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Parts Of Speech Noun - person, place, or thing (idea = abstract noun – love, hate, anger, peace) -Common = student, city, fish, and many more…. -Proper = Russell, Enumclaw, Chinook, and many more…. Pronoun - takes the place of a noun -he, she, it, they, we, I, us, you, me, and more….and types. Verb -Action – what the noun or pronoun does = running, walking, sitting, talking, and more… -Being – is, are, was, were, am, be, been -Auxillary (Helping) Verbs – would, could, should, can, may, might, will, and more Adjective – describes a noun -“red” car, “slow” horse, “young” student, “old” teacher Preposition – shows the relationship between nouns or pronouns -of, with, by, at, under, over, around, beneath Prepositional Phrase = preposition with its noun or pronoun -of cake, with him, by the store, under the desk, over the hill, around me Adverbs – describes a verb, adjective, or an adverb -usually ends in “ly” = quickly, slowly, really, fast, very Conjunction – connects things = and, or, but, because, and many more… (Subordinating, Coordinating,Corelative) Article – a, an, the Verbals Infinitive = action verb with the preposition “to” -to run, to walk, to fly, to talk Infinitive Phrase: To be polite, I chuckled at all of her jokes. Participle = action verb functioning as an adjective -running deer, falling rock, swimming fish Participial Phrase: Chugging down main street, our truck began to fall apart. Gerund = verb functioning as noun -I like fishing. Hunting is fun. Studying gets better grades. Gerund Phrase: Doing homework after school will get you better grades.