COURSE OUTLINE Periodization 1: Technological and Environmental Transformations (to 600 BCE) Unit 1:Early Humans & River Valley Civilizations Periodization 2: Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies (600 BCE600 CE) Unit 2: India and China Unit 3: Greece & Rome Periodization 3: Regional and Transregional Interactions (600-1450) Unit 4: Islam & Africa Unit 5: Byzantine Empire & the Middle Ages Unit 6: Americas, China, & the Mongols Periodization 4: Global Interactions (1450-1750) Unit 7: The Renaissance & Protestant Reformation and Exploration Periodization 5: Industrialization and Global Integration (1750-1900) Unit 8: Gunpowder Empires, Qing Dynasty, & Feudal Japan Unit 9: Enlightenment, Revolutions, & Napoleon Unit 10: Industrial Revolution & Imperialism Periodization 6: Accelerating Global Change and Realignments (1900-Present) Unit 11: World War I, Rise of Consumerism, and Global Depression Unit 12: World War II Unit 13: The Cold War Unit 14: Decolonization & Globalization EVHS - AP World History Organizer Unit 8: Gunpowder Empires, Qing Dynasty and Feudal Japan The Big Picture: During the period from 1750-1914, the world saw a lot of major changes around the globe. As Europeans began to experience the wealth of the Age of Exploration and Absolutism, their role in non-European areas increased greatly. This changing role of Europeans would begin to have ripple effects in Asia. In Asia, the advancements in gunpowder technology allowed the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires to emerge and become powerful. Each of these Muslim “Gunpowder” Empires experienced a period of prosperity and cultural flourishing. Meanwhile, China saw its population explode with the introduction of American crops and long standing patterns of trade and culture continued under the rule of Kangxi during the Qing Dynasty. In nearby Japan, local landowners called daimyos created a feudal system of loyal samurai warriors and peasant farmers. Eventually, powerful Shoguns ended feudalism, unified Japan, and began a long period of isolation. Unit Pacing: Homework 2/1 – 2/4 The Gunpowder Empires 2/1 – 2/4 Reading Assignment 1 1. Gunpowder Empires 15. Qing Dynasty 2/5 – 2/6 Reading Assignment 2 2/5 – 2/6 Qing Dynasty 2/7 – 2/8 Reading Assignment 3 2. Ottoman Empire 16. Manchus 2/7 – 2/8 Japanese Feudalism 2/11 – 2/12 Review for Test 3. Istanbul 17. Kangxi 4. Sultan 18. Shinto 5. Suleyman the Magnificent 19. Japanese feudalism 6. Janissaries 20. Daimyo 7. Safavid Empire 21. Samurai 8. Shah 22. Shogun 9. Shah Abbas 23. Tokugawa Shogunate 10. Mughal Empire 24. Isolationism 11. Babur 25. Sikhism 2/11 – 2/12 Unit Test Key Terms and Phrases: 12. Akbar the Great 13. Divine Faith 14. Taj Mahal Essential Questions: 1. What were the accomplishments (in religion, law and/or art) of each of the following Gunpowder rulers: (a) Suleyman the Magnificent of the Ottomans, (b) Abbas I of the Safavids, and (c) Akbar of the Mughals? 2. How did China change during the era of the Qing Dynasty and Emperor Kangxi? 3. What was Japan like when it was ruled by (a) the daimyo and (b) the Tokugawa Shogunate? TEKS 1C, 1D, 4D, 4E, 4F, 7D, 7E, 23A, 25A, 26B Reading Assignment 1 – Chapter 20 1. A _____________________ nomadic people migrating from the central steppes of Asia founded the Ottoman dynasty. 2. The Ottomans finally put an end to the ancient _________________ empire. 3. The Ottomans got their name form ___________________ an early leader. 4. The original base of the Ottoman Empire was ________________________. 5. The Ottoman rise to power was temporarily set back in 1402 C.E. from an invasion by the ______________________. But it was restored under the leadership of ______________________. 6. The Ottoman’s conquered Constantinople in ___________ C.E. 7. ______________________________________ made possible the capture of major island bases on Rhodes, Crete, and Cyprus. 8. When did the Ottoman army lay siege to the capital of the Austrian Habsburg dynasty of Vienna? 9. The Ottoman cavalry, chiefly responsible for the successes of the 13th to the 16th centuries, gradually developed into a ___________________________________. 10. The Ottoman’s had infantry divisions made up of troops forcibly conscripted from conquered areas. They were called ______________________________. 11. What permitted the Janissaries to gain a position of prominence in the Ottoman Empire? 12. How did the sultan maintain his position as absolute monarch? 13. Commerce within the empire was in the hands of ________________________ trading groups. 14. One major problem of Ottoman rulers was that like the Abbasid caliphs, the Ottoman sultans ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 15. The head of the Ottoman central bureaucracy was the ______________________. 16. Like earlier Muslim dynasties, the Ottomans lacked a ___________________________________, a fact that led to protracted warfare. 17. What did the Ottoman ruler do to Constantinople following its fall in 1435? 18. Define the term Bosporus. 19. Define the term Ottoman Coffeehouse. 20. In what way were the artisans of Constantinople similar to their counterparts in the West? 21. What was the chosen language of the Ottoman court? 22. The Ottoman dynasty endured for more than ____________ years, a feat matched by no other in all of human history. 23. The Ottoman Empire lasted until the___________________. 24. List the four forces that undermined the Ottoman Empire from below. A) Possibilities for new B) Corruption in C) Poorly regulated local officials D) Peasant 25. The decline in the caliber of Ottoman emperors had devastating effects on the empire. A) B) 26. Why did the Ottoman Empire fall behind their European rivals in the critical art of waging war? 27. The end of Ottoman dominance on the sea came in the 16th century at the Battle of _______________________ when a combined Spanish and Venetian fleet defeated them. 28. What three effects did European exploration and dominance of the seas have on the Ottoman Empire? A) B) C) 29. Which group most represented such extreme conservatism within the Ottoman Empire that reform was frustrated? Reading Assignment 2 1. Like the Ottomans, the ____________________ arose from the struggles of the rival Turkic nomadic groups. 