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Transcript
Media Software
Program
Function
Media Player Extensions Explained
WAVE Audio File
Standard digital audio file format for storing waveform data; allows audio recordings to be
saved with different sampling rates and bitrates; often used to save CD-quality audio. WAV
(WAVE) files are similar to .AIF files, but they use a more complex format and are more
common on Windows-based systems.
Windows Media Audio File
Audio file compressed with Windows Media compression; proprietary format developed by
Microsoft, similar to the .MP3 format; can be converted to other more standardized formats;
often used for playing music from the Web; Windows Media video files use a .WMV extension.
Advanced Audio Coding File
Compressed audio file similar to a .MP3 file, but offers several performance improvements;
examples include a higher coding efficiency for both stationary and transient signals, a simpler
filterbank, and better handling of frequencies above 16 kHz; maintains quality nearly
indistinguishable from the original audio source. AAC is the default encoding used by Apple
iTunes software.
MP3 Audio File
Compressed audio format developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group; uses “Layer 3”
audio compression; commonly used to store music files and audiobooks on a hard drive; may
provide near-CD quality sound (stereo, 16-bit) in a file roughly 1/10 the size of a .WAV or .AIF
file. The quality of an MP3 file depends largely on the bit rate used for compression; common
bit rates are 128, 160, 192, and 256 kbps; higher bit rates result in higher quality files that also
require more disk space. MP3 files are supported by most portable music players, such as the
Apple iPod and Microsoft Zune; they can also be played on the Amazon Kindle; Symbian OS
mobile phones can play MP3 files using the UltraMP3 program.
DVD Video Object File
Movie data file from a DVD disc, typically stored in the VIDEO_TS folder; contains the majority
of data stored on the disc including video, audio, and subtitles; usually formatted as an MPEG2 system stream and can be opened by various video playback programs.
Moving Picture Experts Group
MPEG-2 is widely used as the format of digital television signals that are broadcast by
terrestrial (over-the-air), cable, and direct broadcast satellite TV systems. It also specifies the
format of movies and other programs that are distributed on DVD and similar discs. As such,
TV stations, TV receivers, DVD players, and other equipment are often designed to this
standard. MPEG-2 was the second of several standards developed by the Moving Pictures
Expert Group (MPEG) and is an international standard (ISO/IEC 13818)
Movie or video clip that uses MPEG-4 compression, a standard developed by the Moving
Picture Experts Group (MPEG); commonly used for sharing video files on the Internet. The
MPEG-4 video format uses separate compression for audio and video tracks; video is
compressed with MPEG-4 video encoding; audio is compressed using AAC compression, the
same type of audio compression used in .AAC files. The most popular use of .mp4 files is
sharing video files over the Internet. The compressed small size of .mp4 files allows them to
use less space and download quickly.
Audio Video Interleave File
Video container or wrapper format created by Microsoft; stores video data that may be encoded
in a variety of codecs; typically uses less compression than similar formats such as .MPEG and
.MOV.
Extension
.wav
.wma
.aac
.mp3
.vob
.mpeg-2
.mpeg-4 (.mp4 / .mpg4)
.avi
AVI files can be played by various video players, but the player must support the codec used to
encode the video data.
Flash Video File
Flash-compatible video file exported by the Flash Video Exporter plug-in (included with Adobe
Flash) or other program with FLV file support; consists of a short header, interleaved audio,
video, and metadata packets; audio and video data is stored in a similar format used by
standard Flash (.SWF) files.
The FLV format is an open format that is also supported by non-Adobe/Macromedia programs;
FLV files may be exported from QuickTime Pro or other applications that can export to the
QuickTime file format.
Program
Windows Media Player
iTunes
RealPlayer SP
Quick Time
player
VideoLAN VLC media
DivX
Adobe Flash & Flash Player
Function
Media Players
Playing audio, video and viewing images, running the
Windows operating system.
Used for playing and organizing digital music and video
files. The program is also an interface to manage the
contents on Apple's popular iPod and other digital
media players such as the iPhone and iPad.
RealPlayer for personal use includes audio CD burning
capabilities, DVR-style playback buffering, multimedia
search, Internet radio, a jukebox-style file library, an
embedded web browser (using Microsoft Internet
Explorer), and the ability to transfer media to a number
of portable devices, including Apple's iPod, MP3
players, and Windows Media devices.
Capable of handling various formats of digital video,
media clips, sound, text, animation, music, and
interactive panoramic images.
A highly portable multimedia player and multimedia
framework capable of reading most audio and video
formats it also plays DVDs, Audio CDs VCDs, and
various streaming protocols.Free and open source.
A free download for high-quality digital videos on your
computer
A multimedia platform that is popular for adding
animation and interactivity to web pages. Flash is
commonly used to create animation, advertisements,
and various web page Flash components, to integrate
video into web pages, and more recently, to develop
rich Internet applications. Flash can manipulate vector
and raster graphics, and supports bidirectional
streaming of audio and video. It contains a scripting
language called ActionScript. Several software
products, systems, and devices are able to create or
display Flash content, including Adobe Flash Player,
which is available free for most common web browsers,
some mobile phones and for other electronic devices.
