LEARNING THROUGH PLAY
... A World without Play "Playing is central to children’s physical, psychological and social wellbeing. Whilst playing, children can experience real emotions, create
their own uncertainty, experience the unexpected, respond to new
situations and adapt to a wide variety of situations. Play enables
Secondary Instruction with Multisensory Algebra
... with peers and teachers.
• Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances.
• A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
• A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with
personal or school problems.
Emotional disturbance includes schizophrenia. Th ...
behaviorism learning theory
... • The behavioral learning theory is
represented as an S-R paradigm. The
organism is treated as a “black box.” We
only know what is going on inside the box
by the organism’s overt behavior.
Alison Leigh Brown
Associate Vice President of Academic Affairs
Northern Arizona University Extended Campuses
LEARNER CENTERED APPROACH
... Acquisition of complex knowledge and skills requires
extended learner effort and guided practice. Without
learners' motivation to learn, the willingness to exert
this effort is unlikely without force.
What is Development
... Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development.
What implications do these theories have for
your teaching your future students?
How does the information processing theory
help you to understand the learning process
in which students engage during class?
Adult Learning Theory
... Orientation to learning aspects: this provided me with the understating that adults can be utilized in the
production of learning experiences by integration them into resources for learning. Often times, people
do not utilize this reservoir of experiences and talents. At the same time, relating lear ...
Cognitive Learning Theories
... • Behavioral Learning Theories – focuses on
observable changes in outward behavior & on
the impact of external stimuli to effect change.
• Cognitive Learning Theories – focuses on the
internal mental processes, how they change,
and how they affect external behavior changes.
... and engagement in the classroom.
Learning and Memory PP
... Unwanted events that decrease the frequency of
the behavior they follow when they are applied.
doesn’t teach alternatives
Must be consistent to work
Can create anger/hostility
Can create the opposite effect
Motivation - Studies
... • Gives more emphasis to the internal processes that
occur when training content is learned and
• Information can come from another person or the
learner’s own observation of the results of his
• If the evaluation of the response is positive, this
provides reinforcement that the be ...
... learning environment, which in turn helps to encourage prolific
Other Recommendations for Using Multiple Intelligences
... dictates that adult learners benefit greatly when allowed to draw from their personal experiences
in order to enhance their learning. Knowles (2005) states, “The richest resources for learning
reside in adult learners themselves”. This aspect of Knowles theory connects directly with
intrapersonal in ...
... Relates to individual sensory dominance
Auditory learners learn best by listening
Visual learners learn best by seeing
Kinesthetic/Tactile learners learn best by
doing and touching
... • Health care worker also relates more
effectively with coworkers and other
A Comparative-Ecological Approach to the Study of Learning
... conditioning, but the neutral stimulus is associated with a manipulandum (Brown
& Jenkins, 1968). For example, in most autoshaping experiments with birds, the
netural stimulus has been a lit pecking key. Even though no response is required
for food to be delivered, the birds soon come to peck the ke ...
traditional learning theories
... theory, Bandura's social-cognitive theory, and Weiner's theory of
motivation. However, three of these (Piaget, Vygotsky, and Weiner)
"technically are not categorized as learning theories" but "have
important implications for classroom practice" (p. 12).
Since there is little consensus on how many le ...
TRADITIONAL LEARNING THEORIES
... affective as well as cognitive dimensions of learning was informed in part by Freud's psychoanalytic approach to human
behavior. Although most would not label Freud a learning theorist, aspects of his psychology, such as the influence of the
subconscious mind on behavior, as well as the concepts of ...
An instructional simulation, also called an educational simulation, is a simulation of some type of reality (system or environment) but which also includes instructional elements that help a learner explore, navigate or obtain more information about that system or environment that cannot generally be acquired from mere experimentation. Instructional simulations are typically goal oriented and focus learners on specific facts, concepts, or applications of the system or environment.Today, most universities make lifelong learning possible by offering a virtual learning environment (VLE). Not only can users access learning at different times in their lives, but they can also immerse themselves in learning without physically moving to a learning facility, or interact face to face with an instructor in real time. Such VLEs vary widely in interactivity and scope. For example, there are virtual classes, virtual labs, virtual programs, virtual library, virtual training, etc.Researchers have classified VLE in 4 types: 1st generation VLE: They originated in 1992, and provided the first on line course opportunities. They consisted in a collection of learning materials, discussion forums, testing and e-mail systems all accessible on line. This type of virtual environment was static, and did not allow for interaction among the different components of the system. 2nd generation VLE: Originated in 1996, these VLE are more powerful, both in data base integration and functions - planning and administrating, creating and supporting teaching materials, testing and analyzing results. Over 80 forms exist, including Learning Space, WebCT, Top Class, COSE, Blackboard, etc. 3rd generation VLE: The novelty of 3rd generation VLE is that they incorporate the newest technologies, accessible in real and non real time (synchronous and synchronous communications), such as audio and video conferences through the internet -‘one to one’ and ‘one to many’, collaboration features for work in groups, seminars, labs, forums, and of course the learning, development, planning, library and administrative functions. Stanford On-line, InterLabs, Classroom 2000 and the system ""Virtual University"" (VU) are examples of this VLE. 4th generation VLE: These are the environments of the future, and represent new learning paradigms, at the center of which are the user and the ‘global resources,’ as opposed to the teacher and the ‘local resources.’ Their main advantage is that learning materials can be created, adapted and personalized to the specific needs and function of each user. Few 4th generations VLE exist, most of them still being in the planning and developing phases. One example of supportive technology is called the ‘multi-agent technology,’ which allows the interface of data among different systems.↑