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英文建筑专业词汇解释
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英语建筑专业词汇
a. DESIGN BASIS 设计依据
b. DESIGN STAGE 设计阶段
c. CLIMATE CONDITION 气象条件
d. GENERAL ROOM NAME 常用房间名称
e. ROOFING & CEILING 屋面及天棚
f. WALL(CLADDING) 墙体(外墙板)
g. FLOOR & TRENCH 地面及地沟
h. DOORS 、GLASS、WINDOWS & IRONMONGERY(HARDWARE)门、玻璃、窗及五金件
I. STAIRCASE、LANDING & LIFT(ELEVATOR)楼梯、休息平台及电梯
j. BUILDING MATERIAL WORDS AND PHRASES 建筑材料词汇及短语
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【 Bricks and Tiles 砖和瓦】
【Lime, Sand and Stone 灰、砂和石】
【Cement, Mortar and Concrete 水泥、砂浆和混凝土】
【Facing And Plastering Materials 饰面及粉刷材料】
【Asphalt (Bitumen) and Asbestos 沥青和石棉】
【Timber 木材】
【Metallic Materials 金属材料】
【Non-Ferrous Metal 有色金属】
【Anti-Corrosion Materials 防腐蚀材料】
【Building Hardware 建筑五金】
【Paint 油漆】
k. OTHER ARCHITECTURAL TERMS 其它建筑术语
【Discipline 专业】
【Conventional Terms 一般通用名词】
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【
Architectural
Physics
建
理】://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlar
【Name Of Professional role 职务名称】
【Drafting 制图】
a. DESIGN BASIS 设计依据
计划建议书 planning proposals
设计任务书 design order
标准规范 standards and codes
条件图 information drawing
设计基础资料 basic data for design
工艺流程图 process flowchart
工程地质资料 engineering geological data
原始资料 original data
筑
物
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设计进度 schedule of design
b. STAGE OF DESIGN 设计阶段
方案 scheme, draft
草图 sketch
会谈纪要 summary of discussion
谈判 negotiation
可行性研究 feasibility study
初步设计 preliminary design
基础设计 basic design
详细设计 detail design
询价图 enquiry drawing
施工图 working drawing, construction drawing
竣工图 as built drawing
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c. CLIMATE CONDITION 气象条件
日照 sunshine
风玫瑰 wind rose
主 导 风 向 prevailinghttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html wind
direction
最大(平均)风速 maximum (mean) wind velocity
风荷载 wind load
最大(平均)降雨量 maximum (mean) rainfall
雷击及闪电 thunder and lightning
飓风 hurricane
台风 typhoon
旋风 cyclone
降雨强度 rainfall intensity
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年降雨量 annual rainfall
湿球温度 wet bulb temperature
干球温度 dry bulb temperature
冰冻期 frost period
冰冻线 frost line
冰冻区 frost zone
室外计算温度 calculating outdoor temperature
采暖地区 region with heating provision
不采暖地区 region without heating provision
绝对大气压 absolute atmospheric pressure
相对湿度 relative humidity
d. GENERAL ROOM NAME 常用房间名称
办公室 office
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服务用房 service room
换班室 shift room
休息室 rest room (break room)
起居室 living room
浴室 bathroom
淋浴间 shower
更衣室 locker room
厕所 lavatory
门厅 lobbyhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html
诊室 clinic
工作间 workshop
电气开关室 switchroom
走廊 corridor
档案室 archive
电梯机房 lift motor room
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车库 garage
清洁间 cleaning room
会议室(正式) conference room
会议室 meeting room
衣柜间 ward robe
暖风间 H.V.A.C room
饭店 restaurant
餐厅 canteen, dining room
厨房 kitchen
入口 entrance
接待处 reception area
会计室 accountant room
秘书室 secretary room
电气室 electrical room
控制室 control room
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工长室 foreman office
开关柜室 switch gear
前室 antecabinet (Ante.)
生产区 production area
马达控制中心 Mcc
多功能用房 utility room
化验室 laboratory room
经理室 manager room
披 屋(阁楼) penthouse
警卫室 guard house
e. ROOFING AND CEILING 屋面及天棚
女儿墙 parapet
雨蓬 canopy
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屋脊 roof ridge
坡度 slope
://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlpar 坡跨比 pitch
分水线 water-shed
二毡三油 2 layers of felt & 3 coats of bitumastic
附加油毡一层 extra ply of felt
檐口 eave
挑檐 overhanging eave
檐沟 eave gutter
平屋面 flat roof
坡屋面 pitched roof
雨水管 downspout, rain water pipe)(R.W.P)
汇水面积 catchment area
泛水 flashing
内排水 interior drainage
外排水 exterior drainage
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滴水 drip
屋面排水 roof drainage
找平层 leveling course
卷材屋面 built-up roofing
天棚 ceiling
檩条 purlin
屋面板 roofing board
天花板 ceiling board
防水层 water-proof course
检查孔 inspection hole
人孔 manhole
吊顶 suspended ceiling, false ceiling
檐板(窗帘盒) cornice
f. WALL (CLADDING) 墙体(外墙板)
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砖墙 brick wall
砌块墙 block wall
清水砖墙 brick wall without plastering
抹灰墙 rendered wall
石膏板墙
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlgypsum board,
plaster board
空心砖墙 hollow brick wall
承重墙 bearing wall
非承重墙 non-bearing wall
纵墙 longitudinal wall
横墙 transverse wall
外墙 external (exterior) wall
内墙 internal (interior) wall
填充墙 filler wall
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防火墙 fire wall
窗间墙 wall between window
空心墙 cavity wall
压顶 coping
圈梁 gird, girt, girth
玻璃隔断 glazed wall
防潮层 damp-proof course (D.P.C)
遮阳板 sunshade
阳台 balcony
伸缩缝 expansion joint
沉降缝 settlement joint
抗震缝 seismic joint
复合夹心板 sandwich board
压型单板 corrugated single steel plate
外墙板 cladding panel
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复合板 composite panel
