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ESSAY QUESTIONS 1. Is lying ever morally justifiable? What about âwhite liesâ? Use examples to illustrate your answer. 2. âIf you donât cheat to get ahead youâll be a loser.â Discuss the morality of this statement. On what grounds is it justifiable or not? 3. According to what principles and in what situations might it be acceptable to break a promise? 4. Is stealing morally acceptable in some situations? Critically examine the arguments for and against stealing. 5. Compare and contrast the consequentialist and nonconsequentialist positions on some of these issues. Which position is the best overall and why? TRUE/FALSE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Lies of commission involve leaving out vital information. Kant would argue that we cannot universalize stealing, cheating, lying and breaking promises. Shakespeareâs character Iago in Othello is a wonderful example of honesty and truthfulness. âCheating is okay so long as you donât get caughtâ could work on a nonconsequentialist view. Cheats always prosper. Kant would say that breaking a promise is never justified. Stealing is acceptable on some consequentialist arguments. When asked by a prison chaplain why he stole from banks the great Willie Sutton replied: âcause thatâs where the money is.â 9. âEverything I say is a lieâ â âincluding what Iâve just said and including this sentence.â 10. Honesty is the best policy. MULTIPLE CHOICE 11. What philosopher believed that lying and cheating were always wrong? a) John Stuart Mill b) Jeremy Bentham c) Augustine d) The guy who sits next to you in class 12. A major argument against lying is that a) it gives unfair advantage to women. b) it misinforms the people lied to. c) it doesnât help anyone. d) men lose self-esteem. 13. âI know lying is bad but I just felt like it.â Who might say such a thing? a) Consequentialists b) Hippies c) Act utilitarians d) Act nonconsequentialists 82 Copyright Â© 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. All rights reserved.