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US History A
Civil War and Reconstruction Study Guide
Due on Friday September 25th. Test is MONDAY SEPTEMBER 28TH
1. What were the major economic differences between the North and the South prior to the Civil War?
2. Identify the following compromises and/or legislative acts:
 Missouri Compromise
 Compromise of 1850
 Fugitive Slave Act
 Kansas-Nebraska Act
3. Summarize the Dred Scott Supreme Court case and explain the decision made by the Supreme Court.
4. Who won the Election of 1860? Why was it a significant election in U.S. History?
5. Define secession. Why did many of the southern states leave the Union?
6. As a result of seceding from the Union, the southern states had to form a new government. What was the name
of the government which was formed and who was its leader?
7. What was Lincoln’s main objective during the Civil War?
8. Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired?
9. List and explain the advantages of both the Union and the Confederates.
10. How did new technology influence the war? Identify at least 5 new technologies used during the War.
11. Describe the Anaconda Plan. What impact did it have on the South?
12. President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. What did this Proclamation do for slaves? How did it
change the course of the war?
13. Describe the conditions on the home front during the War.
14. Explain how women served in the war effort.
15. Describe President Lincoln’s plans for Reconstruction. (Be sure to include amnesty and the 10% Plan)
16. Explain why Congress did not agree with Lincoln’s two plans for Reconstruction.
17. How did Lincoln and Johnson’s plans for Reconstruction differ?
18. How did the Black Codes keep former slaves in a dependent situation? Provide examples.
19. Who were the Ku Klux Klan? What role did they play in Reconstruction efforts? (Think: who are they targeting?)
20. Who were Radical Republicans? What were their goals for Reconstruction?
21. How did Presidential and Congressional Reconstruction differ?
22. What was the Civil Rights Act of 1866? Why was it not fully successful?
23. Describe the following amendments: 13th, 14th, and 15th.
24. Congress passed three Reconstruction Acts in 1866. What were three of the provisions of these acts?
25. Explain why President Johnson was impeached by the House of Representatives and fell one vote short of
impeachment by the Senate.
26. Identify the following: scalawag, carpetbagger, and copperhead.
27. Describe how the lives of African Americans changed as a result of the Reconstruction era.
28. List and describe the two economic systems which came into play in the South during Reconstruction.
29. At the end of the Reconstruction Era, many people both black and white were upset at the economic and
political conditions in the South. Explain why this is true.
30. Describe how Rutherford B. Hayes becoming President of the United States ended Reconstruction.
Your Unit 2 test will consist of 25 multiple choice questions, 5 ‘fill in the blank’, a visual constructed response, and an
analytical constructed response. The test will be worth 120 points!