Download EVHS Unit8 Organizer AP

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Early modern period wikipedia, lookup

Historiography of the fall of the Ottoman Empire wikipedia, lookup

Ottoman decline thesis wikipedia, lookup

Periodization 1:
Technological and Environmental
Transformations (to 600 BCE)
 Unit 1:Early Humans & River
Valley Civilizations
Periodization 2:
Organization and Reorganization
of Human Societies (600 BCE600 CE)
Unit 2: India and China
Unit 3: Greece & Rome
Periodization 3:
Regional and Transregional
Interactions (600-1450)
 Unit 4: Islam & Africa
 Unit 5: Byzantine Empire
& the Middle Ages
 Unit 6: Americas, China,
& the Mongols
Periodization 4: Global
Interactions (1450-1750)
 Unit 7: The Renaissance
& Protestant Reformation
and Exploration
Periodization 5:
Industrialization and Global
Integration (1750-1900)
 Unit 8: Gunpowder
Empires, Qing Dynasty, &
Feudal Japan
 Unit 9: Enlightenment,
Revolutions, & Napoleon
 Unit 10: Industrial
Revolution & Imperialism
Periodization 6:
Accelerating Global Change and
Realignments (1900-Present)
 Unit 11: World War I, Rise
of Consumerism, and Global
 Unit 12: World War II
 Unit 13: The Cold War
 Unit 14: Decolonization
& Globalization
EVHS - AP World History Organizer
Unit 8: Gunpowder Empires, Qing Dynasty and Feudal Japan
The Big Picture:
During the period from 1750-1914, the world saw a lot of major changes around the globe. As Europeans began to experience the
wealth of the Age of Exploration and Absolutism, their role in non-European areas increased greatly. This changing role of
Europeans would begin to have ripple effects in Asia. In Asia, the advancements in gunpowder technology allowed the Ottoman,
Safavid, and Mughal Empires to emerge and become powerful. Each of these Muslim “Gunpowder” Empires experienced a period of
prosperity and cultural flourishing. Meanwhile, China saw its population explode with the introduction of American crops and long
standing patterns of trade and culture continued under the rule of Kangxi during the Qing Dynasty. In nearby Japan, local
landowners called daimyos created a feudal system of loyal samurai warriors and peasant farmers. Eventually, powerful Shoguns
ended feudalism, unified Japan, and began a long period of isolation.
Unit Pacing:
2/1 – 2/4 The Gunpowder
2/1 – 2/4 Reading Assignment 1
1. Gunpowder Empires
15. Qing Dynasty
2/5 – 2/6 Reading Assignment 2
2/5 – 2/6 Qing Dynasty
2/7 – 2/8 Reading Assignment 3
2. Ottoman Empire
16. Manchus
2/7 – 2/8 Japanese
2/11 – 2/12 Review for Test
3. Istanbul
17. Kangxi
4. Sultan
18. Shinto
5. Suleyman the Magnificent
19. Japanese feudalism
6. Janissaries
20. Daimyo
7. Safavid Empire
21. Samurai
8. Shah
22. Shogun
9. Shah Abbas
23. Tokugawa Shogunate
10. Mughal Empire
24. Isolationism
11. Babur
25. Sikhism
2/11 – 2/12 Unit Test
Key Terms and Phrases:
12. Akbar the Great
13. Divine Faith
14. Taj Mahal
Essential Questions:
1. What were the accomplishments (in religion, law and/or art) of each of the following Gunpowder rulers:
(a) Suleyman the Magnificent of the Ottomans, (b) Abbas I of the Safavids, and (c) Akbar of the Mughals?
2. How did China change during the era of the Qing Dynasty and Emperor Kangxi?
3. What was Japan like when it was ruled by (a) the daimyo and (b) the Tokugawa Shogunate?
1C, 1D, 4D, 4E,
4F, 7D, 7E,
23A, 25A, 26B
Reading Assignment 1 – Chapter 20
1. A _____________________ nomadic people migrating from
the central steppes of Asia founded the Ottoman dynasty.
2. The Ottomans finally put an end to the ancient
_________________ empire.
3. The Ottomans got their name form ___________________
an early leader.
4. The original base of the Ottoman Empire was
5. The Ottoman rise to power was temporarily set back in 1402
C.E. from an invasion by the ______________________. But
it was restored under the leadership of
6. The Ottoman’s conquered Constantinople in ___________ C.E.
7. ______________________________________ made
possible the capture of major island bases on Rhodes, Crete,
and Cyprus.
8. When did the Ottoman army lay siege to the capital of the
Austrian Habsburg dynasty of Vienna?
9. The Ottoman cavalry, chiefly responsible for the successes of
the 13th to the 16th centuries, gradually developed into a
10. The Ottoman’s had infantry divisions made up of troops
forcibly conscripted from conquered areas. They were called
11. What permitted the Janissaries to gain a position of
prominence in the Ottoman Empire?
12. How did the sultan maintain his position as absolute monarch?
13. Commerce within the empire was in the hands of
________________________ trading groups.
14. One major problem of Ottoman rulers was that like the
Abbasid caliphs, the Ottoman sultans
15. The head of the Ottoman central bureaucracy was the
16. Like earlier Muslim dynasties, the Ottomans lacked a
___________________________________, a fact that led
to protracted warfare.
17. What did the Ottoman ruler do to Constantinople following its
fall in 1435?
18. Define the term Bosporus.
19. Define the term Ottoman Coffeehouse.
20. In what way were the artisans of Constantinople similar to
their counterparts in the West?
21. What was the chosen language of the Ottoman court?
22. The Ottoman dynasty endured for more than ____________
years, a feat matched by no other in all of human history.
23. The Ottoman Empire lasted until the___________________.
24. List the four forces that undermined the Ottoman Empire
from below.
A) Possibilities for new
B) Corruption in
C) Poorly regulated local officials
D) Peasant
25. The decline in the caliber of Ottoman emperors had
devastating effects on the empire.
26. Why did the Ottoman Empire fall behind their European rivals
in the critical art of waging war?
27. The end of Ottoman dominance on the sea came in the 16th
century at the Battle of _______________________ when a