.flv
Extension
Audio (.wav / .wma / .aac /
.aif)
Video (.avi / .wmv)
Audio (.mp3 / .aif / .wav /
.mpeg-4 / .aac)
Video (.mp4 / .mov / .m4v /
.mpg)
Audio (.ra / .ram / .mp3 /
.mp2 / .wav / .cda / )
Video (.swf / .vob / .mpeg 1 &
2 / .wmv / .avi / .flv / .qt /
.mov)
Streaming: (rtsp://), (pna://,
pnm://), (mms://), (*.sdp),
(*.smil, *.smi)
Audio (.aiff / .caf / .midi / .m4p
/ .wav)
Video (.mov / .qt / .avi / .gif /
.mpeg 1,2 & 4 /
Audio (.mp3 / .wma / .aac /
.ac3 / .ogg)
Video (.vob / .flv / .mpeg-2 & 4
/ .divX / mp3 / .ogg / .aac)
Video (.mp4 / .mkv / .divx /
.avi / .mov)
.swf / .flv / .fla / .as
Program
Windows Movie Maker
Windows Live Movie Maker
Adobe Premiere Pro
Final Cut Express
Function
Video Editing Programs
Contains the movie timeline, transitions, and references to
video clips, audio files, and still images used by the movie.
Once the movie is finished, it can be exported in a standard
video format or burned to a DVD. Versions 1.1 to 2.5.
Windows MM is not continued in Windows Vista or
Windows 7. Windows Live Movie Maker is a complete
rewrite of the Windows Movie Maker application, focusing
on the needs of Windows Live Photo Gallery users; as
such, it requires Windows Live Photo Gallery (Wave 3) to
be installed. The program includes a redesigned ribbon
interface. Windows Live Movie Maker allows users to
publish videos to YouTube, as well as make an HD video. It
has received much criticism, however, over its removal of
most of the features of the older versions, particularly the
timeline. The software is less capable than previous
versions of producing videos with any degree of advanced
editing, and may only be appropriate for basic video
creation.
A professional, real-time, timeline based video editing
software application. It is part of the Adobe Creative Suite,
a suite of graphic design, video editing, and web
development
A non-linear video editing application created by Apple Inc.
It is the consumer version of Final Cut Pro and is designed
for advanced editing of digital video as well as highdefinition video, which is used by many amateur and
professional videographers.
A non-linear video editing software application.
Extension
.mswmm
.ppj
.fcp
.stx
Pinnacle Studio
Corel VideoStudio
VideoStudio Pro X3 kicks the movie making process into
high gear, giving you the ultimate playground for creativity.
Your complete HD video-editing program, it gives you a
rapid head start with professionally designed templates,
real-time, studio-quality effects, polished titles and smooth
transitions. Super-charge your workflow with GPU
acceleration and multi-core Intel® CPU support for faster
editing and rendering. Quickly assemble video clips in new
Express Edit mode or go deep with advanced video-editing
tools. Then share your videos on YouTube, Facebook,
Vimeo, DVD, AVCHD and Blu-ray disc, iPod, PSP and
more.
.vsp / .udp
Program
Function
Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) software
Musical Instrument Digital Interface - It is a connectivity standard that musicians use to hook
together musical instruments (such as keyboards and synthesizers) and computer equipment.
Using MIDI, a musician can easily create and edit digital music tracks. The MIDI system records
the notes played, the length of the notes, the dynamics (volume alterations), the tempo, the
instrument being played, and hundreds of other parameters, called control changes.
Because MIDI records each note digitally, editing a track of MIDI music is much easier and
more accurate than editing a track of audio. The musician can change the notes, dynamics,
tempo, and even the instrument being played with the click of button. Also, MIDI files are
basically text documents, so they take up very little disk space. The only catch is that you need
MIDI-compatible hardware or software to record and playback MIDI files. It is not an audio file
format like WAV that stores the full sound of the notes actually being played.
Computer program made by Cakewalk for recording,
editing, mixing, mastering and outputting audio. Can
also comprehensively record and manipulate MIDI data.
Cakewalk SONAR Studio
Professional DAW software program. Acid Pro was the
first-ever automatic audio loop-based music software of
its kind, where someone could simply drag-and-drop an
Sony ACID Pro
Acid loop file (for example a drum or bass loop) onto a
track in Acid, and that loop would automatically adjust
itself to the tempo and key of the song, with virtually no
sonic degradation.
The flagship program of a series of proprietary
scorewriters created by MakeMusic for Microsoft
Windows and Mac OS X. Finale is regarded as one of
the industry standards for notation software. Can import
and export MIDI files.
Is a music scorewriter. WYSIWYG editor, complete with
support for score playback.
MuseScore
Digital audio workstation for professional use. Only for
Mac & Linux. Virtually Free.
Ardour
Free, open source digital audio editor and recording
application available for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and
Audacity
BSD.
Extension
.midi
.cwp
.sfk
.mus
.mscx / Can export to .pdf,
.wav, .flac, .ogg .midi
.bwf / .wav / .aiff / .caf
.aup / Can export to .wav &
.mp3