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13. This man’s father was in the original tetrarchy, and as a result, he was sort of a hostage growing up in Nicomedia
under the Augustus of the East, where he may have been taught by Lactantius. When the Augustus of the east
stepped down, he had to flee Galerius. In his first ruling position, he concentrated on Gaul and Britain, but soon
was caught into the ensuing civil wars. In 312, he faced Maxentius in Italy, winning the battle of Milvian Bridge,
and later becoming the first Christian emperor. Who was this “Great” emperor who saw the chi and rho in the sky
the night before the battle? CONSTANTINE
B1. This man was the last of the Roman emperors in the West, abdicating to Odovacer in 476 AD. ROMULUS
B2. What man had divided the empire into east and west in 284 AD and established the tetrarchy, all while
persecuting the Christians? DIOCLETIAN
14. Identify which word has a different etymology from the others: solitude, isolate, peninsula, insular. SOLITUDE
B1. Identify which word has a different etymology from the others: transfer, legislate, translate, lateral.
B2. Identify which word has a different etymology from the others: capacious, capital capitulate, decapitate.
15. This man taught Midas and Eumolpus the Bacchic rites, and he is the son of Oeagrus. Killed by Thracian
Maenads, his head had prophetic powers floating down the Hebrus river all the way to Lesbos, and earlier he had
summoned Hymen to his wedding, but bad omens spelled disaster. Who was this husband to Eurydice who failed
to bring her back from the underworld in spite of his musical talents? ORPHEUS
B1. Who were the nine daughters of Zeus by Memnosyne, of which Calliope was Orpheus’ mother? MUSES
B2. Known as the Charites, these were the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome, and had individual names Aglaia,
Eusyphrone, and Thalia. GRACES
16. Seen in verbs such as esto, duc, fac, veni, tacete, and salvete, what is this verb mood which indicate a command?
B1. What verb mood is seen in the forms est, ducit, faciunt, venis, and tacemus, all of which indicate a statement
B2. What element of a verb makes it a finite verb? ENDING or SUBJECT
17. Translate the following into Latin: The slaves have praised the master. SERVI DOMINUM LAUDAVERUNT.
B1. Translate the following into Latin: The master was praising the slaves. DOMINUS SERVOS LAUDABAT.
B2. Translate the following into Latin: Don’t praise the slaves, master! NOLI LAUDARE SERVOS DOMINE!
18. He won his first triumph for an African victory before winning any magistrate, which earned him his cognomen
Magnus. Later the Senate granted him his first special command against Sertorius in Spain, and in 70 BC he won
the consulship as his first magistracy with Crassus. The Lex Gabinia of 67 BC granted him extraordinary
imperium in the Mediterranean to deal with pirates, and the next year, the Lex Manilia gave him command
against Mithridates in the east. A member of the 1st triumvirate, who was this son in law to Caesar and opponent
to Caesar in the Civil War, who also built Rome’s first theater in 55 BC? POMPEY
B1. What man previous to Pompey had won great victory in Africa himself, defeating Jugurtha, and going on a
run of seven total consulships starting in 107 BC? MARIUS
B2. What orator had supported Pompey and the Lex Manilia in one of his many speeches, which include In
Verrem, Pro Caelio, Pro Milone, and of course the Philippics, which got him killed? CICERO
19. Using the participle amatus, a, um, modify the Latin noun form rem. AMATAM
B1. Using the participle amans, amantis, modify the Latin 4th declension noun form manuum. AMANTIUM
B2. Using the participle amans, amantis modify the Latin noun form res. AMANS or AMANTES
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