Attachment Concepts In The School Setting
... • Failure to develop a secure attachment
• Chn who begin life with disrupted and
compromised attachment are at risk of
developing serious problems
• Vary in severity, but show lack of ability to be
genuinely affectionate with other
• Typically fail to develop a conscience & learn
not to trust
social exchange theory - relationships are governed by perceptions
... Romantic love as attachment
a) Secure attachment
b) Anxious-ambivalent attachment
c) Avoidant attachment
These infant attachment styles may also be found in adult
$ Secure adults B (55%)
$ Avoidant adults (25%)
$ Anxious-ambivalent (20%)
... A.) Critical Period: optimal period shortly
after birth when certain events must take
place to facilitate proper development.
Ex: First moving object a duckling sees it will
attach to as its mother…would follow person,
moving ball, etc.
B.) Imprinting: process by which certain
animals form attac ...
SECTION 2 – INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD Physical Development
... What is stranger anxiety?
What is attachment? (be sure to understand Harlow’s monkeys experiment!!)
What is a critical period?
What is imprinting?
In a strange situation, what is the difference between secure attachment and insecure attachment?
What is temperament?
_______________ predisposes temper ...
What is a theory?
... Focuses more on mate selection than on
how relationships change once they are
APP Ch.11 Outline Human_Development
... Age at a Single Point in Time.
iv. Jerome Kagen – “Temperament at Childhood can change over a Lifetime.”
i. Attachment – Close Emotional Bonds of Affection that Develop Between
Infants and their Caregivers.
ii. Separation Anxiety – Emotional Distress seen in Many Infants which happens
AAAI Proceedings Template - Computer Science Division
... (Cassidy 1999). Children, so the theory went, have a
primary drive to get food. Parents provide food, therefore
the children learn their attachment to their parents out of a
self-interested need for food. This predicts that children
should attach to whoever happens to feed them,
contradicting observ ...
Attachment - nclmoodle.org.uk
... 50% of infants between 6 months) and 8
Intensity peaked in the first month following
the onset of the first attachment.
Multiple attachments began soon after the
first attachment had been formed. By 18
months 31% had five or more attachments,
e.g. to grandparents etc.
... example, a child may look for a toy hidden under a blanket
Conservation is the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same
despite changes in the form of objects. For example, a child who has mastered conservation
knows that the amount of liquid does not change when it ...
Social Development Theories
... Mary Ainsworth: Comparison of disrupted mother-child bonds to normal mother-child relationship
showed that a child's lack of a mother figure leads to "adverse development effects."
In 1954, she left Tavistock Clinic to do research in Africa, where she carried out her longitudinal
field study of moth ...
... Critical Period---an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism’s exposure to certain
stimuli or experiences produces proper development
Imprinting--- the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very
early in life
Monkeys raised by artificial mothers were ...
Reactive Attachment Disorder
... RAD is specified as severe when a child
exhibits all symptoms of the disorder, with
each symptom manifesting at relatively high
Ch 4 part 3 - My Teacher Pages
... Language Development
• A Critical Period is a limited time in which
an event can occur, usually to result in
some kind of transformation.
• If the organism does not receive the
appropriate stimulus during this "critical
period", it may be difficult, ultimately less
successful, or even impossible, t ...
... 2006 - Present: Free lance Therapy & Consultancy work. This includes work with children
who have been abused and/or neglected, both long term work and time-limited
interventions. Many of the children with whom I work have suffered loss and have
attachment difficulties or disorders. My work allows th ...
... First real words usual refers to things they can see and touch
By early 2nd year beginning to speak more clearly
500 – 1500 words – telegraphic speech
From 18 mos. To 5 years, add approx. 5 to 10 words a day
Healthy Families America and Preventing Bullying
... experiences, early secure attachment seems to have an enduring, positive effect
on developmental outcomes.v
What role does attachment play in the development of social emotional skills?
The attachment process involves a reciprocal relationship based on contingent
communication, when the signals sen ...
attachment - WordPress.com
... Internal Working Model
• The monotropic attachment is unique; it is the
first to develop and the strongest bond of all.
• Forms a model / template / blueprint for all
• Continuity hypothesis – there is consistency
between early emotional experiences and
File - Psychology LA
... parents’ relationships with each other
A love experience questionnaire which assessed individual’s beliefs about romantic love - eg: whether it lasted
forever, whether it could be found easily, how much trust there was in a romantic relationship, etc
The Love Quiz was printed in local newspaper the ...
Dr Lisa Marsland CURRICULUM VITAE 2011 (Website
... key relationships. I believe that the model of attachment offers many benefits in the area of
‘Prevention/Early Intervention’. I am passionate about supporting parent-infant/child mental health and
these key relationships in infancy. I believe that ‘only by supporting and enhancing the parent-child
Psychological origins of attraction
... liked. (social identity theory)
It is possible that we are attracted to people with
complementary traits (e.g someone dominant needs
someone submissive) However, little research supports this
Research is mainly based on surveys. There is little
experimental research. Only correlation, not caus ...
Introducing parents to attachment theory
... demonstrated the importance of children’s earliest relationships.4 He saw
children’s first experiences of relationships as setting an internal working
model – a blueprint – for how relationships work and what to expect from
them. As infants live these early experiences, they register a sense of how
Attachment, Detachment And Borderline Personality Disorder Pat
... therapeutic bond and in the physical setting of therapy, from which to explore current and past
attachment-related experiences. Winnicott (1965), Bowlby (1988), and Farber and colleagues
have equated the therapeutic relationship to that of a reliable caregiver and child. With borderline
clients, thi ...
Attachment-additional slides - Dr Brotherton
... to be linked with adult depression: i) parental death- hopelessness, lack of control
ii) child unable (despite many attempts) to form secure
relationships with caregivers
iii) parent gives child messages they are unlovable or
Cummings & Cicchetti (1990) hypothesized that: iv) havin ...
Attachment measures refer to the various procedures used to assess attachment in children and adults.Researchers have developed various ways of assessing patterns of attachment in children. A variety of methods allow children to be classified into four attachment pattern groups: secure, anxious-ambivalent, anxious-avoidant, and disorganized/disoriented, or assess disorders of attachment. These patterns are also referred to as Secure (Group B); Anxious/Resistant (Group C); Avoidant (Group A) and Disorganized/Controlling (Group D). The disorganized/controlling attachment classification is thought to represent a breakdown in the attachment-caregiving partnerhip such that the child does not have an organized behavioral or representational strategy to achieve protection and care from the attachment figure. Each pattern group is further broken down into several sub-categories. A child classified with the disorganized/controlling attachment will be given a ""next best fit"" organized classification.Attachment in adults is commonly measured using the Adult Attachment Interview, the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System, and self-report questionnaires. Self-report questionnaires assess attachment style, a personality dimension that describes attitudes about relationships with romantic partners. Attachment style is thought to be similar to childhood attachment patterns, although there is to date no research that links how childhood attachment patterns are related to attachment personality dimensions with romantic partners. The most common approach to defining attachment style is a two-dimension approach in defining attachment style. One dimension deals with anxiety about the relationship, and the other dimension dealing with avoidance in the relationship. Another approach defines four adult attachment style categories: secure, preoccupied, dismissive-avoidant, and fearful-avoidant.