Spatial cognition, body representation and affective processes
... be refined in order to better assess what participants are doing
when they recall from memory previously experienced vestibular
sensations. As pointed out by zu Eulenburg et al. (2013a), they
used a non-visual first-person strategy that differed from similar
mental body transformation tasks, which r ...
Synaptic Connections By CHRISTOPHER GARY CANNING
... Actor Network Theory, neuroscience, and epigenetics, and addresses implications for
establishing theoretical links between these domains of scholarship. How, for example,
can neuroscience and epigenetics contribute to contemporary accounts of the
embodiment of mental illness in the social science ...
Increased prefrontal activity and reduced motor cortex
... related tasks (Ranganathan et al., 2004), but it is still a controversial issue with large individual differences. Although, one
must also remember that there are differences between motor
imagery and execution, and it has been shown that there may
be partially different activation patterns within t ...
Good Exemplars of Natural Scene Categories Elicit Clearer Patterns
... degree to which an image denotes a particular scene category. For
example, within the range of images that we might categorize as a
‘‘beach,’’ some are more representative of that category than
others. Will the degree to which an image exemplifies the category
‘‘beach’’ influence decoding in visual ...
... concepts requires employing particular deductive rules is contentious. Putting this worry
aside, it is plausible that not every concept has justification-preserving constitutive rules.
It is difficult to provide a principled distinction between concepts that have justificationpreserving constitutive ...
Electroencephalogram based Brain
... Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is a revolutionary new area using EEG that is
most useful for the severely disabled individuals for hands-off device control and
communication as they create a direct interface from the brain to the external environment, therefore circumventing the use of peripheral mu ...
BZA BCI Projects
... Some patients cannot use any
interface requiring movement.
Emotion, Cognition, and Mental State Representation in Amygdala
... range of variables in an entangled fashion, reﬂecting the complexity of the behavior and cognition that are its putative outputs.
The concept of a mental state unites cognition and emotion as part of a common framework. How does this framework contribute to
the debate about the relationship between ...
Contrasting early visual cortical activation states causally involved in
... threshold as an indicator of visual cortical excitability, that visual
imagery increases the excitability of early visual cortical neurons
involved in visual imagery. Speciﬁcally, they showed that visual
imagery decreased the intensity of TMS required for phosphene
induction when the imagined stimul ...
... simulation-based, low-level mind-reading.23 This is because pretending and decision-making
are high-level activities which play a role in high-level, but not low-level, mind-reading.24 This
is an odd concession, one it is not clear that he can make. In order to argue that mirror
neurons support simu ...
Visual rationalities: Towards a sociology of images
... society in general, who were not considering in their works the role of images and visual
information in the (re-)production of society. In recent years, it became more evident to
general sociology that images have to be seen as important forms of ‘the social’. Images
represent social realities and, ...
Discoveries from the Black Box - Boulder Institute for Psychotherapy
... brain that I must take out maybe three or four times a week with different patients, but I have a
chalkboard I constantly use to draw brain diagrams to help people see their problems in a
different light. Patients keep telling me things like, 'You know last week when you drew that
picture of the bra ...
Functional architecture in monkey inferotemporal cortex revealed by
... darkening. The cortical regions above the superior temporal sulcus, which are known to be occupied by the
auditory association areas, were included as well as TE,
which is below the sulcus, in the images in two hemispheres. Fifty three successful images were obtained, 43
for 26 moderately complex fe ...
The power of the mind: the cortex as a critical determinant of muscle
... TMS. EMG was recorded from the nondominant FCR muscle using
bipolar surface electrodes located longitudinally over the muscle on
shaved and abraded skin with a reference electrode just distal to the
medial epicondyle (Ag/AgCl electrodes with a 25-mm interelectrode
distance). The EMG signals were amp ...
Mirror neurons and the 8 parallel consciousnesses
... perceive both sides of external space, while the left
hemisphere seems to perceive just that on the right.
