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Dynasty Civil Service Han Dynasty Cultural diffusion What have we talked about, and what do you already know? Shang – 1600 – 1029 BC Zhou – 1029 – 476 BC Qin/Chin – 221 – 206 BC Han – 206 BC – 220 AD Sui – 581-618 Tang – 618 – 907 AD Silk Road (longest land trade route) ◦ Started by Shang, expanded by Zhou, Han, Tang Great Wall of China (longest wall on earth) ◦ Started by Qin, improved by Han, Tang, Ming Grand Canal (longest canal on earth) ◦ Built by Sui Dynasty Gunpowder (most destructive tool back then) ◦ Invented during Tang Dynasty On page 106 read the charts about Chinese Ethical Systems and answer the 2 questions at the bottom of the page Belief system created by Confucius in the late 400s BC during the Zhou Dynasty Main idea: if everyone maintains respectful relationships, society can prevent social chaos. ◦ The powerful people (husband, parents, ruler, boss, older sibling) take care of and are fair to the less powerful people (wife, children, citizens, employees, younger siblings) who have to obey the more powerful people Filial Piety is the key virtue: respect for family (including elders and ancestors) Created by Lao Tzu in 700s BC in China during the Zhou Dynasty. He wrote the Tao De Ching You can discover the Tao by understanding and working with opposing forces (yin and yang) to find balance “The best of men is like water” ◦ Quote by Lao Tzu ◦ What does this mean?