Malleability of Attitudes or Malleability of the IAT?
... Malleability of the IAT 6
provided by traditional versions of the IAT can be influenced by extrapersonal associations (Han,
Olson, & Fazio, 2006; Olson & Fazio, 2004) – attitude-irrelevant knowledge that does not form
the basis of the individual’s attitude toward to the object. Such extrapersonal k ...
Full Text - University of British Columbia
... participants would experience absurdist humour as a meaning threat if they did not understand it
to be an intended incongruity, that is, a joke. To test this hypothesis, we presented participants
with an absurdist parody and either revealed to participants that what they were about to read
was an at ...
The Embodied Cognition of Resilience
... behavioral information. With new evidence that contradicted the initial information,
people adjusted their explicit impressions to fit. Their implicit attitudes, in contrast, were
impervious to changing behavioral information (2006). It was further demonstrated that
people’s implicit attitudes remai ...
March 14 - Academics
... Public—what we say to others about a group
Private—what we consciously believe but
don’t say to others
Implicit—set of learned mental associations
that can guide our judgments and actions
Conformity and Dissent - Chicago Unbound
... within legislatures, bureaucracies, and courts are best explained by reference to
social influences. When a legislature suddenly shows concern with some
formerly neglected problem—for example, hazardous waste dumps or corporate
misconduct—the concern is often a product of conformity effects, not of ...
Interactive Effects of Characteristics of Defendant and Mock Juror on
... One of the most widely studied extralegal variables is the defendant’s physical attractiveness. A fairly consistent literature suggests that physically unattractive defendants are generally at a disadvantage, with respect to both the likelihood of being found guilty and the severity of the recommend ...
... Topic/A-head: Groups within Society
Stanley Milgram and Today`s Understanding Of His Experiment
... seen as them simply being consistent with the participant’s earlier decision. It has been summed
up, with this theory, that the teacher was guilty of focusing on the previous step, instead of the
next step and ignoring all of the steps that led up to the final outrageous act (Burger 2014).
The next ...
Social Psych - Plain Local Schools
... Reciprocal liking- the more someone likes you, the more you will
Self- disclosure - when we share personal information with
someone, it is likely they will reciprocate. Many close friendships
are built on the foundation of self disclosure.
Meeting someone on an online dating website… ...
Political Conformity: Evidence and Mechanisms
... mechanisms underlying social conformity. The inability to adequately explain why social conformity
occurred cast doubt on its viability as an empirical concept. Further, those who did posit a mechanism
pointed to some type of “social pressure” at work. Political scientists at the time were becoming ...
... the black-sheep effect—
they will be evaluated more
negatively than an
individual who is not a
group member who
performs the same type of
Body Language is Important in Large Groups
... Third, different geometric arrangements of group members can be important as well.
Sitting in chairs around a circle allows all participants to see all of each other and thus maximizes
the potential for non-verbal communication. Placing a group around a table eliminates
communication from the member ...
... issues and dissimilar on 2 issues, or similar
on 2 issues and dissimilar on 10 issues.
Subjects evaluated the person on the
Interpersonal Judgment Scales.
... being made were ambiguous (i.e. the light wasn’t actually
moving so any estimate within reason would sound good)
The question raised: Would participants be so easily swayed if
the judgments were more specifically measureable and certain?
... 23. Describe the process of assertiveness training, including the term “self-assertion.”
24. Describe how a person can learn to be more assertive using rehearsal, role-playing,
overlearning, and the broken record technique.
25. Define “attitude.”
26. Describe the belief, emotional, and action compon ...
Click here for document about independent behaviour
... Desire to retain a sense of individuality. Sometimes we may want to be different to other people
around us, to be individuals rather than members of a group. This is particularly true in Western cultures
where it seems that people may feel uncomfortable if they are the same as others around them all ...
Spiral of Silence
... sixth sense that monitors what others around
us are thinking or feeling.
Journalism 614: Communication and Public Opinion
... that she had no intention of
harming Jews by her writings.
She argued that she had never
become a Nazi party member.
Also she said that she had
been dismissed from Das
Reich in 1942 by Goebbels
himself, because she had used
a picture of Franklin Delano
Roosevelt that was
Test Taking: A Research Proposal to Examine the Pressures to
... attitudes towards homosexual individuals. Twothirds of the participants were then told that they
would discuss their attitudes with either people
with positive attitudes (for one-third) or with
negative attitudes (for one-third) about the same
topic. Therefore, participants were either in a
An Event-Based Account of Conformity
... believe in the answers they gave, which led Asch to the
conclusion that this conformity effect reflected a belief in
the superior knowledge of the group. Since then, Asch’s
study has been replicated in various forms and versions
(Cialdini & Goldstein, 2004), and the results have overwhelmingly suppo ...
... 3 to 5 people will elicit more conformity than just 1 or 2
Groups greater in size than 5 yields diminishing returns
Observing another’s dissent can increase our own
Conformity and obedience
... ◦ Majority influence: a form of social influence where people
adopt the behaviours, attitudes and values of other members of
a reference group
◦ Minority influence: a form of social influence where a persuasive
minority exerts pressure to change the attitudes, beliefs or
behaviours of the majority.
Griggs Chapter 9: Social Psychology
... When a task is ambiguous or difficult and we
want to be correct, we look to others for
For instance, when visiting a foreign culture, it
is usually a good idea to watch how the people
living in that culture behave in various
situations because they provide information to
outsiders on how ...
Solomon Eliot Asch (September 14, 1907 – February 20, 1996) was a Polish gestalt psychologist and pioneer in social psychology in the United States. He created seminal pieces of work in impression formation, prestige suggestion, conformity, and many other topics in social psychology. His work follows a common theme of Gestalt psychology that the whole is not only greater than the sum of its parts, but the nature of the whole fundamentally alters the parts. Asch stated: ""Most social acts have to be understood in their setting, and lose meaning if isolated. No error in thinking about social facts is more serious than the failure to see their place and function"" (Asch, 1952, p. 61). He is most well known for his conformity experiments, in which he demonstrated the influence of group pressure on opinions. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Asch as the 41st most cited psychologist of the 20th century.