Text: Journey Across Time Study Guide Ch.: Eight: Section 1 Vocabulary: Be able to define these terms. legion: a group of 6, 000 soldiers Etruscans: a people that played a major role in shaping Roman civilization Aeneas: the Trojan hero of the epic the Aeneid republic: a form of government in which its citizens vote for its leader Apennines: the mountain range that runs the length of Italy II. Comprehension of Chapter: Be able to summarize Section I. The Italian landscape had an advantage over the Greeks: they had less rugged mountains. Historians are unsure about how Rome began. According to one famous legend, twins Romulus and Remus founded the city of Rome. The Etruscans played a major role in shaping Roman civilization. They were skilled in metalworking. The Romans overthrew the Tarquins, a cruel ruling family, and set up the republican form of government where people were treated fairly. Roman army was made of excellent soldiers. In addition to being tough and good fighters, they were also skilled in practical problem solving. Text: Journey Across Time Chapter 8: Section II Study Guide I. Vocabulary: Be able to define these terms dictator: a ruler with complete control over the state patrician: a wealthy landowner plebeian: an artisan, shopkeeper, or owner of a small farm Scipio: Roman general who helped win the Second Punic War veto: Latin word for “I forbid” II. Comprehension: Be able to summarize Section II. The patricians were the ruling class and top officials of the Roman Republic In 494 BC, many Roman plebeians went on strike to protest for equal rights. Roman Republic was unusual in they had dictators. The best-known early Roman dictator of the Republic was Cincinnatus. Around 451 BC, Rome’s first code of law was called the Twelve Tables Rome fought Carthage in the Punic Wars for control of the Mediterranean region.