Download The Perfect Tense in Spanish

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Transcript
The Perfect Tense in Spanish
What is it /does it mean ?
• It is used in the same way as in English , when
you want to say “I have done”, rather than “I did”
• You do not have a specific time reference (as
opposed to the preterite tense), in most cases for
the recent past , and often for questions and
answers.
• Eg “have you done your homework?” ,”have you
visited Spain ?” (ever , in your life , no specific
time , at some time in your life)
• Answer “yes, I have visited Spain” , “No , I have
not done my homework”(all in Perfect tense ?)
How is it formed ?
• TWO words :
• WORD ONE (have):
• for “HAVE” , use present tense of “HABER” (NOT
tener )
• I have –
• You have-he/she/Usted has –
• We have
• You (plural /vosotros) have
• They have (also ustedes)
Word TWO
PAST PARTICIPLE
• As in English eg spoken , written , said , seen etc
(no good on its own except as an adjective in
some cases)
REGULAR ONES :
• -AR verbs –add –ADO to the stem
Eg hablar = HABLADO
• -ER and -IR verbs (will they be the same ??)
ADD –IDO to the stem
Eg-comer =COMIDO
Eg Vivir =VIVIDO
PUT THE TWO TOGETHER TO GET
PERFECT TENSE
•
•
•
•
•
I have spoken =
I have eaten =
I have lived =
IMPORTANTE :
Does the ending of the past participle ever
vary its spelling in the perfect tense when
used with haber ?Or is it always –ado or –ido ?
Do you always use HABER as the
auxiliary verb ?
• Which of the two words counts as the verb
when you are using a pronoun ? Can you
separate them ?
• Eg Have you done it ?Where to put the “it”?
• ¿En español ?
IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Abrir
Cubrir
Descubrir
Decir
Volver
Devolver
Disolver
Resolver
Escribir
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Describir
Freír
Hacer
Satisfacer
Morir
Poner
Romper
Ver
Aqui están !
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Abierto
Cubierto
Descubierto
Dicho
Vuelto
Devuelto
Disuelto
escrito
İY la segunda parte !
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Descrito
Frito
Hecho
Satisfecho
Muerto
Puesto
Roto
visto
Para resumir :
• Perfect tense always has 2 words ( in grammar terms -called a “compound
“tense ie HAVE + DONE
• The first word is always the verb haber in the present tense
(He , has , ha , hemos , habéis ,han)
• The second word is called the past participle –ar=ado, er/ir=ido , check
whether it is regular using the list(above) print it out and learn it , then
check in your head !
• The past participle NEVER changes in the perfect tense. When It is used in
other ways , as an adjective ,it does agree with the noun, like all
adjectives.
• DON’T SPLIT THE HABER from its PAST PARTICIPLE , it will become very
sad and bad Spanish !
• It is used to say what HAS happened , in the recent past , with no time
reference , exactly as in English –easy to decide when to use it.
• WARNING ! It is NOT EVER used to say HOW LONG you have been doing
something (use desde hace , or llevar + gerund)
Document related concepts

Latin syntax wikipedia, lookup

Pipil grammar wikipedia, lookup

Spanish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Polish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Serbo-Croatian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Yiddish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Italian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Portuguese grammar wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek grammar wikipedia, lookup

Kannada grammar wikipedia, lookup

Macedonian grammar wikipedia, lookup

English clause syntax wikipedia, lookup

Udmurt grammar wikipedia, lookup

Esperanto grammar wikipedia, lookup

Old English grammar wikipedia, lookup

Grammatical tense wikipedia, lookup

Bulgarian verbs wikipedia, lookup

English verbs wikipedia, lookup

Chichewa tenses wikipedia, lookup

Tense–aspect–mood wikipedia, lookup

Swedish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Pluperfect wikipedia, lookup

Lithuanian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Germanic strong verb wikipedia, lookup

Ukrainian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Inflection wikipedia, lookup

Old Norse morphology wikipedia, lookup

Germanic weak verb wikipedia, lookup

Sanskrit grammar wikipedia, lookup

Scottish Gaelic grammar wikipedia, lookup

Malay grammar wikipedia, lookup

French grammar wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek verbs wikipedia, lookup

Icelandic grammar wikipedia, lookup

Latin conjugation wikipedia, lookup

Danish grammar wikipedia, lookup