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 What caused the major difficulties in
uniting ancient Greeks under a single
 The size of the region?
 the mountainous geography of the
 the independent nature of the people?
the mountainous
geography of the region
What did Athens and Sparta
have in common?
They were both city-states.
They were both democracies.
They were both military
They were both
During the Peloponnesian
War, more than one-third of
the Athenians died as a result
of _______________.
the plague
battle wounds
The plague
The Ancient Greek city-state
of Sparta stressed ______.
the safety of their people
the military
literature and the arts
The military
A phalanx was a type of
 mythical creature
 government body
 military formation
military formation
The Peloponnesian War
was won by
 Persia
 Athens
 Sparta
What form of government
did Athens have?
 a monarchy
 an aristocracy
 a democracy
a democracy
Government ruled by a small
group of nobles
Government where a single
person, a king or queen, rules.
Government where citizens
participate directly in political
decision making.
Government ruled by a few
powerful people.
City-state who valued
education and philosophy
City-state with the best
warriors in all of Greece.
City-state with a superior
At the age of seven, boys in
this city-state began
training to be warriors.
Who wrote The Republic, a book
that set forth his vision of a
perfectly governed society?
Why is it important that
Alexander the Great was a student
of Aristotle?
He taught Alexander all that was
known in the Greek world then.
He taught Alexander how to fight
by Greek methods.
He taught Alexander the
philosophy of stoicism.
Aristotle taught
Alexander all that was
known in the Greek world
 Why was Alexandria, Egypt, important
during the Hellenistic period?
It was where Ptolemy discovered the
sun was the center of the universe.
 It became an important center of the
Greek army and weapons production.
 it became the most important center
of Hellenistic culture.
It became the most
important center of
Hellenistic culture.
What effect did the sea have on
the Greek people?
 They became very good sailors.
 It encouraged them to trade.
 both of the above
both of the above
As the king of Macedonia, he was
able to conquer Greece but could
not complete his plan to conquer
Persia because he was assassinated
at his daughter’s wedding.
Phillip II
Alexander the Great
Phillip II
 Philosopher who wrote The Republic
which described his vision of a
perfectly governed society which was
not a democracy; instead it was a
society governed by a philosopher king.
 Socrates
 Plato
 Aristotle
Philosopher who developed rules
of logic, ultimately creating the
scientific method.
Egyptian city which was
the center of trade and
Hellenistic civilization.
Macedonia or Alexandria
Ordered to commit suicide for
“corrupting the youth of Athens”
and “neglecting the city’s gods”
 He was a brilliant military leader and
encouraged the blending of cultures.
 Phillip II
 Alexander the Great
 Alexandria
Alexander the
Alexander the Great’s tutor.
The Ancient Athenians
are credited with
inventing and using the
eliminating slavery
the first democratic
the first democratic
Which of the following
cultures was not part of
the cultural blend of
Hellenistic culture?
India, Persian or China