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POWER SECTOR OF LAO PDR
Workshop on Energy Connectivity and Transboundary
Power Trade.
8-9 November 2015, Suzhou, China
Litthanoulok LASPHO
Director of Energy Policy Division,
Department of Energy and Planning,
Ministry of Energy and Mines.
BASIC FACTS ABOUT LAOS
1.AREA OF 236,800 SQ. KM
• 26 people /square
kilometer;
• Mountainous area with
major Tributaries of the
Mekong River Covering
35% of total Mekong River
basin.
2. POPULATION 2014
• Total: 6.8 Millions
3. GDP in 2014
• GDP/per Capital: 1,720
US$
• Growth Rate GDP: 7.65%
The 1st Power Sector Policy was
formulated in 1990:
1.Earn foreign exchange through electricity export
to finance the country’s economic and social
programs;
2.Increase access to electricity by grid extensions
and off-grid rural electrification;
3.Maintain an affordable tariff to promote
economic and social development;
4.Replace dependence on imported fuels for
energy generation.
Responsibilities and Domestic Power Market
ELECTRICITE DU LAOS
Generation
EdL-Gen.
Off-take
IPP(d)
from IPP(e)
SPPs
Transmission
Distribution
Domestic
Consumers
Vertical integration of EDL
Interconnected with neighboring grid
through HV Transmission lines import
and export
Connected with neighboring grid
through MV Transmission lines for import
GOVERNMENT
AGENCIES
Responsibilities and exporting power market
Generation
IPP (e)
Dedicated Transmission lines
to neighboring grids for export
Transmission
Distribution systems of
neighboring countries
Power potential in Lao PDR
LAOS HAS HYDRO POWER POTENTIAL OF ABOUT 26,000
MW:
 Only 3,294 MW have been developed with 27 plants and
can generate 15,887 GWh of electricity per annum;
 6,185 MW with annual energy output of 32,866 GWh in 44
hydro + 1 thermal (Lignite) power projects under
construction;
 1,642 MW with annual energy output of 7,305 GWh in 24
hydro power projects under final preparation/negotiation
and F/S;
 By the year 2020, Laos will have 11,121 MW and annual
energy output of 56,058 GWh= 43% of the total potential.
RE Policy
• Increase a share of renewable energy to 30% in the total
energy mix by 2025;
Solar
Resource
Xamnua St.
Luang Prabang
Vientiane St.
Thakek St.
Pakxe St.
Wind
Resource
RE projects
WIND:


600 MW (1st phase: 250MW) under
negotiation for development in Sekong Prov.
3 additional projects under field investigation
SOLAR:



Only Home Solar System (SHS) (50-100W)
(25,000 HH)
100 kW demonstration project (Japan grant)
50 MW solar farm under study in Vientiane.
International Power Cooperation
Transmission
line system in
2014
Conclusion

Lao PDR has set as top priority in the
National Energy Policy to develop the vast
hydropower potential available in order to
stimulate the regional power trade and so
optimizing the energy-mix within the ASEAN
Community.

However, this National Top Agenda requires
optimal development of the country’s
hydropower resources in a sustainable way
by sharing the multifaceted benefits
delivered.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION
My contact:
[email protected]
More info:
www.laoenergy.la
www.poweringprogress.org