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Newton South High School US History 431 Mr. Stein World War II Study Guide This study guide is to help you prepare for the exam but does not include everything you will be tested on. You should review your notes from class discussion and primary sources and homework answers. Chapter 23.1 (p. 772 – 778) Terms and People totalitarianism Joseph Stalin Benito Mussolini Adolf Hitler Spanish Civil War appeasement Anschluss Munich Pact Questions to Consider 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. How did the Treaty of Versailles (WW I) not solve the problems and lead to WW II? How did Stalin and Mussolini rise to power? How did the Nazi party rise and Hitler come to power? How did the militarists in Japan come to power? What factors led to the appeasement of Hitler? Review all facets of this topic. What was important to know about the Spanish-Civil War? Chapter 23.2 (p. 779 - 787) Terms and People Blitzkrieg Axis Powers Allies Winston Churchill Neutrality Act of 1939 Tripartite Pact Lend-Lease Atlantic Charter Questions to Consider 1. How did FDR oppose aggression in an isolationist America. (refer to Power Point from class too) 2. How does war break out in Europe and what are the significant loses for the Allies? 3. What was significant about the Battle of Britain? 4. What were the arguments in the US for and against entering the War? 5. Know details about Lend-Lease, the Four Freedoms Speech and other significant speeches we discussed in class Chapter 23.3 (p. 788 – 795) Terms and People Hideki Tojo Pearl Harbor WAC Douglas MacArthur Bataan Death March Battle of Coral Sea Questions to Consider (Chapter 23.3) 1. 2. 3. 4. What factors led Japan to attack Pearl Harbor? What were the results of this attack on the American fleet? What other territory in Southeast Asia does Japan conquer? How did the US begin mobilizing for war? What was significant about events happened in the Philippines, theDoolittle Raid and Battle of Coral Sea? Chapter 24.1 (p. 802 - 808) Terms and People Dwight Eisenhower George S. Patton unconditional surrender saturation bombing strategic bombing Tuskegee Airmen Chester Nimitz Battle of Midway Questions to Consider 1. 2. 3. 4. What were the difference in the Axis and Allies strategy to win the war? What were the significant strategies and battles that turned the tide in Europe? What was the reason and results of the campaign in Italy? How did the bombing campaigns work? What strategies and battles turned the tide in the Pacific? Chapter 24.2 (p. 809 – 817)) Terms and People A. Philip Randolph Executive Order 8802 Executive Order 9066 Bracero progam 442nd Regiment rationing OWI Questions to Consider 1. How did the war affect the lives of women, African-Americans, and Japanese Americans/ 2. How did the war affect the labor market in the US? 3. How did the government and its citizens support the war effort? Chapter 24.3 (p. 818 – 827) Terms and People D-Day Battle of the Bulge Harry S. Truman Island hopping kamikaze Albert Einstein Manhattan Project J. Robert Oppenheimer Questions to Consider 1. What happened at the Tehran conference? 2. What were the strategies and events of D-Day (June 6, 1944)? 3. What were the significant events that led to victory in Europe? 4. How did Japanese soldiers show their resolve to not surrender? 5. How did the “island hopping” strategy work in defeating Japan? 6. What was the background of the creation of the Atomic Bomb? 7. What were the arguments for and against using the Atomic Bomb? Why does President Truman choose to drop the bombs?