The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Truth about Morality
... because the community to which you belong dislikes, disapproves of, or prohibits
it? Presumably not. If, somehow, the whole community were to decide that
torturing cats is okay, this activity would, by the lights of most people, still be
wrong. In answering these questions in the negative, one expre ...
Abstracts - FGW-VU
... Moral progress is to be measured by the obliteration or reduction of an injustice,
without the same injustice being replicated elsewhere. The conferment of human status
to slaves in Western societies, the permission to pursue education and own properties
to people previously considered unqualified, ...
Susan Wolf on moral perfection and the good life: a critical analysis
... there is also another possibility. Instead of looking for a single comprehensive system, one
can include different viewpoints. Somehow, when ideals and the good life are in question,
moral theorists tend to stick to only one system and a single point of view. But in life, there
are several aspects t ...
Moral Beauty as An Overriding Imperative in
... steps that I take to achieve this goal are first refuting Internalism, second Externalism
and third Subjectivism and finally Particularism. These are the four major Western
philosophical traditions whose subject matter is at the center of the debate about the
nature of moral principles and motivati ...
Beyond Testing: Cognitive Moral Reasoning and Ergogenic Aids in
... The purpose of this quantitative, descriptive study is to develop a valid and
reliable instrument based in normative ethical theory to measure moral reasoning in the
context of doping in sport. Factor analysis procedure was used to provide evidence of
statistical validity. We examined the factor str ...
Morally Permissible Moral Mistakes
... First, some terminological clarification. Throughout the paper, I use “moral reason” to
refer to other-regarding moral reasons. It is a hard question whether one is ever morally
required to treat oneself well; I will not address this question. If we counted self-regarding
reasons among moral reason ...
Enhancing Moral Conformity and Enhancing Moral Worth
... means available. There may be some means to increased moral conformity that we have conclusive
moral reasons to avoid, and even among means that
are not absolutely ruled out in this way, some means
might be better supported by moral reasons than
others. There is, in my view, much interesting work
Why Emotivists Love Inconsistency
... of intuitions about consequence and inconsistency, and to explain the nature
and existence of various conditional and negative opinions expressed by
sentences such as (A’) and (C’).
3. Explaining moral reasoning
As noted above, whether an opinion is moral or non-moral makes little
difference from th ...
in defence of moral error theory
... A's -ing would promote satisfaction or realization of some of A's desires or aims, or
would promote fulfilment of some role A occupies. Suppose for instance that torturing
animals for fun is morally wrong and that donating 20% of one's income to charity is
morally required. It seems commonsensical ...
Shifting Liberal and Conservative Attitudes Using Moral Foundations
... suffering, and to empathize and care for others. The fairness
foundation encompasses notions of justice, inequality, reciprocity, and general unbiased treatment. The ingroup moral
foundation prioritizes loyalty and a group-based orientation,
such as thinking in terms of “we.” The authority foundatio ...
FIRst-PeRson MoRALIty AnD tHe RoLe oF ConsCIenCe
... alternatively, they can be reconstructed as the outcome of a double level of
processing by different areas of our brain, that is, the automatic reactions
by system 1, as corrected and integrated by the reflective, computational
processes of system 2 (Greene 2008 and 2009).
While it would be wrong to ...
Reasons and Moral Principles
... to determine overall moral status. How this happens has important implications
for moral theory but remains inadequately understood.8 In any case the idea
that what one ought to do in a given situation is some function of potentially
multiple relevant considerations is familiar: an action might be r ...
Skeptical Hypotheses and Moral Skepticism
... are no moral facts. The analog of moral nihilism in the debate about perceptual
skepticism is something like idealism, which let’s just stipulate is the view that
there are no mind-independent objects. Of course, idealists might not put it this
way. They would likely maintain that we do have hands b ...
The Argument from Moral Experience
... Blackburn says that “the most forceful attack” faced by the moral projectivist “is that he
cannot accommodate the rich phenomena of moral life,” but goes on to argue that his
“quasi-realism” can indeed accommodate these phenomena.14 And “assertoric nondescriptivist” Mark Timmons says:
[O]ne may be ...
... (Nagy 1996, abstract), and one can find strands in Polanyi’s work that prefigure certain much acclaimed
arguments advanced by Alasdair MacIntyre. Yet it seems hard to fault moral philosophers and theologians for
being less attentive to Polanyi’s contribution than epistemologists, social and politic ...