轻质隔断 light-weight partition
牛腿 bracket
砖烟囱 brick chimney
勒脚(基座) plinth
g. FLOOR AND TRENCH 地面及地沟
地坪 grade
地面和楼面 ground and floor
://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlpar 素土夯实 rammed earth
炉渣夯实 tamped cinder
填土 filled earth
回填土夯实 tamped backfill
垫层 bedding course, blinding
面层 covering, finish
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结合层 bonding (binding) course
找平层 leveling course
素水泥浆结合层 neat cement binding course
混凝土地面 concrete floor
水泥地面 cement floor
机器磨平混凝土地面 machine trowelled concrete floor
水磨石地面 terrazzo flooring
马赛克地面 mosaic flooring
瓷砖地面 ceramic tile flooring
油地毡地面 linoleum flooring
预制水磨 石地面 precast terrazzo flooring
硬木花地面 hard-wood parquet flooring
搁栅 joist
硬木毛地面 hard-wood rough flooring
企口板地面 tongued and grooved flooring
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防酸地面 acid-resistant floor
钢筋混凝土楼板 reinforced concrete slab (R.C Slab)
乙烯基地面 vinyl flooring
水磨石嵌条 divider strip for terrazzo
地面做 2%坡 floor with 2% slope
集水沟 gully
集水口 gullehttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmly
排水沟 drainage trench
沟盖板 trench cover
活动盖板 removable cover plate
集水坑 sump pit
孔翻边 hole up stand
电缆沟 cable trench
h. DOORS,GLASS,WINDOWS & IRONMONGERY(HARDWARE)门、玻璃、窗及五金件
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木 (钢)门 wooden (steel) door
镶板门 panelled door
夹板门 plywood door
铝合金门 aluminum alloy door
卷帘门 roller shutter door
弹簧门 swing door
推拉门 sliding door
平开门 side-hung door
折叠门 folding door
旋转门 revolving door
玻璃门 glazed door
密闭门 air-Tight door
保温门 thermal insulating door
镀锌铁丝网门 galvanized steel wire mesh door
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防火门 fire door
(大门上的)小门 wicket
门框 door frame
门扇 door leaf
门洞 door opening
结构开洞 structural opening
单扇门 single door
双扇门 double door
疏散门 emergency door
纱门 screen door://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlpar
门槛 door sill
门过梁 door lintel
上冒头 top rail
下冒头 bottom rail
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门边木 stile
门樘侧料 side jumb
槽口 notch
木窗 wooden window
钢窗 steel window
铝合金窗 aluminum alloy window
百叶窗 (通风为主) sun-bind, louver (louver, shutter, blind)
塑钢窗 plastic steel window
空腹钢窗 hollow steel window
固定窗 fixed window
平开窗 side-hung window
推拉窗 sliding window
气窗 transom
上悬窗 top-hung window
中悬窗 center-pivoted window
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下悬窗 hopper window
活动百叶窗 adjustable louver
天窗 skylight
老虎窗 dormer window
密封双层玻璃 sealed double glazing
钢筋混凝土过梁 reinforced concrete lintel
钢筋砖过梁 reinforced brick lintel
窗扇 casement sash
窗台 window sill
窗台板 window board
窗中梃 mullion
窗横木 mutin
窗边木 stile
压缝条 cover mould
窗帘盒 curthttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlain box
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合页(铰链) hinge (butts)
转轴 pivot
长脚铰链 parliament hinge
闭门器 door closer
地弹簧 floor closer
插销 bolt
门锁 door lock
拉手 pull
链条 chain
门钩 door hanger
碰球 ball latch
窗钩 window catch
暗插销 insert bolt
电动开关器 electric opener
平板玻璃 plate glass
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夹丝玻璃 wire glass
透明玻璃 clear glass
毛玻璃(磨砂玻璃) ground glass (frosted glass)
防弹玻璃 bullet-proof glass
石英玻璃 quartz glass
吸热玻璃 heat absorbing glass
磨光玻璃 polished glass
着色玻璃 pigmented glass
玻璃瓦 glass tile
玻璃砖 glass block
有机玻璃 organic glass
I. STAIRCASE, LANDING & LIFT (ELEVATOR) 楼梯、休息平台及电梯
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楼梯 stair
楼梯间 staircase
疏散梯 emergency stair
旋转梯 spiral stair (circular stair)
吊车梯 crane ladder
直爬梯 vertihttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlcal ladder
踏步 step
扇形踏步 winder (wheel step)
踏步板 tread
档步板 riser
踏步宽度 tread width
防滑条 non-slip insert (strips)
栏杆 railing (balustrade)
平台栏杆 platform railing
吊装孔栏杆 railing around mounting hole
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扶手 handrail
梯段高度 height of flight
防护梯笼 protecting cage (safety cage)
平台 landing (platform)
操作平台 operating platform
装卸平台 platform for loading & unloading
楼梯平台 stair landing
客梯 passenger lift
货梯 goods lift
客/货两用梯 goods/passenger lift
液压电梯 hydraulic lift
自动扶梯 escalator
观光电梯 observation elevator
电梯机房 lift mortar room
电梯坑 lift pit
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电梯井道 lift shaft
j. BUILDING MATERIAL WORDS AND PHRASES 建筑材料词汇及短语
Bricks and Tiles 砖和瓦
红砖 red brick
粘土砖 clay brick
瓷砖 glazed http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlbrick (ceramic
tile)
防火砖 fire brick
空心砖 hollow brick
面砖 facing brick
地板砖 flooring tile
缸砖 clinkery brick
马赛克 mosaic
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陶粒混凝土 ceramsite concrete
琉璃瓦 glazed tile
脊瓦 ridge tile
石棉瓦 asbestos tile (shingle)
波形石棉水泥瓦 corrugated asbestos cement sheet
Lime, Sand and Stone 灰、砂和石
石膏 gypsum
大理石 marble
汉白玉 white marble
花岗岩 granite
碎石 crushed stone
毛石 rubble
蛭石 vermiculite
珍珠岩 pearlite
水磨石 terrazzo
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卵石 cobble
砾石 gravel
粗砂 course sand
中砂 medium sand
细砂 fine sand
Cement, Mortar and Concrete 水泥、砂浆和混凝土
