QUANTUM COMPUTING

... Historically, the fundamental principles of physics rst concerned the problems of matterwhat things are made of and how they move. Later, the problems of energy started to be reected in the leading principles of physicshow energy is created, expressed and transformed. As the next stage an altern ...

... Historically, the fundamental principles of physics rst concerned the problems of matterwhat things are made of and how they move. Later, the problems of energy started to be reected in the leading principles of physicshow energy is created, expressed and transformed. As the next stage an altern ...

Injection/Extraction

... efficiency). This does not only involve putting the injected particles on to the beam path of the machine but also involves getting these particles trapped in the machine acceptances (transverses and longitudinal) so that they can be stored or further accelerated. The specific case of the cyclotro ...

... efficiency). This does not only involve putting the injected particles on to the beam path of the machine but also involves getting these particles trapped in the machine acceptances (transverses and longitudinal) so that they can be stored or further accelerated. The specific case of the cyclotro ...

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

... Following Shannon [1, 2], the entropy function σ (p1 , p2 , ..., pN ) can be alternatively defined as follows: 1. σ (p1 , p2 , ..., pN ) is a continuous function of its arguments p1 , p2 , ..., pN . 2. If all probabilities are equal, namely if p1 = p2 = ... = pN = 1/N, then the quantity Λ (N ) = σ ( ...

... Following Shannon [1, 2], the entropy function σ (p1 , p2 , ..., pN ) can be alternatively defined as follows: 1. σ (p1 , p2 , ..., pN ) is a continuous function of its arguments p1 , p2 , ..., pN . 2. If all probabilities are equal, namely if p1 = p2 = ... = pN = 1/N, then the quantity Λ (N ) = σ ( ...