Download Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Transcript
CHAPTER SEVEN
Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization
to South and Southeast Asia
World Civilizations, The Global Experience
AP* Edition, 5th Edition
Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert
*AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of The College Entrance Examination Board,
which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
Copyright 2007, Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman
Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia
The Islamic Heartlands in the Middle and Late Abbasid Eras
•
Abbasid empire weakened, 9th century – 1258AD, peasant revolts, civil war, Shiites remained
unreconciled (purges), succession not secure, imperial extravagance, tax burden increases,
agriculture suffers, Seljuk Turks (1055), Mongol Incursions
The Abbasid Empire at Its Peak
Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia
• The Declining Position of Women = Seclusion, veil, polygamy
• The Impact of the Christian Crusades 1096, Western European Christian knights small kingdoms
established, Saladin retakes lands last in 1291 (Kingdom of Heaven – Movie Night on January 16th 2:45pm)
• Flowering of Islamic Learning (Golden Age) = Urban growth where merchants thrive, Persian
becomes the court language for administration and Persian literature thrives (ex. Thousand and One
Nights), Arabic still used for religion, law & sciences, achievements in math (algebra) & sciences
(chemistry and medicine), Mohammad al-Razi’s medical encyclopedia, built on Greek work
The Abbasid Empire at Its Peak
Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia
III. The Coming of Islam to South Asia
• By 1200, Muslims rule much of north, central areas of both India and Africa
Conflict between two different systems
Hindu religion v. Muslim monotheism (many Buddhist convert)
Muslim egalitarianism v. Indian caste system
The Spread of Islam, 10th-16th Centuries
Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia
The Coming of Islam to South Asia
A. Political Divisions and the First Muslim
Invasions
The Spread of Islam, 10th-16th Centuries
First Muslims came as traders which leads
to peaceful conversion, 8th century
attacks lead to invasion (Delhi Sultanate)
Muhammad ibn Qasim, Indians treated as
dhimmi
B. Indian also Influences Islamic Civilization
Math, medicine, music, astronomy
India influences Arab
D. Patterns of Conversion
Converts especially among Buddhists,
lower castes, untouchables; conversion to
escape taxes, Muslims fleeing Mongols,
13th, 14th centuries
Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
CHAPTER SEVEN EIGHT!!!
Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization
to South and Southeast Asia AFRICA!!!
World Civilizations, The Global Experience
AP* Edition, 5th Edition
Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert
*AP and Advanced Placement are registered trademarks of The College Entrance Examination Board,
which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
Copyright 2007, Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman
Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia
I. African Societies: Diversity and Similarities
Political forms vary
Different religions
A. Stateless Societies
Kinship fundamental
B. Common Elements in African Societies
Bantu migration
one language base
Animism
cosmology
ethical code
C. The Arrival of Islam in North Africa
Part of Mediterranean
Arrival of Islam
Spain, by 711
Berber assist conversion in Western Sahara (Ghana, Mali, and Songhai)
Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 7: Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia
D. The Christian Kingdoms: Nubia and Ethiopia
Empires of the Western Sudan
Copts
Egyptian Christians
welcome Muslims b/c more fair than
Byzantium
spread to Nubia (Kush)
Ethiopia
heirs to Axum
A. Sudanic States
Rulers sacred
Islam
from 900s
supports state
B. The Empire of Mali and Sundiata, the “Lion
Prince”= gold trade
Mansa Musa (Timbuktu) and his famous
pilgrimage to Mecca (Salt and Gold)
brings back Ishal al-Sahili
beaten clay architecture
Stearns et al., World Civilizations, The Global Experience, AP* Edition, 5th Edition
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007