波特兰水泥(普通硅酸盐水泥) Portland cement
硅酸盐水泥 silicate cement
火山灰水泥 pozzolana cement
白水泥 white cement
水泥砂浆 cement mortar
石灰砂浆 lime mortar
水
泥
石
灰
砂
浆
(
混
合
砂
浆
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlmortar
保温砂浆 thermal mortar
)
cement-lime
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防水砂浆 water-proof mortar
耐酸砂浆 acid-resistant mortar
耐碱砂浆 alkaline-resistant mortar
沥青砂浆 bituminous mortar
纸筋灰 paper strip mixed lime mortar
麻刀灰 hemp cut lime mortar
灰缝 mortar joint
素混凝土 plain concrete
钢筋混凝土 reinforced concrete
轻质混凝土 lightweight concrete
细石混凝土 fine aggregate concrete
沥青混凝土 asphalt concrete
泡沫混凝土 foamed concrete
炉渣混凝土 cinder concrete
Facing And Plastering Materials 饰面及粉刷材料
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水刷石 granitic plaster
斩假石 artificial stone
刷浆 lime wash
可赛银 casein
大白浆 white wash
麻刀灰打底 hemp cuts and lime as base
喷大白浆两道 sprayed twice with white wash
分格抹水泥砂浆 cement mortar plaster sectioned
板条抹灰 lath and plaster
Asphalt(Bitumen) and Asbestos 沥青和石棉
沥青卷材 asphalt felt
沥青填料 asphahttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmllt filler
沥青胶泥 asphalt grout
冷底子油 adhesive bitumen primer
沥青玛啼脂 asphaltic mastic
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沥青麻丝 bitumastic oakum
石棉板 asbestos sheet
石棉纤维 asbestos fiber
Timber 木材
裂缝 crack
透裂 split
环裂 shake
干缩 shrinkage
翘曲 warping
原木 log
圆木 round timber
方木 square timber
板材 plank
木条 batten
板条 lath
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木板 board
红松 red pine
白松 white pine
落叶松 deciduous pine
云杉 spruce
柏木 cypress
白杨 white poplar
桦木 birch
冷杉 fir
栎木 oak
榴木 willow
榆木 elm
杉木 cedar
柚木 teak
樟木 camphor wood
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防腐处理的木材 preservative-treated lumber
胶合板 plywood
三(五)合板 3(5)-plywood
企口板 tongued and grooved board
层夹板 laminated plank
胶合层夹木材 glue-laminated lumber
纤维板 fhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmliber-board
竹子 bamboo
Metallic Materials 金属材料
黑色金属 ferrous metal
圆钢 steelbBar
方钢 square steel
扁钢 steel strap,flat steel
型钢 steel section (shape)
槽钢 channel
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角钢 angle steel
等边角钢 equal-leg angle
不等边角钢 unequal-leg angle
工字钢 I-beam
宽翼缘工字钢 wide flange I-beam
丁( 之)字钢 T-bar (Z-bar)
冷弯薄壁型钢 light gauge cold-formed steel shape
热轧 hot-rolled
冷轧 cold-rolled
冷拉 cold-drawn
冷压 cold-pressed
合金钢 alloy steel
钛合金 titanium alloy
不锈钢 stainless steel
竹节钢筋 corrugated steel bar
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变形钢筋 deformed bar
光圆钢筋 plain round bar
钢板 steel plate
薄钢板 thin steel plate
低碳钢 low carbon steel
冷弯 cold bending
钢管 steel pipe (tube)
无缝钢管 seamless steel pipe
焊接钢管 welded steel pipe
黑铁管 iron pihttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlpe
镀锌钢管 galvanized steel pipe
铸铁 cast iron
生铁 pig iron
熟铁 wrought iron
镀锌铁皮 galvanized steel sheet
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镀锌铁丝 galvanized steel wire
钢丝网 steel wire mesh
多孔金属网 expanded metal
锰钢 managanese steel
高强度合金钢 high strength alloy steel
Non-Ferrous Metal 有色金属
金 gold
白金 platinum
铜 copper
黄铜 brass
青铜 bronze
银 silver
铝 aluminum
铅 lead
Anti-Corrosion Materials 防腐蚀材料
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聚乙烯 polythene, polyethylene
尼龙 nylon
聚氯乙烯 PVC (polyvinyl chloride)
聚碳酸酯 polycarbonate
聚苯乙烯 polystyrene
丙烯酸树酯 acrylic resin
乙烯基酯 vinyl ester
橡胶内衬 rubber lining
氯丁橡胶 neoprene
沥青漆 bitumen paint
环氧树脂漆 epoxy resin paint
氧化锌底漆 zinc oxide primer
防锈漆 anti-rust paint
耐酸漆 acid-resistant paint
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html 耐 碱 漆 alkali-resistant
paint
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水玻璃 sodium silicate
树脂砂浆 resin-bonded mortar
环氧树脂 epoxy resin
Building Hardware 建筑五金
钉子 nails
螺纹屋面钉 spiral-threaded roofing nail
环纹石膏板钉 annular-ring gypsum board nail
螺丝 screws
平头螺丝 flat-head screw
螺栓 bolt
普通螺栓 commercial bolt
高强螺栓 high strength bolt
预埋螺栓 insert bolt
胀锚螺栓 cinch bolt
垫片 washer
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Paint 油漆
底漆 primer
防锈底漆 rust-inhibitive primer
防腐漆 anti-corrosion paint
调和漆 mixed paint
无光漆 flat paint
透明漆 varnish
银粉漆 aluminum paint
磁漆 enamel paint
干性油 drying oil
稀释剂 thinner
焦油 tar
沥青漆 asphalt paint
桐油 tung oil, Chinese wood oil
红丹 red lead
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铅油 lead oil
腻子 putty
k. OTHER ARCHITECTURAL TERMS 其它建筑术语
://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlarDiscipline 专业
建筑 architecture
土木 civil
给排水 water supply and drainage
总图 plot plan
采暖通风 H.V.A.C (heating、ventilation and air conditioning)
电力供应 electric power supply
电气照明 electric lighting
电讯 telecommunication
仪表 instrument
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热力供应 heat power supply
动力 mechanical power
工艺 process technology
管道 piping
Conventional Terms 一般通用名词
建筑原理 architectonics
建筑形式 architectural style
民用建筑 civil architecture
城市建筑 urban architecture
农村建筑 rural architecture
农业建筑 farm building
工业建筑 industrial building
重工业的 heavy industrial
