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Chapter 35 Focus Questions:
Essay question: To what extent did the experience of WWII affect each of the following in the US:
Race Relations
Government regulation of business
US foreign policy commitments
Objective Questions:
1) Which theatre, Europe or the Pacific, was chosen by President Roosevelt as the primary focus for
America’s attention after the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor and why?
2) What was America’s first great challenge once at war?
3) In sharp contrast to WWI, during WWII how did US feel about going to war?
4) What impact did World War II have on the process of assimilation for most ethnic groups in America?
5) What groups does the term “enemy aliens” refer to during WWII?
6) Why were Japanese-Americans placed in internment camps?
7) What minority group was most adversely affected by Washington’s wartime policies?
8) What were the effects of Executive Order No. 9066 on Japanese living in the US? (4)
9) What impact did WWII have on many New Deal programs?
10) Despite the demands of the wartime economy, inflation was kept well in check during the war by
federally imposed what?
11) How did the US resolve the rubber-shortage problem in WWII?
12) What work was performed by:
a. The War Production Board
b. The office of Price Administration
c. The War Labor Board
d. The Fair Employment Practices Commission
13) Which union was most prominent among those who went on strike during WWII and who was the
14) How did WWII affect the employment of women and how were child-care duties for working mothers
15) What was the main reason for the majority of women workers leaving the labor force at the end of
16) How did African-Americans contribute to the war effort? (4)
17) Who was A. Phillip Randolph, what was his idea, and what resulted?
18) Why did the northward migration of African Americans accelerate after WWII?
19) By the end of WWII, the heart of the US African American community had shifted to what areas?
20) What was one of the most valuable contributions of Native Americans to the war effort?
21) What trend was followed during WWII by reservation Indians?
22) During WWII, most Americans economically experienced what?
23) Compare the increase of the national debt during the New Deal to time during WWII?
24) How was WWII financed and what impact did the war have on the national debt?
25) The first naval battle in history in which all fighting was done by carrier-based aircraft was at the Battle
of _________________?
26) We finally started to change the tide of Japanese conquest in the Pacific following the Battle of
27) What was the basic American strategy employed to regain territory from the Japanese and what is the
“name” of that strategy?
28) When America took control of ____________ in 1944, it was especially helpful because they could
conduct round-trip bombing raids on the Japanese home islands.
29) Until spring 1943, Hitler’s greatest opportunities for defeating Britain and winning the war was to do
what to Allied shipping and how?
30) Hitler’s advance in the European theater of war crested in late 1942 at the Battle of _________, after
which his fortunes gradually declined.
31) Why did the Allies postpone opening a second front in Europe until 1944?
32) Roosevelt’s and Churchill’s insistence on the absolute and “unconditional surrender” of Germany meant
what would have to happen to them after the war?
33) Know the order of the wartime conferences.
34) What decisions were made at the Casablanca Conference by Churchill and Roosevelt and what was
Stalin’s disagreement with the two western allies?
35) What was the most positive development that came from the Sicilian/Italian campaign?
36) After Italy surrendered in August 1943, what did Germany do to stall the Allied advance?
37) The real impact of the Italian front on WWII may have been that it delayed the D-Day invasion and
allied the Soviet’s to do what?
38) What agreements were made at the Teheran Conference and were those agreements kept?
39) Who commanded the invasion of Normandy, what was its code name, when did it occur and was it
40) Why was Franklin Roosevelt the “forgotten man” at the Democratic Convention in 1944?
41) What was the most significant development in the Democratic convention of 1944?
42) Although winning by his most narrow margin, FDR was able to defeat Thomas Dewey in the 1944
election. What best explains his victory?
43) What was the Battle of the Bulge?
44) What issues were settled at the Yalta Conference in early 1945 and what happened to FDR soon after
he returned to the US?
45) What is VE Day?
46) Where is Leyte Gulf and what was the significance of the naval battle fought there?
47) What issues were discussed at the Potsdam Conference by Stalin, Atlee, and Truman and what was
the Potsdam ultimatum?
48) What was the name of the atomic bomb project and what convinced Truman to use the bomb on
civilian targets in Japan?
49) After dropping the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and still receiving no Japanese surrender
message, what modification did Truman make in the demand for unconditional surrender and did
surrender soon follow?
50) What were the major US contributions to victory in WWII? (4)