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Rome
Stuff You Need to Know
The Legions
The Roads
The Law
The Latin
All Roads Lead to Rome
First
paved road called via Appia
(Appian Way)
over 310 000 km of road built
Roman Law: The Twelve Tables

Rome was among few societies that
developed laws that were codified (written
down) and fully analyzed by jurists

In response to pressure by the ordinary
people to break the monopolization of the law
by the patricians and upper class

Twelve Tables: written 450 BCE in Latin

Most laws related to civil matters

Formed basic legal procedures and
appropriate punishments

Roman law still distinguished between rich
and poor, freemen and slaves
Latin
•Romans spoke Latin,
which spread throughout
the Mediterranean
Greek was the only
other language to survive

For the next thousand years

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Latin was the language of
Roman government and legal system
became the international language
of the Christian church
education and scholarship
Latin still to this
day has a strong
presence in
language of
medicine and law
e.g. Canis lupus
familiaris
Examples of Latin
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Veni, vidi, vici
“I came, I saw, I
conquered”
Alter ego
“another I”
Bona fide
“in good faith”
Et cetera
“and other”
Cerebrum
“brain”
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Exit or exeunt
“He / she / they go out”
Habeas corpus
“you must have the fact /
body of the crime”
Via
“by way of”
Vice versa
“the other way around”
Et al.
“and others”
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