轻工业的 light industrial
古代建筑 ancient architecture
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现代建筑 modern architecture
标准化建筑 standardized buildings
附属建筑 auxiliary buildings
城市规划 city planning
厂区内 within site
厂区外 http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html offsite
封闭式 closed type
开敞式 open type
半开敞式 semi-open type
模数制 modular system
单位造价 unit cost
概算 preliminary estimate
承包商 constructor, contractor
现场 site
扩建 extension
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改建 reconstruction
防火 fire-prevention
防震 aseismatic, quake-proof
防腐 anti-corrosion
防潮 dump-proof
防水 water-proof
防尘 dust-proof
防锈 rust-proof
车流量 traffic volume
货流量 freight traffic volume
人流量 pedestrian volume
透视图 perspective drawing
建筑模型 building model
Architectural Physics 建筑物理
照明 illumination
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照度 degree of illumination
亮度 brightness
日照 sunshine
天然采光 natural lighting
光强 light intensity
侧光 side light
顶光 top light
眩光 glaze
方位角 azimuth
辐射 radiation
对流 convection://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html
传导 conduction
遮阳 sun-shade
保温 thermal insulation
恒温 constant temperature
恒湿 constant humidity
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噪音 noise
隔音 sound-proof
吸音 sound absorption
露点 dew point
隔汽 vapor-proof
Name Of Professional role 职务名称
项目经理 project manager (PM)
设计经理 design manager
首席建筑师 principal architect
总工程师 chief engineer
土木工程师 civil engineer
工艺工程师 process engineer
电气工程师 electrical engineer
机械工程师 mechanical engineer
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计划工程师 planning engineer
助理工程师 assistant engineer
实习生 probationer
专家 specialist, expert
制图员 draftsman
技术员 technician
Drafting 制图
总说明 general specification
工程说明 project specification
采用标准规范目录 list of standards and specification adopted
图纸目录 list of drawings
平面图 plan
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html 局 部 放 大 图 detail with
enlarged scale
...平面示意图 schematic plan of...
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...平剖面图 sectional plan of...
留孔平面图 plan of provision of holes
剖面 section
纵剖面 longitudinal section
横剖面 cross (transverse) section
立面 elevation
正立面 front elevation
透视图 perspective drawing
侧立面 side elevation
背立面 back elevation
详图 detail drawings
典型节点 typical detail
节点号 detail No.
首页 front page
图纸目录及说明 list of contents and description
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图例 legend
示意图 diagram
草图 sketch
荷载简图 load diagram
流程示意图 flow diagram
标准图 standard drawing
...布置图 layout of ...
地形图 topographical map
土方工程图 earth-work drawing
展开图 developed drawing
模板图 formwork drawing
配筋 arrangement of reinforcement
表格 tables
工程进度表 working schedule
技术经济指 http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html 标 technical and
economical index
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建、构筑物一览表 list of buildings and structures
编号 coding
序列号 serial No.
行和栏 rows and columns
备注 remarks
等级 grade
直线 straight Line
曲线 curves
曲折线 zigzag line
虚线 dotted line
实线 solid line
影线 hatching line
点划线 dot and dash line
轴线 axis
等高线 contour Line
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中心线 center Line
双曲线 hyperbola
抛物线 parabola
切线 tangent Line
尺寸线 dimension Line
园形 round
环形 annular
方形 square
矩形 rectangle
平行四边形 parallelogram
三角形 triangle
五角形 pentagon
六角形 hexagon
八角形 octagon
梯形 trapezoid
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圆圈 circle
弓形 sagment
扇形 sector
球形的 spherical
抛物面 paraboloid
圆锥形 cone
椭圆形 ellipse, oblong
面积 area
体积 volume
://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html 容量 capacity
重量 weight
质量 mass
力 force
米 meter
厘米 centimeter
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毫米 millimeter
公顷 hectate
牛顿/平方米 Newton/square meter
千克/立方米 kilogram/cubic meter
英尺 foot
英寸 inch
磅 pound
吨 ton
加仑 gallon
千磅 kip
平均尺寸 average dimension
变尺寸 variable dimension
外形尺寸 overall dimension
展开尺寸 developed dimension
内径 inside diameter
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外径 outside diameter
净重 net weight
毛重 gross weight
数量 quantity
百分比 percentage
净空 clearance
净高 headroom
净距 clear distance
净跨 clear span
截面尺寸 sectional dimension
开间 bay
进深 depth
单跨 single span
双跨 double span
多跨 multi-span
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标高 elevation, level
绝对标高 absolute elevation
设计标高 designed elevation
室 外 地 面 标 高 http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html ground
elevation
室内地面标高 floor elevation
柱网 column grid
坐标 coordinate
厂区占地 site area
使用面积 usable area
辅助面积 service area
通道面积 passage area
管架 pipe rack
管廊 pipeline gallery
架空管线 overhead pipeline
排水沟 drain ditch
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集水坑 sump pit
喷泉 fountain
地漏 floor drain
消火栓 fire hydrant
灭火器 fire extinguisher
二氧化碳灭火器 carbon dioxide extinguisher
卤代烷灭火器 halon extinguisher
专业词汇解释
Accessory:
A supplementary building product, such as a door, window, skylight, ventilator,
louver, etc.
