A Liberal Theory of Federalism
... those at the universities of New South Wales and Sydney, with whom I have exchanged ideas
during my years studying philosophy and political theory. Although they are too numerous to
mention individually, this thesis would have been a much poorer product without their
comments and encouragement.
THEORY BUILDING AND DEMOCRACY: AN APPRAISAL AND
... standardisation of the state structures rooted in the principles of rational political
organisation. Liberal democracy and its global reach are further celebrated on the
premise that presently there is no anti-democratic ideology able to generate sufficient
global appeal to challenge liberal democra ...
Convergence and Consensus in Public Reason
... Reasonable individuals often share a rationale for a decision but, in other cases, they make the same
decision based on disparate and often incompatible rationales. The social contract tradition has been
divided between these two methods of solving the problem of social cooperation: must social
The Limits and Possibilities of Liberal Democracy Promotion
... perhaps most explicit – manifestation of a more general desire for a degree of
homogeneity amongst states.7 The contributing factors behind the rise of democracy
promotion over the last three decades are deeply interconnected (and well known):
the momentum generated by the “third wave” of democratis ...
Original Intent and the Politics of Republicanism
... constitutional principles as expressed by the Founders. The doctrine concedes some latitude in this standard, permitting consideration of the ratifying debates that took place in the thirteen states and allowing for a liberal
perusal of the political literature of the 1780s. Furthermore, original in ...
Public Reason Liberalism
... — with John Rawls’ political liberalism. Many, no doubt, believe that if there is
such a creature as “public reason liberalism” it is a Rawlsian creation. This is an
error. The social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Kant all are
based on conviction that the main aim of political phi ...
Ideology - CiteSeerX
... and political psychology. For over 200 years, political belief systems have been classified usefully according to a
single left–right (or liberal–conservative) dimension that,
we believe, possesses two core aspects: (a) advocating
versus resisting social change and (b) rejecting versus
accepting ine ...
... believe in individualism and self-reliance, they will find evidence that choices and actions determine outcomes, just as if
people believe in the power of the situation, they will find evidence that systemic pressures and luck determine outcomes.
These conflicting values of liberals and conservative ...
Individual Liberty and Political Institutions
... concept of private autonomy. This concept implies the notion of “an assured free sphere”
(ibid.: 139) within which individuals are free to choose and to act, and to engage in
voluntary exchange or cooperation with each other as equally free persons.5 Understood
as private autonomy individual liberty ...
Hartz on American Liberal Tradition
... view of nature of Newtonian physics over into social thinking. Mr. Hartz
mentions only Locke. He does not point out that American history began
in the seventeenth century, synchronous with the climax of the scientific
revolution. As Newton influenced his younger friend Locke, scientific thinking has ...
A liberal policy approach to climate change
... development efforts. The result may also be that more and more governments in
rainforest areas, even those in areas that are not threatened by deforestation, will resort
to blackmailing donor nations once they realise that this can secure a stable income.
34. With regard to safeguarding the environm ...
Liberalism, Perfectionism, and Civic Virtue
... becomes relevant. If one takes the line 'the more decent its members, the better the society,'
then it follows that governments should take an interest in the moral standards that guide the
behavior of citizens. But this position seems to be in direct conflict with the basic postulate of
some domina ...
A liberalism betrayed? American neoconservatism and the theory of
... On 18 September 2009, Irving Kristol, the founding father of American
neoconservatism, died aged 89. A close reader of Leo Strauss as well as a
remarkable ideological entrepreneur (the two are not so obviously reconcilable),
Kristol and his followers had a tremendous impact on the outlook of the Ame ...
the liberal as an enemy of queer justice
... Britain was against marriage and it was considered an abusive and retrogressive institution, standing as it
did and does as the pillar and imprimatur of the anti-gay establishment. The gay movement had power
then, and all of the social traditions and practices that falsely propped up heteronormativi ...
26 November 2013 Liberalism: A Challenge to Religion Professor
... their own good in their own way. So on this basis liberalism provides us with a thin and pragmatically justified framework
within which individuals can pursue their own subjectively chosen values in their own way so long as in so doing they
recognise a similar right in others.
The second approach ma ...
Liberalism and the Moral Significance of
... insulate them from change (along with one's position) by means of control over the powers
of innovation. Thus, there is good reason to insist that freedom of thought, and its
expression in speech, are crucial to any viable, human political order, though this requires
renewed elaboration in a technol ...
Democracy unto the Earth, Liberty unto Mankind?
... tenets of liberal governance”,13 basic tenets which include civil, social and economic
liberties. The use of elections can, it would appear, further undermine political and civil
liberties in their own right through inequality; while elections allow for popular
expression, they also manifest an aris ...
Durham Research Online
... thinker of all times, had certain reservations about the economic and cultural claims of the
working class. L.T. Hobhouse, on the other hand, embraced ideas of equality and
redistribution to an extent that raised the question why the “socialist” label has not been more
firmly attached to him. Yet as ...
The enlighTenmenT period – a conTinuous source of “lighT” or The
... take into consideration not only the cross-country differences, but also the
narratives put forward by the liberalism’s adversaries, as this formation
would develop its ideas, as well as its political and economic stance, in
a clear contradistinction to those professing a different view of man and t ...
Liberalism and nationalism
... claim that liberalism was abstract and incomplete without the addition of the
reality of national identity and national groups.
Review Session #3
... • how do changes in art reflect changes in
society, politics, and economics?
• what are the major tenets of classical
liberalism, conservatism, and socialism
and where do we see examples in 19th
• what effect did the Industrial Revolution
have on art and philosophy?
Mill Fall 2005
... 1869 Publishes (with Harriet Taylor) Subjection of Women
Liberalism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality. The former principle is stressed in classical liberalism while the latter is more evident in social liberalism. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but generally they support ideas and programs such as freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, free markets, civil rights, democratic societies, secular governments, and international cooperation.Liberalism first became a distinct political movement during the Age of Enlightenment, when it became popular among philosophers and economists in the Western world. Liberalism rejected the notions, common at the time, of hereditary privilege, state religion, absolute monarchy, and the Divine Right of Kings. The 17th-century philosopher John Locke is often credited with founding liberalism as a distinct philosophical tradition. Locke argued that each man has a natural right to life, liberty and property, while adding that governments must not violate these rights based on the social contract. Liberals opposed traditional conservatism and sought to replace absolutism in government with representative democracy and the rule of law.Prominent revolutionaries in the Glorious Revolution, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution used liberal philosophy to justify the armed overthrow of what they saw as tyrannical rule. Liberalism started to spread rapidly especially after the French Revolution. The 19th century saw liberal governments established in nations across Europe, South America, and North America. In this period, the dominant ideological opponent of classical liberalism was conservatism, but liberalism later survived major ideological challenges from new opponents, such as fascism and communism. During the 20th century, liberal ideas spread even further as liberal democracies found themselves on the winning side in both world wars. In Europe and North America, the establishment of social liberalism became a key component in the expansion of the welfare state. Today, liberal parties continue to wield power and influence throughout the world.