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Power Supply Design
Stephen C. Petersen
EE123A, Fall 2012
March 14, 2012
A brief overview of how the obvious is not quite so
self-evident.
Begin with a system-level set of
requirements, necessarily including:
1.
2.
3.
An existing system that needs powering, typically expressed as a
high-level block-diagram. Team activity!
A power budget:
•
Identifies supply voltages and maximum currents.
•
Specifications for each supply “rail”:
•
Efficiency requirements.
•
Form-factor considerations.
•
Heat Dissipation.
•
Regulation and noise.
•
Safety and reliability.
Team schedules a power system concept design review.
This leads to a preliminary engineering design.
Engineering Design Considerations
1.
Voltage or Current Sources.
Most supplies are voltage sources; fixed or adjustable.
2.
Efficiency.
Linear regulators; Switching regulators.
3.
Power-On and Power-off transient behavior.
Sequencing of several “rails”.
Minimum or maximum voltage rise times.
4.
Power Dissipation.
Hardware layout and heat-sink; see NSC 1980 heat flow app note.
5.
Stability: Regulation; Tolerance.
Noise regulation.
6.
Use of Appropriate Diodes.
Schottky or silicon?
Recovery time.
7.
Analog and Digital isolation.
Ground loops and proper attention to bypassing.
Design References
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
AN-556
AN-1148
Heatsinks
AN-1229
AN-1118
AN-1149
AN-1197
AN-118
(Introduction to Power Supplies.)
(Linear Regulators)
(Important heatflow analysis basics)
(SIMPLE SWITCHER© PCB layout guidelines)
(Bipolar 12V supply from +5V)
(Switching layout guidelines)
(Selecting inductors for switching regulators)
(Novel circuit provides polar 12V from +5V)
Example Components
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
LM317
LP2950/51
LM3670
11DQ05/6
1N581X
LM25XX
Triacs
(Classic adjustable linear regulator)
(Low-power linear LDO’s)
(1MHz ultra low power buck switcher)
(Schottky diodes)
(Schottky diodes)
(Three single-sheet buck examples)
(Thyrister example)
Student Power Budget Examples
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Ex-1a
Ex-1b
Ex-2
Ex-3
Ex-4
(Glove Mouse 123A.)
(Glove Mouse 123B)
(Greenwharf 123B)
(Lex 123B)
(Radar Bird Detector 123B)
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