Anchor Bolts:
Bolts used to anchor structural members to a concrete floor, foundation or other
support. Usually refers to the bolts at the bottom of all columns and door jambs.
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Anchor Bolt Plan:
A
plan
view
of
a
fohttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlundations
building(s)
showing
all
dimensions and sections required to properly locate the anchor bolts, including the
projections of the bolts above the concrete surface, required recess, etc. Column
reactions (magnitude and direction), and base plate dimensions are also included.
Angle:
A hot rolled member with two legs forming a 90o angle.
Approval Drawings:
Drawings sent to the customer to verify design and dimensions and to verify the sales
contract description of materials and services the manufacturer has agreed to
furnish.
Assembly:
Two or more components bolted together.
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Astragal:
A bent plate attached to one leaf of double sliding or hinged doors to prevent dust
and light ingress.
Auxiliary Loads:
All specified dynamic live loads, other than the basic design loads, which the
building
must
safehttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlly
withstand. Examples are loads imposed by crane systems, material handling systems
and impact loads.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Back-up Plates:
Additional plates used in connections to provide sufficient bolt grip, allow for
erection tolerances, or increase strength.
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Base Angle:
A continuous angle fixed to the floor slab or to the grade beam to enable the attachment
of wall panels.
Base Plate:
The endplate of a column which rests on the supporting substructure surface.
Bay:
The space between the center lines of frames or primary supporting members in the
longitudinal direction of the building. Also called Bay Spacing or Bay Length.
Bead Mastic:
A sealant furnished in a continuous roll, normally used for sealing end
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmllaps of roof panels. See
also Endlap Mastic.
Beam:
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A horizontal structural member designed primarily to resist moments.
Bent Plate:
A plate bent to form an angle.
Bill of Materials:
A list of items or components used for fabrication, shipping, receiving, and
accounting purposes.
Bird Screen:
Wire mesh used to prevent birds from entering the building through ventilators,
louvers and roof monitors.
Blind Rivet:
A small headed pin with an expandable shank for joining light gauge metal. Typically
used to attach flashing, gutters, etc. Also referred to as a Pop Rivet.
Brace Grip:
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Galvanized steel strands formed into a helical hair pin shape that is wrapped tightly
on the strand at the end of the cable brace.
Brace Rods/Cables:
Rods
or
cables
placed
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmldiagonally in the roof and
walls for the purpose of transferring wind loads to the foundations and longitudinally
stabilizing the building.
Braced Bay:
The bay where bracing is provided.
Bracket:
A structural support projecting from a column or rafter to which another structural
member is fastened. Example: Brackets supporting crane runway beams.
Bridge Crane:
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Overhead traveling crane supported by rails which are in turn supported by crane
runway beams.
Builder:
A general contractor or sub-contractor responsible for providing and erecting
pre-engineered buildings.
Building Codes:
Regulations developed by recognized agencies establishing minimum building
requirements for licensing, safety and functionality purposes such as setbacks, fire
regulations,
spacing
and
clearances.
Building
codes
ushttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlually address acceptable
design codes. An example of a building code is the Uniform Building Code (UBC).
Building Width:
The lateral width of the building measured from out to out of sidewall steel lines.
Built-up Section:
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A structural member, usually an "I" shape, made from individual flat plates welded
together.
Butt Plate:
The end plate of a structural member which usually rests against a similar endplate
of another member to form a moment resisting connection. Also called Splice Plate,
End Plate, or Cap Plate.
By-pass Girt:
The girt which passes continuously along the outside flanges of the columns.
By-pass Mounted:
See Exterior Mounted.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
"C" Section:
A
member
formed
into
shahttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlped
roll-forming from coils.
a
profile
"C"
by
cold
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Cable Catch Assembly:
The operating handle used to open and close the ridge ventilator.
Cables:
Used for cable bracing. Can also be used to operate ridge vent dampers and for
temporary bracing. See Brace Cables.
Cantilever:
A projecting beam that is supported and restrained at one end only.
Canopy:
An overhanging or projecting roof structure, below the eave level, supported at one
end only.
Cap Plate:
A plate located at the top of a column or end of a beam. Also referred to as End Plate.
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Capillary Action:
The action of water rising to a higher level.
Catwalk:
A narrow walkway used to provide access to mechanical equipment normally supported
on roof platforms.
Caulking:
A sealant usehttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmld in making
watertight joints.
Channel (Hot Rolled):
A member formed, while in a semi-molten state at the steel mill, into a "C" shaped
profile having standard dimensions and properties specified by a relevant standard
specification.
Checkered Plate:
Flat hot rolled plate with raised checkered design to prevent slipping; used for
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industrial equipment platforms, catwalks, stair treads, etc.
Clear Height:
The vertical dimension from the finished floor level to the lowest underside point
of the rafter.
Clear Span:
A building without internal columns.
Clip:
A plate or angle used to fasten two or more members together.
Closer:
Mechanical device, usually attached to a hinged door, which automatically closes the
door.