If killing isn`t wrong, then nothing is: A naturalistic defence of basic
... To my ears, and I’m sure also to the ears of non-philosophers too, there is something
deeply peculiar about these purported explanations. They evince in me the same kind of
reaction as that reported by Wittgenstein in response to the empirical certainties exhibited by
Moore: “even though I find it q ...
1 Are Empathy and Morality Linked? Insights from Moral Psychology
... theoretical views considering morality to be either purely emotional or purely rational. After
illustrating the shortcomings of both views, we will argue that the most plausible view is the
one allowing morality to have elements from both emotion and reason. We then focus on
empathy, using empirical ...
... argument. Chomsky’s argument (see Chomsky 1957, 1959) did not concern morals, but was
directed against empiricist accounts of language acquisition such as B.F. Skinner’s. Moral nativists
such as Susan Dwyer, Marc Hauser and John Mikhail have later adopted Chomsky’s argument and
directed it against e ...
On Three Defenses of Sentimentalism
... or moral sentiments alone cannot identify appropriate morals. Yet it is possible to interpret Hutcheson, Hume, Smith, and James Wilson as claiming
that there is a universal moral sense or universal moral sentiments.
Hutcheson holds that the moral sense is originally implanted in us,
and it is univer ...
Moral Dilemmas andRealism
... causal roles with respect to other propositional attitudes and nonmental causes and effects. But in my view beliefs and desires are distinguished not by such causal roles but by their different rationalizing
roles with respect to other propositional attitudes. 4 Anyhow, let us
assume that there is s ...
Reasons, rational requirements, and the putative pseudo
... with the philosophical arguments for it?9 Of course not. For whether it is ultimately
true or not, it is neither obvious nor incontestably established that regularly doing the
outward deeds required by morality comports with the weight of nonmoral reasons.
After all, regularly doing those deeds enta ...
Intuitive Methods of Moral Decision Making, A
... source of moral objectivity and reasons for what we ought to do. I will address this
concern later in the paper.
The error with the first point is the confusion between a pedagogical approach
to applied ethics and actual moral decision making.13 In order to be applied, general
moral principles need ...
Reasons, Rational Requirements, and the Putative Pseudo
... caught.) This fact is the sticking point for every attempt to show that for each
person the weight of nonmoral reasons favors, or at least does not disfavor,
regularly behaving morally. Moreover, even if this problem is solvable in
principle, no one has yet solved it beyond dispute. Thus, even if th ...
Dilemmas and Moral Realism
... respect to other propositional attitudes and non-mental causes and effects. But in my view, beliefs
and desires are not distinguished by such causal roles but by their different rationalizing roles with
respect to other propositional attitudes.4 Anyhow, let us assume that there is some significant
Moral psychology is a field of study in both philosophy and psychology. Some use the term ""moral psychology"" relatively narrowly to refer to the study of moral development. However, others tend to use the term more broadly to include any topics at the intersection of ethics, psychology, and philosophy of mind. Some of the main topics of the field are moral judgment, moral reasoning, moral sensitivity, moral responsibility, moral motivation, moral identity, moral action, moral development, moral diversity, moral character (especially as related to virtue ethics), altruism, psychological egoism, moral luck, and moral disagreement.Moral psychology is a novel branch within the field of psychology. The study of moral identity development is one aspect of psychology that shows the most potential for growth due to the numerous sections within the field regarding its structure, mechanisms, and dynamics. A moral act is a type of behavior that refers to an act that has either a moral or immoral consequence. Moral Psychology can be applied across a broad range of studies, including philosophy and psychology. However it is implemented in different ways depending on culture. In many cultures, a moral act refers to an act that entails free will, purity, liberty, honesty, and meaning. An immoral act refers to an act that entails corruption and fraudulence and usually leads to negative consequences. Some of the main topics of the field are: moral judgment, moral reasoning, moral responsibility, moral development, moral character, altruism, psychological egoism, moral luck, moral disagreement, moral psychology, moral action, moral forecasting, moral emotion, and affective forecasting.Some psychologists that have worked in the field are: Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, Elliot Turiel, Jonathan Haidt, Linda Skitka, Leland Saunders, Marc Hauser, C. Daniel Batson, Jean Decety, Joshua Greene, A. Peter McGraw, Philip Tetlock, Darcia Narvaez, Tobias Krettenauer, Liane Young and Fiery Cushman. Some philosophers that have worked in the field are Stephen Stich, John Doris, Joshua Knobe, John Mikhail, Shaun Nichols, Thomas Nagel, Robert C. Roberts, Jesse Prinz, Michael Smith, and R. Jay Wallace.