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Cardiovascular Review Guide
1. Which structure is responsible for moving oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart?
2. Which structure is responsible for moving deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs?
3. Arteries carry blood ____________ from the heart. Veins ____________ blood to the heart.
4. Which (arteries or veins) carries oxygenated blood? _______________________ Name the one vessel that
is the exception: ________________________
5. Veins and arteries meet at ________________________, where nutrients are exchanged with body tissues.
6. What is the myocardium?
7. Into what chamber do the superior vena cava and inferior vena cava empty blood?
8. What does the septum of the heart do?
9. What are the 4 valves of the heart? You must know their locations.
10. What is the pericardium?
11. What two pieces of equipment are needed to take a person’s blood pressure? Describe the procedure:
12. What are some factors that affect blood pressure?
13. What are the four functions of the circulatory system?
14. What are the four components of blood?
15. What do red blood cells do?
16. Where are red blood cells made?
17. What do white blood cells do?
18. What are the four blood types?
19. What are the four chambers of the heart?
20. What are the two types of blood pressure? What is “normal” blood pressure?
21. Where does blood from the right ventricle go?
22. Where does blood from the left ventricle go?
23. What is the pacemaker of the heart?
24. What are the blood vessels that make up the cardiovascular system?
Cardiovascular Review Guide
25. Blood that moves from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart again is in the ___________________
circuit. Blood moving throughout the body is in the ________________ circuit.
26. What is the purpose of valves in veins?
27. What side of the heart has oxygenated blood? Which side has deoxygenated blood?
28. Which blood type is the universal donor? Which type is the universal recipient?
29. Label the waves on the ECG graph below.
30. Matching
1. Angina
2. Myocardial infarction
3. Heart murmur
4. Arrhythmia/fibrillation
5. Varicose veins
31. Label the following diagrams:
a. valves that leak
b. blood leaking back into the vein causing swelling
c. prolonged blockage of the heart
d. pain due to decrease in blood reaching the
myocardium
e. irregular heart rhythms