Closure Strip:
Purpose-made
foam
fillers
to
fit
inside
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmland outside profiles of roof
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and wall panels providing a weather-tight seal. Also known as Foam Closure.
Coil:
A roll of steel sheet or wire.
Cold-Formed Member:
A light gauge structural member produced from coiled steel stock running through a
series of rolls at normal room temperatures.
Collateral Load:
The static load other than the basic design loads such as sprinklers, mechanical and
electrical systems, ceilings, etc.
Column:
A vertical structural member used in a building to transfer loads from the main roof
beams, trusses or rafters to the foundation.
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Component:
An independent part of an assembly.
Concrete Notch:
A rebate or notch formed along the edge of the concrete floor slab or grade beam,
allowing
wall
panels
to
end
below
the
floor
level
thus
preventhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmling ingress of dust
or water.
Continuous Beam:
A beam which has more than two points of support.
Continuous Ridge Vent:
Two or more ridge ventilators mounted on the building ridge that allow air circulation.
See also Ridge Ventilator.
Corner Column:
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A column at any corner of a building. Corner columns may be primary rigid frame columns
or post-and-beam columns.
Counter Flashing:
Trim used to connect the sidewall sheeting of a main building to the roof sheeting
of a lower building.
Crane:
A machine designed to lift and/or move material by means of a hoist.
Crane Beam:
A beam that supports an overhead traveling bridge crane. On underhung bridge cranes,
it also acts as a crane rail. Also known as a Crane Runway Beam.
Crane Bracket:
Struhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlctural support welded
to the primary building frame to permit attachment of a crane runway beam. See also
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Bracket.
Crane Bridge:
One or two girders or box sections supported on end carriages. See also Bridge Crane.
Crane Capacity:
The maximum weight a crane can safely lift. Crane capacity depends on the standard
design of the crane components and their supports.
Crane Rail:
Rail welded or bolted to a crane beam forming the track on which the bridge crane
wheels travel.
Crane Stopper:
A small vertical member welded to the top of the crane beam to stop the crane bridge
at the end of the crane run area.
Cross Section:
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A view formed by a plane cutting through an object usually at right angles to its
axes.
Curb:
Raised flashing around roof openings to form waterproof openings. See also
Rohttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlof Curb.
Curved Eave:
Curved panels provided at the eave.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Damper:
Baffle plate in a ridge ventilator that can be opened or closed using the cable catch
assembly.
Dead Load:
The self weight of the pre-engineered building structure including all its components
such as frames, floors, secondary members, sheeting, bolts, etc.
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Design Codes:
Regulations developed by recognized agencies establishing design loads, procedures,
and construction details for structures. Examples are: MBMA, AISC, AISI, AWS, etc.
Diagonal Bracing:
See Brace Rods/Cables.
Door Guide:
An angle, channel, or proprietary product used to restrain a door leaf or curtain
during its opening and closing.
Dhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmloor Stopper:
A clip bolted to the vertical door member to prevent opening beyond the door limit.
Double Channel:
Double or back-to-back "C" sections stitch-bolted together.
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Double Faced Tape:
Used as an aid to fix fiberglass insulation.
Double Sliding Door:
Sliding door with two door leaves.
Downspout:
Cold-formed sheet metal section used to carry water from the gutter of a building
to the ground or storm drainage system.
Downspout Elbow/Shoe:
Cold-formed sheet metal section, matching the downspout profile, attached to the
lower end of a downspout and curved in such a way as to direct water away from a wall.
Downspout Straps:
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Metal straps used to fix the downspouts to the sidewalls.
---------------------------------------------------http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81
b6c4139b733658dfddea.html-----------------------------
Eave:
A line along the sidewall formed by the intersection of the inside faces or planes
of the roof and the sidewall panels.
Eave Gutter:
Gutter at the eave of a building.
Eave Height:
The vertical dimension from the finished floor level to the top of the eave strut.
Eave Strut:
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A structural member, located at the eave, used for supporting the roof panels and
the wall panels.
Eave Strut Clip:
A clip used to support the eave strut.
Eave Trim/Flashing:
A sheet metal closure whose function is primarily to provide weather-tightness at
the eave between the eave gutter and the wall panels.
Edge Distance:
The perpendicular distance between the plate edge and the center of the bolt hole.
Elehttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlvation:
(a) Distance above or below a prescribed datum or reference. (b) Engineering term
referring to any wall view of a structure.
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End Bay:
The first or last bay in the building, as opposed to interior bay. It is the spacing
between the outside face of the outer flange of the endwall columns and the center
line of the first interior column.
End Lap:
A term used to describe the lap at a purlin location where the end of one panel overlaps
the end of the panel below it.
End Lap Mastic:
Sealant, in extruded bead form, used to seal end laps of roof panels for
weather-tightness. Also called Bead Mastic.
End Plate:
A plate welded at the end of a member.
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Endwall:
A term used to describe the entire composition of a building end. See Post & Beam
Endwall or Rigid Frame Endwall.
://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlar
End Framing:
Framing located at the endwall of a building which supports the loads acting on a
portion of the end bay.
Endwall Post/Column:
A vertical member located at the endwall which supports the girts and endwall rafter.
Endwall Rafter:
Normally a cold-formed "C" section supported by end posts of post-and-beam endwalls.
Endwall rafters can also be built-up or hot rolled sections if required by design
loads
Endwall Roof Extension:
Roof cantilevered beyond the endwall.
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Erection:
The on site assembling of pre-fabricated components to form the complete structure.
Erection Drawings:
Drawings and erection instructions which identify all the individual components in
sufficient detail to permit the proper assembly of all parts of the metal building
system furnished by the seller.
://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlExpansion Joint:
A weather-tight joint across the width of the building allowing for expansion and
contraction.
