Name ________________________________________________ Date ______________________ Period ______ Ancient Greece Virtual Museum Webquest Activity Directions: Go to: greekgallery.weebly.com. Navigate the website and complete your packet. Read about the assignment before beginning. Section 1: Geography of Ancient Greece Using the website provided, label your map of “Ancient Greece and the Aegean World” as follows: a. Regions (black): Thrace, Attica, Macedonia, Thessaly, Peloponnesus, Asia Minor and Laconia b. Bodies of Water (blue): Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, Black Sea, Hellespont, Gulf of Corinth, Bosphorus Strait c. Mountains (brown): Mt. Olympus, Balkan Alps, Dinaric Alps d. Islands (green): Crete, Rhodes, and Ithaca e. Cities (red): Athens, Sparta, Delphi, Piraeus, Thebes, Olympia, Troy, Sardis, Byzantium f. Peninsulas (orange): Balkan Peninsula and Anatolian Peninsula Read “Geography Shapes Greek Life” and answer the following questions: 1. Identify two dominant topographical features of the Greek (Balkan) Peninsula. 2. What types of climate, vegetation, and agricultural cultivation is found in the Aegean region? 3. What advantages and disadvantages does the geography pose for the ancient Greeks? 4. List ways that geography and climate shaped Greek life and possibly Greek history. Section 2: Ancient Greek Architecture Read about Greek sculpture and drama and answer the following questions. 1. Why was the Parthenon built? 2. What did ancient Greek sculptures value? 3. What were tragedies often about? Name a few of the famous tragedy playwrights. 4. What were the usual the topics of the comedies? Section 3: Athens: The Birthplace of Democracy Read pages 5-7 of “The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome” and answer the following questions: 1. How did Athens begin to build a democracy? 2. Who was Solon and how did he reform Athenian society and government? 3. Explain how Pericles strengthen democracy in Greece? 4. What steps did Cleisthenes take to strengthen democracy in Athens? Look at the page, “Juries in Athens” that is on the webpage. 5. In what ways are the jury practices of Athens similar to those of the United States? How are they different? Section 4: Greek Philosophers Read “Socrates” and answer the following questions. 1. What were Socrates’ most basic philosophical principles, as outlined by Plato in The Apology? 2. Why didn’t Socrates write any of his ideas down himself? 3. What is the only thing that Socrates admits he “knows?” 4. List some of the basic ideas/principles of the Sophists. 5. Why does Plato feel that Socrates was a Sophist? 6. What is the definition given of the Greek work arête? Why is it critical in doing the right thing, according to Socrates? Read “Plato” and answer the following questions. 1. What does Plato mean when he talks about the world of Forms? 2. What is justice? Who defines its meaning? 3. How does Socrates challenge this definition, according to Plato? 4. Into which groups does Plato divided human beings? What is Plato’s criteria for this division? 5. Who rules this ideal society? 6. Why does Plato feel that a democracy is not the idea form of government? Read “Aristotle and answer the following questions. 1. According to Aristotle, how do we know that something is “true”? 2. What method does Aristotle use to approach a problem? 3. Where does Aristotle feel that complete certainty is not possible? Why does he take that view? 4. What are the four things that cause motion and change in the universe, according to Aristotle? 5. Why does Aristotle feel it is harder to be certain about the truth of major ethical principles? 6. How does Aristotle resolve this problem? 7. How was Aristotle’s philosophy fundamentally different from Plato’s thinking? Section 5: Alexander the Great Using the map of Alexander’s empire answer the following questions: 1. Onto which continents did Alexander’s empire reach at its height? 2. Which kingdoms succeeded the empire of Alexander the Great after his death in 323 B.C.? Read “Alexander the Great,” analyze the map of his empire, then answer the following questions: 3. What advantages/disadvantages did Alexander the Great have as he began his career of conquests? 4. How did Alexander the Great defeat the Persians? 5. Why did Alexander abandon his eastward expansion in 326 B.C.E.? 6. Why did Alexander’s empire ultimately collapse? 7. What is meant by the term “Hellenism?” Where was it most influential in the ancient world? 8. Identify some of the effects that Alexander’s conquests had on the Greek peoples? 9. Why can it be said that the Age of Alexander the Great marked the first truly international culture in history? Section 6 The Spread of Hellenistic Culture: Analyze the Greek Astronomy chart and answer the following questions. 1. Where were Greek astronomers’ ideas most incorrect compared with modern concepts? 2. Which estimate is closest to modern measurements? How could the Hellenists be so accurate? Read “The Spread of Hellenistic Culture” and answer the following questions. 3. List Hellenistic achievements in each of the following categories on the chart below. Category Achievements Astronomy Geometry Philosophy Art 4. Describe how the growth of Alexander’s empire spread Greek culture.