functions as a noun and acts as the subject of the
sentence) can do that.
Any one (Pop-up: Here, any acts as an adjective
and describes the subject one. It means “in does
not matter who”.) of you is a suspect.
c) spaced compounds that function as noun phrases
(Pop up: A noun phrase is a word which can be a
noun or a pronoun or a group or words connected
to a main noun. Examples: illness, an illness, a
woman, an old rather thin woman, etc.) or
adverbial phrases (Pop up: An adverbial phrase is a
word or group of words that can modify a an
adjective, verb or an entire clause. Examples:
very nice, walk slowly, He made all the cakes in
the kitchen, etc.) that become hyphenated when
used as adjectives(Pop up: An adjective is a word
that describes, identifies, and quantifies a noun
or pronoun. Examples: bare apartment, yellow
book, three bags, round-shaped object, etc.)
long run/long-run
Hard-working people succeed in the long run (Pop
up: Long run here means a long period of time and
the expression “in the long run” means after a
long period of time.).
The famous actress starred in a long-run (Pop up:
In this sentence, long-run means happening over a
long period of time or having a long course of
performances.) hit play.
d) spaced compounds that function as verbs (Pop up:
A verb is a word or part of speech that expresses
an action [Examples: read, carry], occurrence
[Examples: explode, sparkle] and state of being
[Examples: taste, sound]) with preposition (Pop up:
A preposition is a part of speech that shows the
relationship of one word to the other words in the
sentence. Examples: to, by, up, out, etc. A verb
with a preposition is called a multiword verb. A
multiword verb is made up of a verb and another
word like an adverb or preposition. Examples:
-do-
-do-
come to, drop by, look up, hand out, etc.) that
become solid when used as nouns (Pop up: meaning
and examples) or adjectives(Pop up: meaning and
examples)
11
back up/backup
You have to back up your files just in case. (Back
up here is a verb with a preposition and forms a
single unit of meaning. Back up means to make a
copy just in case there is a problem with the
original. You cannot say back your files. It is
always back up your files/back your files up.)
My backup files got destroyed by a virus. (Backup
here functions as a description of the word files
and mean copy. As an adjective, the compound
word becomes solid.)
These files are my backup. (In this sentence,
backup acts as a noun and means the files
themselves. The compound word is solid.)
e) spaced compounds that function as noun (Pop-up:
A noun is a word that names a person, animal,
place, thing or abstract idea. Examples: sister,
horse, city, freedom, etc.)Pop up: meaning and
examples) but become hyphenated as a verb((Pop up:
A verb is a word or part of speech that expresses
an action [Examples: read, carry], occurrence
[Examples: explode, sparkle] and state of being
[Examples: taste, sound]).
spot check/spot-check
We were all surprised by the spot check. (Spot
check is an inspection that is carried out with no
initial warning. Here the compound word functions
as a noun and is spaced.)
Is the police spot-checking every car? (Spotcheck here means to carry out an inspection at
random. As a verb in this sentence, it is
hyphenated compound.)
The best way to deal with compound words and how
they are spelled is to consult a dictionary. Make sure
to get a new dictionary every five years or so to keep
abreast Might be unfamiliar with evolving Might be
unfamiliar words. It is predicted that the following
compounds, for example, will lose their hyphens soon
if not already: e-mail, log-in, and on-line.
-do-
12
Self-test
I
Match two words correctly to make a new word.
air
back
bull
cut
free
grape
vine
pen
13
field
way
-doKindly pattern this activity
after the one found here
http://www.oswego.org/ocsdweb/match/dragflip.asp?filenam
e=kderittecompound]
drop
throat
II
Mon works in the city fire station where he is very
well-liked. According to his co-workers he is easy to
get along with because he’s very laid back. Overall,
they think Mon is a nice guy. Every one who knows
Mon knows that he’s willing to risk both life and limb
to help his community. Every time there’s a fire he’s
always there to serve and protect those in need. Mon
really does have a heart of gold. He also loves to
laugh. He’s always ready to crack a joke or two. It is
very surprising to know that Mon is shy around the
ladies. With girls, he can be very bashful.
Click “yes” if the compound words describe Mon and
“no” if they don’t.
Compound
words
easygoing
big-hearted
firefighter
dull-witted
straight-laced
No
Yes
[Technical note: Kindly pattern
this section after the activity
that can be found here
http://www.tv411.org/lessons/cf
m/vocabulary.cfm?str=vocabular
y&num=8&act=1. For every
answer, the following
annotations appear:
1. easygoing—No: But Mon
is very well-liked, laid
back and easy to work
with!
Yes: Right.
Mon is laid back, well-liked,
and easy to work with so he
is easygoing.
2. big-hearted—No: The
passage says he has a
heart of gold and is
always there to serve
and protect. Try again.
Yes:
Indeed. He has a heart of
gold and is willing to risk his
life and limb help others. He
is big-hearted.
3. firefighter—No: He
works at the fire
station. Try again.
Yes: Right.
Mon works at the fire station as
a firefighter.
4. dull-witted—No: Right.
He’s always ready to
crack a joke or two. He’s
not dull-witted.
Yes: How
about his always being ready
to crack a joke or two? Try
again.
5. straight-laced—No: Mon
is shy around ladies.
Think again.
Yes: Very
good. Mon is bashful when
women are around. That means
he’s straight-laced.
14
Summary
This learning object shows you that
compound words are single words that are made
up from two words. The meaning of a compound
word is different from the meaning of the two
combining words when separated. There are four
types of compound words: closed (no hyphen, no
space), hyphenated (with a hyphen), open (no
hyphen, with space) and variant (with changeable
spelling). The best way to know how a compound
word is spelled is to look in the dictionary.