Exterior Mounted:
A girt system where the girts are mounted outside the columns and are attached directly
to the outside column flange. Also called By-pass Mounted.
Eye Bolt:
Used in conjunction with a hillside washer for tensioning cable braces.
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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Fabrication:
The manufacturing process usually performed in a plant to convert raw material into
finished metal building components. The main operations are cold- forming, cutting,
punching, welding, cleaning and painting.
Fascia:
An accessory whose function is to enhance the appearance of a wall. Also used to cover
the eave or gable of a building.
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlField Work:
Modification or rectification carried out on site.
Fin Neck Bolt:
Flat dome headed bolt used in framed openings, fascias, and mezanines.
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Finished Floor:
Top of the concrete slab or the finished concrete surface.
Fixed Base:
A column base that is designed to resist rotation as well as horizontal or vertical
movement.
Flange:
The projecting edge of a structural member.
Flange Brace:
An angle member extending between girts or purlins to the inner flange of columns
or rafters respectively, to provide them with lateral support and stability.
Flashing:
A sheet metal closure used to provide weather-tightness in a structure.
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Flowable Mastic:
Supplied in a nozzled cartridge. Used to seal overlapping flashing, gutter joints,
etc.://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlr
Flush Mounted:
A girt system where the outside flanges of the girts and columns are flush. The girts
are supported by the use of girt clips bolted to the column webs.
Footing:
Reinforced concrete base that provides support for a column.
Force:
The action of one body on another body which changes or tends to change its state
of rest or motion. A force may be expressed in kilonewton(s) (kN), or other similar
units.
Foundation:
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The substructure which supports a building or other structure. Usually constructed
in concrete.
Framed Opening:
Framing (headers, sills, and jambs) and flashing which surround an opening in a
building. Usually provided to accommodate field installed accessories such as sliding
doors, roll-up doors, etc.
Framing:
Primary
and
secondary
members
rahttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlfters,
(columns,
girts,
purlins,
brace cables, etc.) which when connected together make up the skeleton of a structure
to which the covering can be fastened.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Gable:
The triangular portion of the endwall of a building directly under the sloping roof
and above the eave height line.
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Gable Angle:
An angle fastened to the purlins at rake for the attachment of endwall sheets.
Gable Trim:
A flashing designed to close the opening between the roof panels and endwall panels.
Gage or Gauge:
The distance between holes along the transverse axis of a plate.
Galvanized:
Steel coated with a layer of zinc for corrosion resistance.
Girder:
See Beam.
Girt:
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Secondary horizonhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmltal member
attached to the main frame columns. Girts normally support wall panels.
Girt Clip:
Angle clips used to connect girts to the endwall columns.
Glazing:
Installation of glass.
Grade:
Ground level (or elevation) surrounding a building.
Grating:
Welded framework of crossbars used in flooring of equipment platforms, platform
walkways, catwalks and stair treads.
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Grout:
Non-shrinking sand and cement based mixture used under base plates to obtain a uniform
bearing surface.
Gusset Plate:
Steel stiffener plate used to help distribute load at a connection.
Gutter:
Pre-formed light gauge metal channel at the roof, along the sidewalls, or in valleys
of multi-gabled roofs for the collection of rainwater.
-------------http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html------------------------------------------------------------------
"H" Section:
A steel member with an "H" cross section.
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Hair Pin:
Reinforcement bars used in distributing forces from the column foundation to the floor
slab.
Handrails:
Horizontal and vertical pipes fixed to stair stringers, edges of mezzanine floors,
openings in floors and platform walkways.
Hangar Door:
A large multi-leaf door that is used in aircraft hangars or similar buildings.
Haunch:
Intersection of the column and rafter. Also referred to as Knee.
Header:
A horizontal member over an opening in a wall.
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High Strength Bolt:
Any bolt made from steel having a tensile strength in excess of 690 megapascal (MPa).
Some examples are: ASTM A325, A354, A449 and A490.
://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlparHillside Washer:
A washer having non-parallel faces normally used on brace cables or rods. Also known
as Bevel Washer.
Hinged Base:
See Pinned Base.
Hoist:
A lifting device that is mechanically, electrically or manually operated.
Horizontal Knee Splice:
Horizontal connection of the column to the rafter.
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Hot Rolled Shapes:
Steel sections (angles, channels, I-sections, etc.) which are formed, while in a
semi-molten state at the steel mill, into a shape having standard dimensions and
properties specified by relevant standard specifications.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Impact Load:
A dynamic load resulting from the motion of machinery, craneways, elevators and other
similar moving forces.
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlInsulation:
Any material used in building construction for the reduction of heat transfer.
Interior Bay:
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The distance between the center lines of two adjacent interior rigid frames.
Intermediate Rafter Splice:
Connection of two pieces of the rafter.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jack Beam:
A primary horizontal member used to support another beam, truss or rafter.
Jamb:
Vertical member at the side of a wall opening.
Jib Crane:
A cantilever boom or horizontal beam with a hoist and trolley.
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Joist:
A horizontal member for supporting the decking of floors or roofs.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Kneehttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html: See Haunch.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lean-To:
A structure dependent upon another structure for partial support and having only one
slope or pitch.
Liner Panel:
Interior wall or roof sheeting attached to the inside flanges of the girts or purlins.
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Lintel:
A beam (either concrete or steel) in masonry walls placed above doors, windows or
openings to support masonry above.
Live load:
Any variable load that results from intended use of the structure during its life
time.
Loads:
Anything that causes a force to be exerted on a structural member. Examples of
different types of loads are:
a. Dead Load
b. Live Load
c. Impact Load
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d. Seismic Load
e. Wind Load
fhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html. Crane Load
g. Auxiliary Load
h. Collateral Load
Longitudinal:
The direction parallel to the ridge line.
