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Artificial
Inelegance (AI)
and Robotics
By James Brida
Overview
 History
of Robotics
 Where the concept of Artificial
Inelegance originated
 Where they are to day
 Where they may go in the future
History of Robotics
 Around
350 BC Greek mathematician
Archytas('ahr 'ky tuhs') builds “The Pigeon”
a steam powered bird which flew some
200 meters
 The first use of modern robotics were
simple fixed machines used in
manufacturing in the mid 20th century
Artificial Intelligence
 Definition
- the intelligence of machines
and the branch of Computer
Science that aims to create it.
 Frist concept from Greek mythos - the
bronze robot of Hephaestus
 McJohn Carthy first coined the term
Artificial Intelligence in 1956
Todays Robotics
 ASIMO
- "Advanced Step
inInnovative MObility“ created by Honda
in 2000
 TOPIO
- "TOSY Ping Pong Playing
Robot“ Built by TOSY in 2005
Todays Artificial Intelligence
 Several
Approaches
 Programming – writing code that is able
to change itself and add to the base
program
 Mechanical – designing chips that
emulate living organisms brains
Programming
Approach
 We’re
still not able to produce a program
or a robot that can make intuitive
guesses, infer things about others’ states
of mind, develop preferences or beliefs,
or perform many of the functions that
supposedly make human and animal
brains unique.
 We can however make programs that
can adapt to some extent, as well as
score up to 150 on a non-verbal IQ test
IBM’s Brain-Mimicking
Silicon Chips
 In
preliminary tests, these chips were able
to play a game of Pong, control a virtual
car on a racecourse and identify an
image or digit drawn on a screen. These
chips completed them without needing
specialized programs. The chips can also
“learn” how to complete each task if
trained.
Where are we heading?
 One
of the main goals of Artificial
Intelligence is to make life easier
 Cheap humanoid robots that can
complete undesirable or unsafe tasks
such as nuclear cleanup and flipping
buggers
Conclusion
I
spoke about the history of robotics and
Artificial Intelligence
 Some of the techniques used today
 And a few of the goals for those in this
field of research
 It is also my opinion that a Robot
Apocalypse is much more likely than a
Zombie Apocalypse…
Questions?
 Feel
free to ask.
Bibliography





"MegaGiant Robotics." MegaGiant Robotics. Web. 20 Feb. 2012.
<http://robotics.megagiant.com/history.html>.
"On365." Artificial Intelligence How Close Are We. Web. 20 Feb. 2012.
<http://www.on365.co.uk/Artificial-Intelligence-How-Close-Are-We.aspx>
"Geeks Are Sexy Technology News." IBM’s Brain-Mimicking Silicon Chips. Web. 20 Feb.
2012. <http://www.geeksaresexy.net/2011/08/20/ibms-brain-mimicking-siliconchips/>
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. http://www.wikipedia.org/
"Google." Google. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <http://www.google.com>
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