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AP Unit 2 Study Guide What were Justinian’s positive contributions to the Byzantine Empire? What tactics, weapons and military units did Chinggis Khan use? What was the capital and commercial center of the Byzantine Empire? What was the religious policy under Chinggis Khan? Which Crusade was most successful and why? What are the 5 pillars of Islam? What was the Ka’ba? What is the literal translation of the word Islam? What made the Ming dynasty significant? What type of culture did the Mongols have? Know the important facts about Chinggis Kahn’s early life Why did Moscow come to power in Russia? Why was Kublai Khan important? What was the most critical of the shifts that allowed sedentary civilizations to dominate nomadic peoples after the 15th century? What proportion of the European population died as a result of the 14th century plague? What events were the source of Western dynamism in the 14th and 15th century? What are the reasons that Italy emerged as the center of the early Renaissance? What is ethnocentrism? What continents were affected by Islam in the Millennium after 600 AD? Who were the Bedouins? What was life like for the pre-Islam Arabs? Who was Mohammad? (Know main information about him?_ What was Orthodox Christianity? What was the innovation of the Abbasid court in regards to women? Why were the practices of seclusion and veiling seen as essential in Islamic society? Who were the Seljuk Turks? Who was the Saladin? What was the function of secret societies in African culture? What regions were the important points of cultural contact between Africa and Islam? What was the Hagia Sophia What was the technological innovation that aided the Byzantine Empire in withstanding the Muslim siege of Constantinople in 717? What is the Cyrillic alphabet What were the Middle Ages What were Serfs, Lords and Vassals What were the common characteristics of the people of early America? What was the Aztec agricultural innovation? Compare and contrast the Incas and Aztecs What region of Africa was first converted to Islam by 700 AD? What is Feudalism? What is Manorialism? What happened when the Aztecs came to power? (overall life) Compare and contrast the Renaissance and Middle Ages Following Chinggis Khan’s death, what was the provision for the administration of the empire? How did the Mongols pick their leaders What were the powers of the papacy? Explain Arabic trade. What civilizations/dynasties did Chinggis’s Khan’s campaign against? What Chinese dynasty succeeded the Mongol Yuan dynasty in China? What were some of the contributing factors to the European economic crisis of the 14th century? In what region of Europe did the Renaissance begin? When did Muhammad receive the first revelations that were eventually written down in the Qur’an? What does the phrase “equality before God and inequality within the world” mean in relationship to Islam in Africa? What was the significant contributions of the Byzantine Empire Who was Emperor Constantine? What were Justinian’s major contributions? What were the major themes or cults of Aztec’s religions? What was The Thousand and One Arabian Nights about? Describe the intellectual atmosphere of the Middle Ages? Short Answer or Essay -Compare and contrast the Inca and Aztec civilizations. -Compare and contrast Western Europe and Eastern Europe in the first few hundred years after the fall of Rome. -Describe early Western exploration and colonization patterns and causes. -Explain Manorialism and Feudalism and how they provide the building block for medieval political structure and society. -Explain the decline of Buddhism in the later Tang and Song dynasties. -How did the Japanese importation of Chinese culture differ from that of Vietnam and Korea? -What was the essential dispute, within Islam, over the Succession to the Prophet? -What were some of the positive and negative affects that Mongol conquest had on the territories they invaded? -Why was Islam able to appeal to so many of different cultures?