Download Phrases - Mrs. Murray`s English

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PHRASES
APPOSITIVE PHRASES
Definition:
Consists of a noun or noun
phrase that renames another
noun right beside it.
APPOSITIVE PHRASES
The appositive can be short or
long.
The appositive will ALWAYS have a
comma in front of it and behind it.
(and often starts sent.)
APPOSITIVE PHRASES
Examples:
The insect, a cockroach, is crawling across
the kitchen floor.
The insect, a large cockroach with hairy legs,
is crawling across the kitchen floor.
VERB PHRASES
Definition:
The verb phrase consist of the
main verb and one or more
helping verbs.
VERB PHRASES
A main verb can stand by itself as the simple
predicate of the sentence.
Example:
Many different people lived in the American colonies.
VERB PHRASES
Helping verbs help the main verb express
action or time.
Example:
Ships from England would bring
supplies to the settlers.
VERB PHRASES
Common Helping Verbs:
Forms of be
is, am, was, are, were, be, been
Forms of do
do, does, did
Forms of have has, have, had
Others
may, might, can, should, could, would,
shall, will
VERB PHRASES
Tips for finding the verb phrase:
1.
2.
Identify the main verb
Look at the words before the m.
verb and ask yourself do these
words help establish the action or
the time of the verb?
INFINITIVES
Definition:
An infinitive is the present tense verb
with the word “to” before it.
All the math teachers have papers to grade today.
INFINITIVE PHRASES
Definition:
An infinitive phrase consists of the
infinitive and the related words that
follow the infinitive.
Sandra wanted to buy the book.
INFINITIVE PHRASES
Infinitive phrases are used as
nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.
I hate to do laundry.
(What is the infinitive phrase and is it a noun, adjective, or adverb in the
above sentence?)
PREPOSITIONS
Definition:
A preposition is a word that is
placed before a noun to indicate
its relationship to some other
word in the sentence.
PREPOSITIONS
Most common
prepositions:
Other common
prepositions:
at
from
on
about
before
down
out
by
in
to
above
behind
during
over
for
of
with
across
below
inside
through
after
beside
into
under
around
between
near
until
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
Definition:
A prepositional phrase is a
group of words that begin
with a preposition and end
with a noun/pronoun (object).
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
Examples:
The man swam across the lake.
The man swam across the lake.
Through the woods to grandmother’s house we
go.
Through the woods to grandmother’s
house we go.