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Modern U.S. History
Chapter 25 Section 2 – Study Guide
Roosevelt’s New Deal
Pgs. 784-789
1. Immediately after being inaugurated President, Franklin Roosevelt called Congress into special
session known as the ____________________.
Generally speaking, what did Roosevelt and the Congress hope to create during this special session?
2. Explain/define the following terms. Then, explain how they relate to FDR’s Presidency and his
attempts to regain public confidence
a. Bank Holiday –
b. Fireside Chats –
c. Brain Trust –
d. New Deal –
3. The main goals of FDR’s “Hundred Days” are known as the 3 R’s – Relief, Recovery, and Reform.
Explain, in your own words, what you believe each of the 3 R’s to mean related to the Depression.
a. Relief –
b. Recovery –
c. Reform –
4. There were many people who did not agree with President Roosevelt’s New Deal. These critics
usually argued that the New Deal went too far, or didn’t go far enough. What were the main
arguments of each of the following individuals and groups in response to FDR’s “New Deal”?
a. Conservatives and Business Leaders (such as the American Liberty League) –
b. Louisiana Sen. Huey Long –
c. Fr. Charles Coughlin –
d. Francis Townshend –
5. Explain / Define: Social Security Act –
6. Who did FDR want to help when he passed the Social Security Act?
New Deal Labor Programs
7. How did the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 help to regulate businesses?
How did the Supreme Court respond the passage of this act?
8. National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)
a. What did it do? –
9. Define:
a. Congress of Industrial Organizations –
b. Sit-Down Strike –
10. What was FDR’s “Court Packing” idea? Why did he want to do this and what was the ultimate
result of it?
New Deal Agencies
Full Name
Purpose and Information
Civilian Conservation Corps
Employed thousands of young men across the country by improving
public lands, planting trees, clearing trails, and other conservation
Public Works Administration
Provided funds for construction projects such as roads, dams, and
bridges. It helped businesses
put people to work so that they had money to spend.
(Use the chart on pg. 787)
11. What problem did the FDIC seek to correct?
12. How could the FDIC make bank failures less likely?
13. Which programs as still in use today?
14. How did the PWA and the CCC help both those who were hired and the nation as a whole?
15. How did the 2nd New Deal help both young and old workers?