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PLC/BPL-An Ideal Communications
Platform For A More Intelligent Electric
Grid?
Bruce Renz
Principal Technical Architect
Amperion,This
Inc.
presentation contains
information that is copyrighted, and
www.amperion.com
is confidential and proprietary. Do
not copy, disseminate or distribute.
ISPLC Vancouver
April 6, 2005
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
Panelists
2
Bruce Renz
Amperion
Principal Technical Architect
Matt Oja
Idacomm
VP and GM BPL Deployment
Gerd Bumiller
iAd
Chief PLC Developer
Don Von Dollen
EPRI
Program Manager IntelliGrid
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
During the 90’s, With Increasing
Deregulation, Utility Investment was
Redirected to Non-Regulated
“Opportunities”
European wires companies
Overseas generation
Telecomm ventures
Energy trading
Other
3
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
4
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
Results Were Not Favorable
Sold overseas assets at a loss
Gave up on telecom
Enron killed energy trading
Lots of write-offs
Net result was a return to the core utility business
Renewed focus on electric reliability and customer satisfaction
Security
And pleasing the regulators
5
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
Massive Blackouts in the 90’s
6
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
The Quest for New Solutions
Convergence of industry thinking around a
smarter grid
This presentation contains
information that is copyrighted, and
is confidential and proprietary. Do
not copy, disseminate or distribute.
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
With Today’s Increasingly Inadequate Transmission Grid
and Long Approval Times for New Lines, the Practical
Focus Is Shifting to Distribution
Demand Side Management, Advanced AMR, Distributed
Generation and Distribution Automation Come Into Clear Focus
New Digital Technologies Make New Approaches Possible
8
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
Yeager’s 21st Century Transformation
Integrating communications to create a dynamic, interactive power system as a
new “mega-infrastructure” for real-time information and power exchange.
Automating the distribution system to meet changing consumer needs. The
value of electricity distribution system transformation—fully automated and
integrated with communication—derives from four basic functionality
advantages:
1. Reduced number and duration of consumer interruptions, system fault
anticipation, and faster restoration.
2. Increased ability to deliver varying “octane” levels of reliable, digitalgrade power.
3. Increased functional value for all consumers in terms of metering,
billing, energy management, demand-response, and security monitoring,
among others.
4. Access to selective consumer services including energy-smart
appliances, power market participation, security monitoring, and distributed
generation.
9
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
21st Century Transformation (cont.)
Transforming the meter into a consumer gateway that allows price
signals, decisions, communications, and network intelligence to flow
back and forth through the two-way energy/information portal.
Integrating distributed energy resources. The new system would also
be able to seamlessly integrate an array of locally installed, distributed
power generation (such as fuel cells and renewables) as power system
assets.
10
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
The GridWise Alliance
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© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
GridWise Alliance Declaration
12
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
RAND Study of GridWise Benefits
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© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
CEA’s Critical Technologies – The
Top 10!
1.
Asset Management IT Systems
2.
Asset effectiveness monitoring
3.
Fault detection and reporting, automated
4.
Broadband Over Power Line (BPL)
5.
Device self-reporting
6.
Maintenance, Reliability Centered
7.
Rates, market-based
8.
Modeling, real-time dynamic load
9.
Photovoltaic (solar cells)
10. SCADA network penetration
9 of the 10 are Information Technology related and/or dependent.
We are headed to a two way, information intensive system!
14
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
Regulators, Governments And
Standards-Makers Are Very Supportive
FCC
FERC
NARUC
OEB
CEC
DOE
IEEE
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© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
NARUC 2005 BPL Report
BPL technology holds promise for extending service
to underserved areas, facilitating broadband
competition, and enhancing both security and
reliability through a “smart grid.”
While operational enhancements have always been
of interest to the electric industry, the August 14,
2003 Northeast power blackout and its aftermath
broadened interest in the preventative measures that
might be achievable though BPL.