combined Spanish and Venetian fleet defeated them.
28. What three effects did European exploration and dominance
of the seas have on the Ottoman Empire?
29. Which group most represented such extreme conservatism
within the Ottoman Empire that reform was frustrated?
Reading Assignment 2
1. Like the Ottomans, the ____________________ arose
from the struggles of the rival Turkic nomadic groups.
2. The Safavids rose to the
_________________________________ of highly
militant strain of Islam.
3. The Safavids dynasty had its origin in a family of
_________ mystics and religious preachers.
4. _______________ a Sufi who began a militant campaign
to purify and reform Islam and spread Muslim teachings
among Turkic tribes.
5. Safavid followers were called ___________________
because of their distinctive headgears.
6. _______________, a surviving Sufi commander, led his
Turkic followers to a string of victories.
17. Under ______________________, the empire reached
the height of its strength and prosperity.
7. In 1501 Isma’il armies captured the city of
18. They were gradually transformed into a
____________________________ comparable to that
in the Ottoman domains.
8. The Isma’il followers conquered most of Persia and drove
the ____________ back into central Asian steppe.
9. In ____________________ , the two empires met in one
of the most fateful battle in Islamic history.
19. To counterbalance the threat, Safavid rulers recruited
_________________ for positions at the court.
20. Abbas I was known as ___________________________.
10. The two empires met at ____________________, more
than a battle between the two most powerful dynasties.
21. The Janissaries ______________________________
which were wholly dependent on Abba’s support.
11. The _________________ were dealt a devastating
22. By the end of Abba’s reign he built up an army of
12. Thus, their victory at Childiran buttressed the Ottoman’s
effort to build the most ________________ empire in
Islamic world.
23. The Safavid family was originally of ____________ stock.
13. The latters’ capital at ___________ was too far from
Ottoman supply areas to be held through the approaching
25. The ______________ were both local mosque officials
and prayer leaders.
24. The imams were successors of __________________.
14. The defeat at Childiran put an end to Isma’il’s dreams of
further _______________________________.
26. When the dynasty weakened some of the
____________________________ grew more
15. Isma’il returned to his palace and tried to escape his
trembles through _______________.
27. Abbas I devoted special attention to his capital of
16. ______________________ won the throne after Isma’il
and set about restoring the power of the dynasty.
28. ____________ faced legal and social disadvantages
comparable to those we have encountered in most civilized
areas to far?
29. By _______________ Isfahan was besieged by Afghani
30. A soldier adventurous named
_______________________________ eventually
emerged victorious from these bloody struggles.
31. In _________ Nadir Khan proclaimed himself shah.
Reading Assignment 3
1. ___________ founded the Mughal dynasty.
2. ___________ had much as a base on which to build an
3. In 1526, Babur entered India at the head of an
experienced and well-organized ________.
4. At _____________ , north of Delhi, his army of 12,000
met the huge force of more than 100,000.
5. Babur’s forces had superior firepower and ___________.
6. ______________ trampled thousands of Lodi
7. Babur died and left _____________ to inherit the newly
founded kingdom.
8. Humayan won his first battle at age ____.
9. By 1540, Humayan was forced into exile and fled to
10. Humayan’s successor, ____________, was only 13 years
old, the Mughal’s enemies moved quickly to take advantage
of what they saw as a very favorable turn of events.
11. Akbar had a vision of empire and sense of mission that
hinged on ___________ India under his rule.
12. Akbar found time to carry out __________________ and
invent his own universalistic religion.
13. Akbar abolished the ___________, or head tax, that
earlier Muslim rulers had levied on.
14. Blending elements of many religions, he invented a new
faith, the ________________ that he believed could
unite his Hindu and Muslim subjects.
15. Akbar sought to establish __________________ for the
large population of beggars and vagabonds in the large
16. He encouraged widow remarriage and discouraged
17. Neither of his successors
______________________________ added much
territory to the empire.
18. _____________________ had become one of the major
overseas destinations for European traders.
19. The 17th and 18th century rage for Indian textile products
is reflected from
_______________________________ written in
England in 1696.
20. The Mughal emperor ________________ succeeded Shah
21. Jahangir and Shah Jahan are best remembered as two of
the greatest ______________________________ in
human history.
22. Both built some of the most stunning architectural works
like the __________________.
23. Indian artisans used gleaming _______________ in place
of ceramic tiles the Persians used to finish their mosques
and tombs.
24. Jahangir’s wife, _______________, continually amassed
power as he became more and more addicted to wine and
25. Shah Jahan’s consort, ___________________, also
became actively involved in court politics.
26. Shah Jahan was buried next to his wife in the
27. The birth of a son was greeted with
28. By the time of his death in 1707, after nearly 50 years,
__________________ had conquered most of the
subcontinent and extended Mughal control as far north as
Kabul (Afghanistan).
29. Aurangzeb’s ______________________ weakened the
internal alliances and disrupted the social peace.
30. By the end of Aurangzeb’s reign, the Mughal empire was
larger than it had been under any earlier emperors, but it
was also more __________________.