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Virtues
Vices
Ends
Teleology
Happiness
The Mean
de
ren
li
shu
xiao
benevolence
propriety
ESSAY QUESTIONS
1. How are the virtue ethics of Aristotle and Confucius similar? Distinct?
2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Aristotelian virtue ethics. Compare with its
modern equivalents
3. Compare virtue ethics to both consequentialist and nonconsequentialist approaches. Of the
three, which is the best and why?
4. How does the notion of “self-cultivation” lead to influence of society more broadly?
TRUE/FALSE
11. Virtue ethics is the belief that good character can be developed.
12. Aristotle’s ethics relied exclusively on the emotions in moral life.
13. Confucian “self-cultivation” can be straightforwardly substituted for Arisotelian views.
14. Virtue ethics is a relatively recent development in ethical theory.
15. Virtue ethics dates to ancient Greece and ancient China.
16. Aristotle is concerned with action, not as a matter of the action itself being right or wrong,
but as it leads to the human good.
17. The Golden Mean (or the Aristotelian Mean) is the locus of virtue.
18. The deficiency of courage is rashness.
19. Confucian Harmony and Aristotelian Balance are comparable concepts.
20. Li is a matter of “ritual propriety.”
MULTIPLE CHOICE
11. Virtue ethics was most famously formulated in ancient Greece by
a) Parmenides.
b) Zeno.
c) The oracle.
d) Aristotle.
12. Who is the most significant modern proponent of virtue ethics?
a) Kant
b) Sosa
c) Macintyre
d) Nozick
13. Benjamin Franklin believed that the virtues were ______ in character.
29
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. All rights reserved.
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