* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Canadian History 11 Methods and Tools Used to Investigate Our Past There are a number of methods for historians, archaeologists, and anthropologists to recreate our history. They must often take on the role of detectives; they must look at the artifacts they discover and decide on their purpose, how they were formed, what type of technology it was and the age. The following are useful terms when it comes to understanding the historian’s job: 1. Primary source: this method uses information from the time the event occurred; actual articles or stories from eyewitnesses. 2. Secondary source: this source uses second hand accounts of stories/information from people who are reporting, researching, or just retelling the event or information. 3. Anthropology: the study of human beings, in particular the study of their physical character, evolutionary history, racial classification, historical and present-day geographic distribution, group relationships, and cultural history. Anthropology can be characterized as the naturalistic description and interpretation of the diverse peoples of the world. Archaeology is a branch of anthropology. 4. Archaeology: the scientific study of the material remains of past human life and activities. These include human artifacts from the very earliest bones and stone tools to the man-made objects that are buried or thrown away in the present day. Archaeological investigations are a principal source of knowledge of prehistoric, ancient, and extinct cultures. The materials that are archaeology's subject of research and study include everything made or used by human beings: tools, utensils, weapons, ornaments, buildings, settlements, monuments, and inscriptions. 5. Legend: traditional story or group of stories told about a particular person or place. Legends resemble folktales in content; they may include supernatural beings, elements of mythology, or explanations of natural phenomena, but they are associated with a particular locality or person and are told as a matter of history. 6. Myth: a story, usually of unknown origin and at least partially traditional, that relates actual events to explain some practice, belief, institution, or natural phenomenon, and that is especially associated with religious rites and beliefs. 7. Forensics: the science used to gather information from fingerprints, insects, DNA, hair, blood traces etc. Scientists can study and perform tests on ancient skeletons (such as the Kennewick Man) to determine important information that will help historians more accurately interpret and understand the past. 8. Carbon-14 Dating: all organic matter (material that was once part of a living thing) contains a certain amount of radioactive carbon. Once the living thing dies, the quantity of this radioactive carbon it contains begins to diminish at a constant rate. In 5730 years, the organism will have lost ½ of its original amount of carbon-14. Using this information, dating can be determined for organic matter up to about 50 000 years old.