CHAPTER 21 - THE CONSERVATIVE ORDER AND THE
... The defeat of Napoleon and the diplomatic settlement of the Congress of Vienna restored the conservative
political and social order in Europe. This chapter deals with the confrontation of this conservative order with potential
sources of unrest found in the forces of liberalism, nationalism and popu ...
Lib vs. Cons.
... deserved the same rights and privileges of others.
– Support for the “common man”, protect him from
the power of government - a reaction to the
oppressive governments of the past.
What does a Liberal Society demand of Its Citizens
... prioritises, above other political values, the freedom of the individual as a political
ideal. The way in which liberalism secures this priority is twofold: first, an individual
is assigned certain basic rights and liberties. Second, to make these rights and liberties
practical and politically effec ...
CHAPTER 23 – POLITICAL CONSOLIDATION
... citizens, had been created in north central Europe. Militarily and economically the German
Empire would be stronger than Prussia had been alone. The unification of Germany would
also be a blow to European liberalism, since the new state was a conservative creation. The
two states most immediately af ...
Liberalism - European University Institute
... or restrict in the former. However, this distinction has never come out cleanly. To the extent
liberals do distinguish between the two it is as a corollary of their views of the state’s role in
regulating society. The marriage contract, for example, offers a quintessential liberal device of a
Ideology – What is Government for anyway?
... overturn the French social and governing order – it had
been an absolute monarchy - and replace it with a
system that allowed for broader participation in the
affairs of government. That’s the simple story anyway.
It was similar to what occurred in Britain in the late
1680s, but more extreme since t ...
Doyle and Recchia, Liberalism in International
... states fight only for popular, ostensibly liberal purposes since elites need to be constantly concerned
a bout domestic support for the war effort.
Second, Kant foresaw that liberal republics
would progressively establish peace among themselves by means of the pacific union described in
his Second D ...
Mill Fall 2005
... 1869 Publishes (with Harriet Taylor) Subjection of Women
Review Session #3
... • how do changes in art reflect changes in
society, politics, and economics?
• what are the major tenets of classical
liberalism, conservatism, and socialism
and where do we see examples in 19th
• what effect did the Industrial Revolution
have on art and philosophy?
Liberalism and nationalism
... claim that liberalism was abstract and incomplete without the addition of the
reality of national identity and national groups.
The enlighTenmenT period – a conTinuous source of “lighT” or The
... take into consideration not only the cross-country differences, but also the
narratives put forward by the liberalism’s adversaries, as this formation
would develop its ideas, as well as its political and economic stance, in
a clear contradistinction to those professing a different view of man and t ...
Durham Research Online
... thinker of all times, had certain reservations about the economic and cultural claims of the
working class. L.T. Hobhouse, on the other hand, embraced ideas of equality and
redistribution to an extent that raised the question why the “socialist” label has not been more
firmly attached to him. Yet as ...
Democracy unto the Earth, Liberty unto Mankind?
... tenets of liberal governance”,13 basic tenets which include civil, social and economic
liberties. The use of elections can, it would appear, further undermine political and civil
liberties in their own right through inequality; while elections allow for popular
expression, they also manifest an aris ...
Liberalism and the Moral Significance of
... insulate them from change (along with one's position) by means of control over the powers
of innovation. Thus, there is good reason to insist that freedom of thought, and its
expression in speech, are crucial to any viable, human political order, though this requires
renewed elaboration in a technol ...
26 November 2013 Liberalism: A Challenge to Religion Professor
... their own good in their own way. So on this basis liberalism provides us with a thin and pragmatically justified framework
within which individuals can pursue their own subjectively chosen values in their own way so long as in so doing they
recognise a similar right in others.
The second approach ma ...
the liberal as an enemy of queer justice
... Britain was against marriage and it was considered an abusive and retrogressive institution, standing as it
did and does as the pillar and imprimatur of the anti-gay establishment. The gay movement had power
then, and all of the social traditions and practices that falsely propped up heteronormativi ...
A liberalism betrayed? American neoconservatism and the theory of
... On 18 September 2009, Irving Kristol, the founding father of American
neoconservatism, died aged 89. A close reader of Leo Strauss as well as a
remarkable ideological entrepreneur (the two are not so obviously reconcilable),
Kristol and his followers had a tremendous impact on the outlook of the Ame ...
Liberalism, Perfectionism, and Civic Virtue
... becomes relevant. If one takes the line 'the more decent its members, the better the society,'
then it follows that governments should take an interest in the moral standards that guide the
behavior of citizens. But this position seems to be in direct conflict with the basic postulate of
some domina ...
A liberal policy approach to climate change
... development efforts. The result may also be that more and more governments in
rainforest areas, even those in areas that are not threatened by deforestation, will resort
to blackmailing donor nations once they realise that this can secure a stable income.
34. With regard to safeguarding the environm ...
Hartz on American Liberal Tradition
... view of nature of Newtonian physics over into social thinking. Mr. Hartz
mentions only Locke. He does not point out that American history began
in the seventeenth century, synchronous with the climax of the scientific
revolution. As Newton influenced his younger friend Locke, scientific thinking has ...
Individual Liberty and Political Institutions
... concept of private autonomy. This concept implies the notion of “an assured free sphere”
(ibid.: 139) within which individuals are free to choose and to act, and to engage in
voluntary exchange or cooperation with each other as equally free persons.5 Understood
as private autonomy individual liberty ...
... believe in individualism and self-reliance, they will find evidence that choices and actions determine outcomes, just as if
people believe in the power of the situation, they will find evidence that systemic pressures and luck determine outcomes.
These conflicting values of liberals and conservative ...
Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality. The former principle is stressed in classical liberalism while the latter is more evident in social liberalism. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but generally they support ideas and programs such as freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, free markets, civil rights, democratic societies, secular governments, and international cooperation.Liberalism first became a distinct political movement during the Age of Enlightenment, when it became popular among philosophers and economists in the Western world. Liberalism rejected the notions, common at the time, of hereditary privilege, state religion, absolute monarchy, and the Divine Right of Kings. The 17th-century philosopher John Locke is often credited with founding liberalism as a distinct philosophical tradition. Locke argued that each man has a natural right to life, liberty and property, while adding that governments must not violate these rights based on the social contract. Liberals opposed traditional conservatism and sought to replace absolutism in government with representative democracy and the rule of law.Prominent revolutionaries in the Glorious Revolution, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution used liberal philosophy to justify the armed overthrow of what they saw as tyrannical rule. Liberalism started to spread rapidly especially after the French Revolution. The 19th century saw liberal governments established in nations across Europe, South America, and North America. In this period, the dominant ideological opponent of classical liberalism was conservatism, but liberalism later survived major ideological challenges from new opponents, such as fascism and communism. During the 20th century, liberal ideas spread even further as liberal democracies found themselves on the winning side in both world wars. In Europe and North America, the establishment of social liberalism became a key component in the expansion of the welfare state. Today, liberal parties continue to wield power and influence throughout the world.