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Part I. Multiple Choice. Choose the letter that best completes the sentence or best
answers the question. WRITE IN CAPITAL LETTERS ON THE BLANK PROVIDED. (4 pts each)
1. _____ Galileo and Isaac Newton promoted the idea that knowledge should be
based on
A) the teachings of the Catholic Church
B) emotions and feelings
C) experimentation and observation
D) the experiences of past civilizations
2. _____ During the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, one similarity in the
work of many scientists and philosophers was that they
A) examined natural laws governing the universe
B) relied heavily on the ideas of medieval thinkers
C) received support from the Catholic Church
D) favored an absolute monarchy as a way of improving economic conditions
3. _____ The Scientific Method was all of the following EXCEPT:
A) a systematic procedure
B) based on collecting and analyzing data & evidence
C) crucial to the evolution of science
D) reliant on the use of ancient authorities
4. _____ He was the first to argue that the sun, not the earth was the center of the
A) Nicholas Copernicus
B) Ptolemy
C) Johannes Kepler
D) Isaac Newton
5. _____ Which statement best describes a change that occurred during both the
Renaissance and the Enlightenment?
A) feudalism became the dominant political system
B) a new questioning spirit and attitude emerged
C) technology and science were considered unimportant
D) the use of reason and logic were discouraged
6. _____ The discoveries made with the telescope and the microscope during the
Renaissance brought the scientists of the 17th Century to:
A) support absolute monarchies
B) question old scientific explanations
C) reject the scientific progress of the renaissance
D) think that machines were superior to human intellect
7. Who was the founder of the scientific method of discovery?
8. Which scientific revolutionary was able to mathematically prove the orbital path of
the earth was not circular?
9. This revolutionary witnessed and named the first supernova.
10. Who argued that everything in life has a spatial relationship that can be
mathematically measured?