16
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
FCC and FERC Endorse BPL
Specifically, FERC Chairman Wood and FCC Chairman Powell believe:
that ubiquitous broadband deployment is important to the economic,
educational, social, medical, and cultural welfare of the country. In order to
achieve this goal, national policies should facilitate rapid deployment of all
broadband technologies, including BPL. Policymakers at all levels should
coordinate their efforts to promote a minimally intrusive policy framework for
such technologies.
that the provision of high-speed communications capabilities over utility poles
and electric power lines (Access BPL) provides an opportunity to increase
the competitive broadband choices that are available to customers and the
power supply system management options of utilities.
that Access BPL may help provide additional power supply system
communications and control capabilities to improve reliability and
efficiency. Such capabilities include “self-healing” network capabilities;
improved security from physical and cyber threats; facilitating use of distributed
generation; customer and utility control of appliances and equipment energy
use; improved load management and electric grid utilization
17
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
DOE’s 2004 Delivery Technologies Roadmap
“The revolution in information technologies that has transformed other
industries has yet to fully take hold in the electric power business”
“Greater use of distributed intelligence, smart controls, and distributed
energy resources, including demand response, will play an increasing role
in addressing the needs of the electric grid”
Integration to “optimize the flow of both information and electric power- in
real time, and give customers a greater opportunity for involvement in
electric markets”
“More rapid integration of distributed energy technologies and smart
systems for optimizing customer and local distribution system operations
needs to occur”
DOE's “Grid 2030-A National Vision of Electricity's Second 100 Years”
outlines the characteristics of a modernized electric grid
18
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
Advanced Metering Coming to
California; The Regulators' Vision
Advanced interval capable meters with communication
links will be installed on all customers.
Critical peak pricing will become the
default tariff for all customers. Customers
will have the option to ‘opt-out’ to realtime pricing or risk-adjusted time-of-use,
tiered, or other rate forms.
19
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
Ontario’s Smart Meter Edict
“A Smart Meter in Every Home and Business in the Province by 2010”
“A Smart Met“A Smart Meter in Every Home and Business in the Province by 2010”
Ontario Energy Minister Dwight Duncan
Ontario Energy Minister Dwight Duncan
er in Every Home and Business in the Province by 2010”
Ontario Energy Minister Dwight Duncan
Smart meters that are capable of recording hourly data for every
customer;
A two-way communication system that transfers data to and from the
meter by the distributor, including reading from remote locations, which is
not possible with existing meters;
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© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
IEEE Has Begun Development of
BPL Standards and Guides
Safety and Reliability
EMC
Media Characterization
MAC/PHY
IEEE BPL White Paper
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© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
BPL Can Enhance Utility Operations
DIAGNOSTIC MONITORING
LOAD and DISTRIBUTED GENERATION MANAGEMENT
Measure conductor temperature, line voltage, status of line
arrestors, fuses, line transformers, sag, etc
Analyze line noise (EMI analysis)
Gas and Corrosion monitoring
Improved real-time monitoring of underground networks
Better knowledge of electrical losses
Station to station networking
Detection of cable deterioration
Vegetation management
Detection of momentary outages
OPERATIONS IMPROVEMENT
Lineman access to maps, instruction books, etc
Condition-based Maintenance
Work management; crew reporting via PLC/radio link
Asset security monitoring
Real time power flow profile along entire line
Communications between/to substations
SYSTEM PROTECTION
Fault recognition and location
Adaptive relay setting
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Demand-side management
Real-time price signaling to customers
Dynamic loading of station transformers
Centralized dispatch of distributed generation
Islanding of distributed generation and matched loa
Circuit load measurement to trigger distributed gen. (peak shaving)
DISTRIBUTION AUTOMATION
Automation of line sectionalizing devices (recloser or switch)
VAR control (capacitors, regulator settings, voltage measurement
Isolation of faults; faster restoration
Verification that capacitor banks are switching as expected
Outage location (within 1,000 feet or so) and notification
Communication to coordinate premium power devices
CUSTOMER INTERFACE
Automatic meter reading (including high bandwidth applications
Home gateway (banking, bundled services,appliance monitoring
Service connect/disconnect
Energy theft detection
Prepaid metering
Pinpointing of power quality problem source
802.11 for customer representative applications
802.11 availability to police/fire
© 2004 Amperion, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL. COPYING, TRANSFER AND DISCLOSURE PROHIBITED.
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