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Social Studies Unit 1 Age of Exploration Test
1. Which country led the Age of Exploration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Spain
Portugal
England
France
2.
Which of these was a factor for European Exploration?
A. Europeans were attracted by the possibilities of finding gold in the New World
B. The Silk Road had become too dangerous because of the Gunpowder Empire(Ottoman Empire)
C. Europeans wanted to travel to Asia so they could have access to the silk, goods and spices.
D. All of the above.
3. How did the Columbian Exchange change the lives of Europeans?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Many Europeans were shipped to South America as slaves.
Diseases from Asia came and devastated Europe’s population.
New crops from the Americas changed their diet.
Technological innovations from Americas changed their way of doing things.
4. After Portugal and Spain took over in the New World (South America and Caribbean) why did
other countries such as France and England do the same thing?
A. France and England did not want Catholic Christianity to be the only religion in the New World.
B. France and England had prisoners they wanted to get rid off and needed colonies for this
purpose.
C. France and England wanted the same power, gold and resources that Portugal and Spain had
acquired.
D. They felt the desire to explore
5. Which of the following best summarizes the theory of mercantilism?
A. Mercantilism granted independence as soon as possible.
B. Mercantilism is a policy that focuses on acquiring new markets and trading materials to help the
mother country.
C. It is the policy of creating and maintaining control over colonies in the New World.
D. It is a policy that was an economic burden for the colonial power.
6. Which was the most serious cause of death of natives after the Spanish arrived in Central
America?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Civil war
Smaillpox
Suiside
War with the Spaniards
7. What was the name of the trading system between Europe, Africa, and the Americas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Cross-continental
Triangular trade
Mercantilism
Colonialism
8. What was a negative impact of world trade during 15ththrough 17th centuries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
New products were introduced from around the world
Cheap products from overseas put local workers out of business.
Trade brought disease like smallpox, plague that devastated cultures.
It enriched their cultural diffusion
9. Why were small bands of Conquistadors able to conquer huge territories?
A. Many of the powerful empires were devastated by European diseases such as smallpox and put
up little resistance.
B. The Aztecs, Inca, and Maya were fighting each other which allowed the Spanish to easily
conquer the weakened states.
C. The South American natives use of horses could not match the power of Spanish guns
D. The Spanish were much bigger, better and smarter.
10. What did the development of compass, astrolabe, and caravel ship led to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Renaissance
European exploration of the oceans
Gunpowder Empires
Reformation
11. During the European colonization of Latin American, which of the following gave Spanish
colonists the power to force natives into servitude or slavery and to pay taxes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Encomienda System
Treaty of Tordesillas
Line of Demarcation
Triangular trade
12. Why was there a need for slaves in the Americas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Natives began to die from disease and more labor was needed.
Plantations moved to other regions of the world.
The natives were freed from forced labor.
A rebellion killed most Europeans in the Americas.
13.“ The stench of the hold…was so intolerably loathsome, that it was
dangerous to remain there for any time…The closeness of the place, and
the heat of the climate…almost suffocated us…The shrieks of the women,
and the groans of the dying, rendered the whole scene of horror almost
inconceivable.”
- Olaudah Equiano, 1789
In the quote by Olaudah Equiano, he describes ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Plantation life
Slavery in the Americas
A slave ship
The flogging of a slave
14. Which of these is considered to be one of the effects of the Columbian Exchange?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Europeans died from Native diseases.
Natives became rich from trade.
Triangle trade became less profitable
Horses were introduced to the Americas.
15. Which of the following does not describe the motivations which caused European explorers to
find a way to sail to Asia, otherwise known as the “3 G’s”?
A. God
B. Gold
C. Glory
D. Gift
16.
A.
B.
C.
D.
According to the map, where were most slaves sent to?
North America
South America
Mexico
West Indies
17.
A.
B.
C.
D.
According to the map, was is the total number of enslaved Africans?
8 millions
12 million
122 millions
65million
18.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Which of the following people was a conquistador?
Cortes
Columbus
Magellan
Vasco De Gama
19. What was the major cause of the native American genocide(complete wipeout Great Dying))
during the Columbian Exchange?
A. The Europeans had stronger weapons
B. The Africans spread diseases that killed many Native American
C. European explorers transferred deadly diseases to the Native Americans
D. Aztecs, Mayan and Inca civilizations fought for dominance
20.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Which explorer led and expedition that sailed around the entire globe (circumnavigate)?
Vasco De Gama
Ferdinand Magellan
Amerigo Vespucci
John Cabot
21.
A.
B.
C.
D.
What is an example of cultural diffusion?
The mix of beliefs between the natives and the colonizers
The spread of disease like smallpox
An economic system designed to tax peasants
A spreading of religion resulting in the loss of native religion
Write your answer based on the primary source interpretation:
Read the passage-“The True History of the Conquest of New Spain”-and answer the question below”
Document 1: Diaz The True History of the Conquest of New Spain
Let us state how most of the Indian natives have successfully learned all the Spanish trades…There are
gold and silvermiths…and carvers also do the most beautiful work with iron tools…Many sons of
chieftans know how to read nad write, and to compose books…Now they breed cattle of all sorts, and
break in oxen, and plough the land, and sow wheat, and thresh harves, and sellit, and make bread,
and they have planted their lands with all the trees and fruits, such as apples and pears which they
hold in higher regard than their native plants, which we have brought from Spain.
22. To what extend does this passage portray the concept of cultural diffusion?
Read the passage-“The Columbian Exchange” as found in World History and answer the question below:
Document 3 “ The Columbian Exchange” as found in World History
The European expansion into the Americas began exchange of plant and animal species that have
ultimately been of widespread benefit to peoples throughout the globe. The introduction of the horse,
cow and various grains vastly increased food productivity in the Americas. The cultivation of corn,
manioc, and the potato, all products of the Americas, has had the same effect in Asia, Africa, and
Europe. The “Columbian Exchange” as it is sometimes called, was a process that ultimately brought
benefits to all peoples.”
23. How did the Europeans and native Americans both benefit from the Columbian Exchange?
Use the map “European Exploration and Land Claims 1488-1610” to answer the questions below:
24. Which explorer was the first one to establish a trade route to Asia? Which country did he sail
for?
25. By 1600, on which continents did Portugal claim lands?
Read the passage-“Excerpts of Letter to Charles V” and answer the question below:
Document 2: Hernan Cortes Excerpts of Letter to Charles V “They have a custom, horrible, and
abominable, and deserving punishment…Whenever they ask anything of their gods, in order for their
request to be fulfilled, they take many boys, girls, men and women, and in the presence of their gods
they cut open their chests.While they are still alive they take out their hearts and entrails. Then they
burn the organs, offering the smoke as a sacrifice to their gods…No year passes in which they do not
kill and sacrifice 50 souls at each temple in their kingdom…I did everything I could to steer them away
from their false gods and draw them to our Lord God. Montezuma agreed that I probably knew
best…He said that as long as I taught the Aztecs our religion they would follow direction. Therefore, I
removed the statues of the false gods, cleaned the temples, and taught the people our religion. The
rest of the Aztecs did not accept the new religion that I was giving them. They did make sure, though,
that they did not sacrifice any more humans while I was in the city…”
26. How did the Europeans conquerors view Aztec sacrifice?
27. What actions did Cortes take in order to end the practice of human sacrifice in the Aztec
empire?
Answer sheet
Name:____________
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Date:_______________
Write your answer:
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