Hence, if the left side is injured, there would not be
strong evidence of loss of consciousness, as the right
brain can perceive all space. Instead, a lesion in the
right brain does not allow p ...
Paper titles and abstracts Dan Arnold: "Perception and the
... from sense perception? This is because they stipulate the notion of mental consciousness
simultaneous with the five sensory consciousnesses (mānasa-pratyakṣa in Dignāga and wuju
yishi 五俱意識 in Kuiji) so that vitarka is ascribed to the mental perception rather than to sense
perception. This is why the ...
Motor Cognition and Mental Simulation
... You may never have thought much about how you plan and control your movements, but even a moment’s reflection should make you aware that your actions typically are not reflexes, triggered by an external stimulus (such as occurs when you
yank your hand back from a hot stove), but rather are the visib ...
The First-Person Perspective: A Test for Naturalism
... explanation of mental phenomena. For
example, if one explains the processing
of visual phenomena as the effects of
light on the eyes with a resulting internal
visual image, then the question just
becomes how that image is understood.
It seems as if a little man must be inside
of us to experience the ...
subjective beings with mental states
... Science usually works from a 3rd person perspective: this means that researchers
adopt an objective point of view, seeing all evidence as a physical object.
Recently, scientists studying human consciousness have argued for using a 1st
person perspective as another means of gathering evidence: collec ...
A Moderate Approach to Embodied Cognitive Science
... because the later a function comes on board, the more likely it is that there will already be
useful neural circuits that can be incorporated in the service of the new function (2010:
246). In several publications Anderson reports an assortment of evidence that supports
these and related predictions ...
- EMDR West Midlands
... A dry run of the therapy is conducted, using a minor issue with little subjective distress.
The Subjective Units of Disturbance (SUD; Shapiro, 1995) scale is introduced at this point
to measure the subjective disturbance, where 0 is no disturbance or neutral and 10 is the
highest disturbance that th ...
A mental image or mental picture is the representation in a person's mind of the physical world outside of that person. It is an experience that, on most occasions, significantly resembles the experience of perceiving some object, event, or scene, but occurs when the relevant object, event, or scene is not actually present to the senses. There are sometimes episodes, particularly on falling asleep (hypnagogic imagery) and waking up (hypnopompic), when the mental imagery, being of a rapid, phantasmagoric and involuntary character, defies perception, presenting a kaleidoscopic field, in which no distinct object can be discerned.The nature of these experiences, what makes them possible, and their function (if any) have long been subjects of research and controversy in philosophy, psychology, cognitive science, and, more recently, neuroscience. As contemporary researchers use the expression, mental images or imagery can comprise information from any source of sensory input; one may experience auditory images, olfactory images, and so forth. However, the majority of philosophical and scientific investigations of the topic focus upon visual mental imagery. It has sometimes been assumed that, like humans, some types of animals are capable of experiencing mental images. Due to the fundamentally introspective nature of the phenomenon, there is little to no evidence either for or against this view.Philosophers such as George Berkeley and David Hume, and early experimental psychologists such as Wilhelm Wundt and William James, understood ideas in general to be mental images. Today it is very widely believed that much imagery functions as mental representations (or mental models,) playing an important role in memory and thinking. William Brant (2013, p. 12) traces the scientific use of the phrase ""mental images"" back to the John Tyndall's 1870 speech called the ""Scientific Use of the Imagination."" Some have gone so far as to suggest that images are best understood to be, by definition, a form of inner, mental or neural representation; in the case of hypnagogic and hypnapompic imagery, it is not representational at all. Others reject the view that the image experience may be identical with (or directly caused by) any such representation in the mind or the brain, but do not take account of the non-representational forms of imagery.In 2010, IBM applied for a patent on a method to extract mental images of human faces from the human brain. It uses a feedback loop based on brain measurements of the fusiform face area in the brain that activates proportionate with degree of facial recognition. It was issued in 2015.