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Name:_________________________________________________________________________________ Date:______________________ Pd.:________
Differences and Similarities between the Christianity of Byzantine Empire and of Western European
Because the Byzantine Empire and the Western Europeans could not agree on certain practices, a permanent split, or schism, took place in 1064 and created
the Roman Catholic Church (which dominated western Europe) and the Eastern Orthodox Church (which dominated eastern Europe). Fill in the chart below to
show the differences that led to the Great Schism and the similarities that still existed.
Byzantine Empire – ORTHODOX CHURCH
Where is the seat of
power?
Which language is
used in the church
service?
Who has supreme
power?
Who is the church
leader?
What are the beliefs
concerning marriage of
clergy?(CELIBACY)
What are the religious
days?
Western Europe – ROMAN
CATHOLIC CHURCH
Constantinople
Rome
Greek
Latin
Emperor
Emperor
Patriarch
Pope
NO Celibacy – could
get married
YES Celibacy-can
not get married
___________________ _______________
Source: VDOE World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Enhanced Scope and Sequence, p. 124
January 23
What are the beliefs
concerning the role of
the Pope?
What are the beliefs
concerning icons?
What are the
similarities?
No pope; he had no
power
Yes pope; he has
power
Yes they used icons
Yes they used
icons
Both had an emperor, they both were
Christian and they both used icons
SAME
Source: VDOE World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Enhanced Scope and Sequence, p. 124
January 23