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AP World History, Chapter 6, Reading Study Guide P. 130-161
1. What are the four major themes of the postclassical centuries? Pg.130
2. Where were some of the regions that developed civilizations during the postclassical era? (map1) pg. 131
3. Describe the spread of Hinduism during the postclassical era. Pg. 132-133
4. Describe the spread of Buddhism during the postclassical era. Pg. 132-133
5. Describe the spread of Islam during the postclassical era. Pg. 132-133
6. Describe the spread of Christianity during the postclassical era. Pg. 133
7. What were some of the factors that contributed to the growth of world religions?
8. What evidence does Stearns give for his contention that the increasing level of interchange between the major
civilizations was the most important characteristic of the postclassical world?
9. What were the patterns of trade in relation to the cities of classical civilizations?
10. Which areas of the world became converted to Islam?
11. How did Islam provide key links in exchange between the major civilizations? Pg. 136
12. How did the geography of the Arabian Peninsula influence the lifestyles and political structure of the Bedouin? Pg.
13. What were the interests and influences of Muslim scholars? Pg. 141
14. How did the geography of the Arabian Peninsula influence the lifestyles and political structure of the Bedouin? Pg.
Borrowed from Mr. Walker
15. Describe the political and historic context of the genesis of Islam. Pg. 142
16. Describe Muhammad's visions during his life. Pg. 143
17. Describe Muhammad's expulsion from Mecca. Pg. 143
18. Describe Muhammad's triumphal entry in Medina. Pg. 143
19. Describe Muhammad's return to Mecca. Pg. 144
20. How did Islam unify the various clans and tribes of Arabia? Pg. 144
21. What were the major differences between Islam’s monotheism and Judaism/Chrisistianity’s monotheism?
22. What are the five pillars of Islam?
23. What were the major challenges that faced Islam after the death of Muhammad?
24. What were some of the reasons for the early Arab conquests and how do these reasons differ from traditional western
25. How did the Muslims defeat the Sasanian Empire of Persia?
26. What success did the Muslims have against the Byzantine Empire and what were some of the reasons for this success?
27. What were the two main camps that battled for control of Islam after the murder of the caliph Uthman?
28. Describe the Muslim conquests between the mid-600’s and the mid-700’s
29. Describe the efforts to separate Muslims and their subjects during the Umayyad empire.
30. What were the Mawali, and what was their life like during the Umayyad empire?
Borrowed from Mr. Walker
31. Who were the people of the book? Pg. 150
32. Describe the social structure in the Umayyad empire.
33. Describe the tolerance of other religions by the Umayyad empire.
34. What were some of the causes for rebellion against the Umayyads?
35. How did the Abbasids end (for the most part) the rule of the Umayyads?
36. How did the policy change the Abbasids initiated to actively seek converts drastically change Islam?
37. What were some of the advantages of converting to Islam under new Abbasid policies?
(Read Thinking Historically: Civilization and Gender Relationships. Pg. 152)
38. Compare the position of upper-class women in classical Indian, Chinese, Greek, and Roman societies with Islamic
society. (Article)
39. Describe the growth of the power, wealth and corruption of the Abbasid caliphate.
40. What were some of the causes and effects of the merchant activity under the Abbasid caliphate?
41. What were some of the Muslim contributions to art, architecture, science, mathematics and learning?
(Read Visualizing the Past: The Mosque as a Symbol of Islamic Civilization. Pg. 156)
42. What do the design and decoration of Muslim mosques tell us about the Islamic view of a supreme being? (Article)
43. Describe the Christian and Jewish influence found in the mosque design. (Article)
Read Document: The Thousand and One Nights as a Mirror of Elite Society in the Abbasid Era. Pg 158)
44. What objects are key symbols of wealth in Abbasid society? (Article)
Borrowed from Mr. Walker