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Transcript
Tema/Topic:________
Cognates
Nombre/Clase/Fecha:__________________________
Words that are similar in English and in Spanish.
Los Cognados
Popular
sociable
Los acentos ortográficos
Written accent mark
chocolate…etc
If the pronunciation rules are broken the accent mark is used to show
Where we put the spoken stress.
Café
lápiz
menú
What about words that are not
Cognates!
Words that are not similar you just have to study and memorize!
Avión
Gender
cine
jardín
In Spanish some items will be masculine some will be feminine.
Usually if it ends in an “o” it’s masculine
Usually if it ends in an “A” it’s feminine
X
Examples
*****there are some exceptions ******pay attention to those
Estudiante artista nación país
What other clues signal
Gender?
Definite
The definite and indefinite articles
Indefinite
Un/ Una= a/an Hay un chico inteligente en la clase.
Unos/ Unas= some
*Hay = there is/are; is there/are there ***irregular
Verbs
There are many verbs in Spanish!
Sumario/Summary:
El / La =the
Los / Las
El chico es inteligente.
Tema/Topic:________
Nombre/Clase/Fecha:__________________________
There are two big
Categories!
X
Regular versus Irregular verbs
Under these categories
Are three types!
3 types of verbs in Spanish
Ar/Er/Ir
Ser= to be; Actuar=to act ; Escribir=to write
Verbs must change forms
Verbs indicate the action
They also tell us who is doing the action.
They also tell us when the actions is taking place.
Neutral form of verb
Infinitive
Changed form of verb
Conjugation
Parts of the verb
The stem
The ending
Examples
Hablar = to speak> habl-ar
Comer= to eat> com-er
Vivir = to live > viv-ir
X
Let’s start with
We will start using one form!
We will use es with
Different situations!
Now let’s start using another
Form.
Sumario/Summary:
Ser =to be
*irregular verb
Es= he is, she is, you are, or it is
Él es inteligente.él/he ella/she Stormi es inteligente.
Mario es inteligente.. Mario/ él
Time; origen; descriptions; occupation
Soy = I am
Tema/Topic:________
Ser =to be
X
How do I make a sentence
Negative?
Nombre/Clase/Fecha:__________________________
Soy
Es
Soy inteligente. No soy inteligente. No soy atlética.
Él es inteligente. El no es inteligente.
*put a “No” in front of the conjugated verb
Ser with descriptions
You will be forming sentences with adjectives.
Many adjectives are cognates.
Terrible, honesto, popular
Adjectives
Describe a noun
Must agree in gender and number
Next form of SER=to be
What does it mean
When it says…
It must agree in gender and
Number?
How do we make
Words plural?
Sumario/Summary:
El chico es honesto. La chica es honesta.
Los chicos son honestos. Las chicas son honestas.
Son=they are, you all are
Gender= masculine vs. feminine
Number= singular vs. plural
1. If it ends in a vowel> add “s”
2. If it ends in a consonant> add “es”
3. If it ends in a z> change it to “c”> then add es
CHICO>CHICOS
PAPEL> PAPELES
PROFESOR> PROFESORES
DE
DE= OF
HAY= THERE IS/ THERE ARE *******************Irregular
We will only work with this form! Hay
Hay un chico.
Hay una chica.
Hay una computadora en la clase.
Tener= to have ****Irregular
Tengo=I have
Tiene= it has, he has, she has, you have
Mario tiene una mama. Stormi tiene un perro. Ella tiene un gato. Billie tiene una familia.
Hay un perro en la clase. Hay un perro en la casa de Stormi.