Ever Challenged Union: Exploring Ways Out of the Crises Belfast
... I will emphasize that the federalist approach is much older and has to be seen
as a complement idea to the concept of sovereignty. It did not ’suddenly fall
from heaven’ into Schuman’s hands, as the ’founding myth’ of the European
Union suggests at a first glance. Furthermore, Federalism did not cre ...
Presentation Chapter 26 ENLARGEMENT Ian Barnes and Pamela
... the Copenhagen Criteria
Ratification by parliament or referendum of the aspiring
Ratification by individual member countries
Constantly changing on sui generis cases : Croatia, Western
european union - Channeling Reality
... changing the laws. Regarding non-economic issues, supporters of the European Union argue
that the EU is also a force for peace and democracy. Wars that were a periodic feature of
the history of Western Europe have ceased since the formation of the EEC as it then was. In
the early 1970s, Greece, Port ...
1 Picking up any major European newspaper, one will not have to
... European Council met again in Cardiff the following June (1998) to examine how Europe
could stimulate supporting reforms for labor, capital, and goods markets. And in June
1999, the European Council met yet again to seek ways to bring both trade unions and
employers into efforts at job creation and ...
The Bundesverfassungsgericht sentence
... This theoretical construction is open to easy criticism. Among its organs, the European Union
envisages a European Parliament elected directly by the citizens; therefore the existence of a
sovereign European people should be acknowledged alongside the national people. The German
constitutional judg ...
A Compact Between the United States and Europe
... conflict, and the rise of open societies across the region. Without the
United States, none of these goals can be achieved, nor can any other great
global endeavor in which Europe believes, from the fight against poverty
and disease to the protection of the environment.
America also needs Europe. Wi ...
... force (1,500 troops) reinforced with combat support elements
The groups rotate actively, so that two are ready for deployment at
all times - the forces are under the direct control of the Council of
the European Union
The Battlegroups reached full operational capacity on 1 January
2007, although ...
Bulgaria, Romania... and who next? Perspectives of further EU
... tory together), and the attitudes of the oﬃcial representatives of the Poland. Generally
speaking, the Polish elite and also the public
widely support the enlargement of the EU
(the important role represents Polish experience with its own transformation and eﬀorts
towards EU integration). The Polish ...
Managing Diversity: the ICC
... • Statute approved at UN Conference in Rome on
June 15-17, 1998
• 60 ratifications reached April 1, 2002
• Rome Statute entered into force on July 1, 2002
your europe, your say - powerpoint
... • The European Union is a democratic arena for more
than 500 million citizens, in 28 countries, its laws,
regulations and directives affect our daily lives.
• As active citizens, we have many tools available which
allow us to directly influence how Europe is governed.
• It is our responsibility to r ...
Read More... - Logos Public Affairs
... Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, already in a strong position after his PD party won more than
40% of the vote, has stated that the candidate for President will not receive Italy’s support without
a clear plan for change. One of the things that could help sway Renzi either way will be a
... The Euro is fully launched on January 1. The European
Convention begins, as part of the debate on the future of
Europe, to propose a new framework and structures for the
European Union--geared to changes in the world situation,
the needs of the citizens of Europe and the future
development of the Eu ...
... European based companies
outside of Europe
Those seeking to enhance
international job opportunities
Individuals needing to secure
credentials to demonstrate
knowledge of Europe
The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union made
... Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, and the European Central Bank. The
European Parliament is elected every five years by EU citizens. The EU has developed a single
market through a standardized system of laws that apply in all member states. Within the
Schengen Area (which includes ...
... the rights of liberty are respected?
In Europe it is not possible to carry out an arrest without
first obtaining the authorisation of a judge;
None of the European member states are in favour of
the death penality.
structure and missions of international organizations
... - the UN was founded after the end of World War II 24.10.1945, on the basis of
Charter of the UN, by 51 states in San Francisco, nowadays it consists of 191 states
- since 1997, Kofi Annan is the Secretary General
- the headquarters is in New York, major agencies are also located in Geneva, The
Chapter 15 - 1945 - Present
... countries stemmed from political and
– The United States is a democracy with an
economy based on free enterprise.
– The Soviet Union was a Communist
country in which freedoms were limited.
Its leaders exerted strong control over
both politics and economics.
European Federalism FOR WORLD DEMOCRACY The issue of
... Federalism as a democratic answer to international anarchy
To be really democratic, the federal European Constitution must not only be the result of the converging will of the
national ratifying authorities. It must express the will of the European people. The only real way to achieve this is to hol ...
United Nations(UN) - maturita
... 1957. There were only six members in the beginning – Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg
and the Netherlands. It has 25 members now, including Czech Republic, which joined on 1st May 2004.
But there will be an enlargement in 2007, when Bulgaria and Romania will join EU.
In the early years th ...
The Roman Empire
... Europe united for centuries. It
relied over a region that today
is occupied by more than
European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism
The European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism, known as the Black Ribbon Day in some countries, which is observed on 23 August, is the international remembrance day for victims of totalitarian ideologies, specifically Stalinism, communism, fascism and Nazism.It was designated by the European Parliament in 2008/2009 as ""a Europe-wide Day of Remembrance for the victims of all totalitarian and authoritarian regimes, to be commemorated with dignity and impartiality,"" and has been observed annually by the bodies of the European Union since 2009. The European Parliament's 2009 resolution on European conscience and totalitarianism, co-sponsored by the European People's Party, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, The Greens–European Free Alliance, and the Union for Europe of the Nations, called for its implementation in all of Europe. The establishment of 23 August as an international remembrance day for victims of totalitarianism was also supported by the 2009 Vilnius Declaration of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly.23 August was chosen to coincide with the date of the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, a non-aggression pact between the USSR and Nazi Germany which contained a protocol dividing Romania, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Finland into designated German and Soviet Spheres of Influence. The treaty was described by the European Parliament's president Jerzy Buzek in 2010 as ""the collusion of the two worst forms of totalitarianism in the history of humanity."" The remembrance day originated in protests held in western cities against Soviet crimes and occupation in the 1980s, initiated by Canadian refugees from countries occupied by the Soviet Union, and that culminated in The Baltic Way, a major demonstration during the Revolutions of 1989 that contributed to the liberation of the Baltic states.The purpose of the Day of Remembrance is to preserve the memory of the victims of mass deportations and exterminations, while promoting democratic values with the aim of reinforcing peace and stability in Europe.23 August is also officially recognised by Canada and the United States, where it is known as Black Ribbon Day.