Louver:
A wall opening provided with slanted blades, fixed or movable, to allow flow of air
inside the building.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Machine Bolts:
Mild steel bolts conforming to ASTM A307 standard specifications.
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Mastic:
See Caulking.
Mezzanine:
An intermediate floor within a building above the ground floor that occupies all or
part of the building floor area and consists of columns, beams, joists, deck panels
and edge trims to receive reinforced concrete.
Masonry:
Construction materials such as bricks, concrete blocks and stone.
Moment:
The http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmltendency of a force to
cause rotation about a point or axis.
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Moment Connection:
A connection designed to transfer moment, as well as axial and shear forces, between
connecting members.
Monorail Beam:
A single beam support for a material handling system. It is normally a hot rolled
"I" beam.
Mono-Slope:
A building sloped in one direction.
Mullion:
A vertical bar or pier between panes or sections of windows and screens.
Multi-Gable Buildings:
Buildings consisting of one or more gables across the width of the building.
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Multi-Span Buildings:
Buildings with interior columns.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Notch:
A rebate. See also Concrete Notch.
--------------http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html-----------------------------------------------------------------
Panel:
A piece of roof or wall sheeting. See also Sheeting.
Parapet Wall:
That portion of the vertical wall which extends above the roof line at the intersection
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of the wall and roof.
Part Mark:
A number physically marked on a piece or packing that identifies each component of
the building for erection and shipping purposes.
Partition:
A non-load bearing interior dividing wall. It can sustain its own weight but does
not support the ceiling or roof and is designed to withstand a maximum lateral load
of 0.25 kN/m?
Peak:
The uppermost point of a gable. Also called Peak Point or Ridge Point.
Peak Panel:
Also known as Ridge Panel. Used to link and weather-seal roof panels on opposing
slopes.
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http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlPeak Sign:
A sign attached to the peak of the building at the endwall showing the name of the
manufacturer of the building. Also called Ridge Sign.
Personnel Door:
An access door.
Pier:
A concrete structure designed to transfer the vertical load from the column base to
the footing.
Pilot Door:
A small access door within one leaf of a sliding door. Also called Wicket Door.
Pin Connection:
A connection designed to transfer the axial and shear forces between connecting
members, but not moment forces.
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Pinned Base:
A column base that is designed to resist horizontal and vertical movement, but not
rotation.
Pipe Flashing:
Used in sealing roof penetrations.
Pitch (Hole):
Distance between center lines of holes along longitudinal axis of plate.
http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html
Pitch (Roof):
Slope of the roof
Plan: Details of a building as viewed from the top.
Pop Rivet:
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Used for joining flashing and light gauge metal trims. See also Blind Rivet.
Portal Frame:
Column and beam bracing used in lieu of standard diagonal cable bracing to provide
clear access.
Post-and-Beam Endwall:
A system of endwall framing consisting of vertical columns (posts), with pinned ends,
which support rafters (beams). These posts and beams are normally light members made
from cold-formed sections.
Pre-Engineer:
To design and detail components beforehand.
Pre-Fabricate:
To fabricate parts in the shop beforehand. To manufacture standard sections that can
be rapidly assembled.
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Primary Framing:
The
main
load
carrying
members
of
structuhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlral
a
system,
generally the columns, rafters, and/or other main support members.
Primer Paint:
The initial coat of paint applied in the shop to the structural framing of a building
for protection against aggressive environmental conditions during shipping and
erection.
Purlin:
A horizontal secondary structural member, bolted to the rafters, which transfers the
roof loads from the roof covering to the primary frames.
Purlin Extension:
A projecting secondary member used in roof extensions at the endwall.
Purlin Line:
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The line joining the extreme outer, or exterior, edges of the purlins parallel to
the frames.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rafter:
A primary beam member supported on columns.
Rake:
The
intersehttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlction
of
the
plane of the roof and the plane of the gable.
Rake Trim:
The sheeting item joining the roof and wall sheeting at the rake. Also called Gable
Trim.
Reactions:
The resisting forces, at the column bases of a frame, holding the frame in equilibrium
under a given loading condition.
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Revision:
A change that is made to the building design, component details, location of
accessories, etc.
Ridge:
The peak, or highest point of a gabled building, which describes a horizontal line
running the length of the building.
Ridge Flashing:
Continuous metal flashing used to close roofing material along the ridge of a roof.
Also called Ridge Cap or Peak Panel.
Ridge Connection:
A connection, between two rafter members, which transfers the moment from one side
of
the
connection
to
the
other
maintains,http://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.html
and
under
application of load, the same angle between the connected members that exists prior
to the loading. See also Moment Connection.
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Ridge Sign:
The manufacturer’s sign at the peak or highest point of the gable. Also called Peak
Sign.
Ridge Ventilator:
The ventilator used at the ridge line.
Rigid Frame:
A structural frame consisting of members joined together with rigid (or moment)
connections so as to render the frame stable with respect to imposed loads, without
the need for bracing in its plane.
Rigid Frame Endwall:
A system of endwall framing where the main interior frame is used at the endwall mostly
for the purpose of future expansion.
Risers:
The vertical rise of the steps of a staircase.
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Roll-Up Door:
A
door
which
opens
vertically
and
is
supported
on
a
shaft
or
dhttp://doc.guandang.net/bbc81b6c4139b733658dfddea.htmlrum and runs along vertical
tracks.
Roof Covering:
The exterior roof skin consisting of panels or sheets, their attachments, and weather
sealant.
Roof Curb:
Weatherproof flashing used on roofs to support power ventilators or ducting. Roof
Curbs can be fiberglass or sheet metal.
Roof Extension:
An extension of the roof beyond the endwall and/or sidewall of a building.
Roof Monitor:
Raised gable, or portion of the main building, located at the ridge, to allow lighting
and ventilation.
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