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¡HEMOS APRENDIDO HABLAR ESPAÑOL!
It’s obviously very useful to be able to say ‘I have…………….done
something’. The construction is Spanish is much the same as it is
in English – we use the verb ‘to have’ followed by the part of the
verb known as the ‘past participle’.
The only real difference is that in Spanish there is a separate
verb ‘to have’ specifically for this purpose – HABER.
This tense is a past tense known as ‘perfecto de indicativo’ or
‘pretérito perfecto’, is a compound tense, and can be learned in 3
simple steps!
STEP 1
First you need to learn the parts of the verb ‘haber’
that we need for this tense.
yo
HE
I have
HAS
you have
Nosotros
Vosotros
HEMOS
HABÉIS
tú
El/ella
we
have
you
(all)
have
HA
he/she
has
Ellos/ellas
HAN
they
have
N.B. it is important to remember that this verb ‘haber’
should not be confused with the verb ‘tener’ which means ‘to
have’ in the sense ‘I have got, you have got, etc.
STEP 2
The ‘past participle’ is formed very simply as
shown below, for regular verbs
PAST PARTICIPLE
VERB/VERBO
PARTICIPLE PASADO
‘AR’ VERBS eg.
TRABAJADO
TRABAJAR
COMIDO
‘ER’ VERBS eg.
COMER
VENIDO
‘IR’ VERBS eg.
VENIR
Obviously there are some irregular verbs, but this rule holds true for all
the regular ones.
STEP 3
Then all you have to do is combine the two:
He hablado = I have spoken
Oscar no ha venido a colegio hoy = Oscar hasn’t come to
school today
Hemos gastado todo nuestro dinero = We have spent all
our money
¿Has montado alguna vez una bici tándem? = Have you
ever ridden a tandem bike?
¡HEMOS APRENDIDO HABLAR ESPAÑOL!
We have learned to speak Spanish!
Here are a few irregular past participles
abrir
abierto
ser
sido
ver
visto
hacer
hecho
decir
dicho
escribir
escrito
morir
muerto
volver
vuelto