2. The Safavids rose to the _________________________________ of highly militant strain of Islam. 3. The Safavids dynasty had its origin in a family of _________ mystics and religious preachers. 4. _______________ a Sufi who began a militant campaign to purify and reform Islam and spread Muslim teachings among Turkic tribes. 5. Safavid followers were called ___________________ because of their distinctive headgears. 6. _______________, a surviving Sufi commander, led his Turkic followers to a string of victories. 17. Under ______________________, the empire reached the height of its strength and prosperity. 7. In 1501 Isma’il armies captured the city of ____________. 18. They were gradually transformed into a ____________________________ comparable to that in the Ottoman domains. 8. The Isma’il followers conquered most of Persia and drove the ____________ back into central Asian steppe. 9. In ____________________ , the two empires met in one of the most fateful battle in Islamic history. 19. To counterbalance the threat, Safavid rulers recruited _________________ for positions at the court. 20. Abbas I was known as ___________________________. 10. The two empires met at ____________________, more than a battle between the two most powerful dynasties. 21. The Janissaries ______________________________ which were wholly dependent on Abba’s support. 11. The _________________ were dealt a devastating defeat. 22. By the end of Abba’s reign he built up an army of _________________________________. 12. Thus, their victory at Childiran buttressed the Ottoman’s effort to build the most ________________ empire in Islamic world. 23. The Safavid family was originally of ____________ stock. 13. The latters’ capital at ___________ was too far from Ottoman supply areas to be held through the approaching winter. 25. The ______________ were both local mosque officials and prayer leaders. 24. The imams were successors of __________________. 14. The defeat at Childiran put an end to Isma’il’s dreams of further _______________________________. 26. When the dynasty weakened some of the ____________________________ grew more independent. 15. Isma’il returned to his palace and tried to escape his trembles through _______________. 27. Abbas I devoted special attention to his capital of _______________. 16. ______________________ won the throne after Isma’il and set about restoring the power of the dynasty. 28. ____________ faced legal and social disadvantages comparable to those we have encountered in most civilized areas to far? 29. By _______________ Isfahan was besieged by Afghani tribes. 30. A soldier adventurous named _______________________________ eventually emerged victorious from these bloody struggles. 31. In _________ Nadir Khan proclaimed himself shah. Reading Assignment 3 1. ___________ founded the Mughal dynasty. 2. ___________ had much as a base on which to build an empire. 3. In 1526, Babur entered India at the head of an experienced and well-organized ________. 4. At _____________ , north of Delhi, his army of 12,000 met the huge force of more than 100,000. 5. Babur’s forces had superior firepower and ___________. 6. ______________ trampled thousands of Lodi infantrymen. 7. Babur died and left _____________ to inherit the newly founded kingdom. 8. Humayan won his first battle at age ____. 9. By 1540, Humayan was forced into exile and fled to _________. 10. Humayan’s successor, ____________, was only 13 years old, the Mughal’s enemies moved quickly to take advantage of what they saw as a very favorable turn of events. 11. Akbar had a vision of empire and sense of mission that hinged on ___________ India under his rule. 12. Akbar found time to carry out __________________ and invent his own universalistic religion. 13. Akbar abolished the ___________, or head tax, that earlier Muslim rulers had levied on. 14. Blending elements of many religions, he invented a new faith, the ________________ that he believed could unite his Hindu and Muslim subjects. 15. Akbar sought to establish __________________ for the large population of beggars and vagabonds in the large cities. 16. He encouraged widow remarriage and discouraged __________________. 17. Neither of his successors ______________________________ added much territory to the empire. 18. _____________________ had become one of the major overseas destinations for European traders. 19. The 17th and 18th century rage for Indian textile products is reflected from _______________________________ written in England in 1696. 20. The Mughal emperor ________________ succeeded Shah Jahan. 21. Jahangir and Shah Jahan are best remembered as two of the greatest ______________________________ in human history. 22. Both built some of the most stunning architectural works like the __________________. 23. Indian artisans used gleaming _______________ in place of ceramic tiles the Persians used to finish their mosques and tombs. 24. Jahangir’s wife, _______________, continually amassed power as he became more and more addicted to wine and opium. 25. Shah Jahan’s consort, ___________________, also became actively involved in court politics. 26. Shah Jahan was buried next to his wife in the ___________________. 27. The birth of a son was greeted with _________________________________. 28. By the time of his death in 1707, after nearly 50 years, __________________ had conquered most of the subcontinent and extended Mughal control as far north as Kabul (Afghanistan). 29. Aurangzeb’s ______________________ weakened the internal alliances and disrupted the social peace. 30. By the end of Aurangzeb’s reign, the Mughal empire was larger than it had been under any earlier emperors, but it was also more __________________.