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+ Chapter 1: Exploring Data Introduction Data Analysis: Making Sense of Data The Practice of Statistics, 4th edition - For AP* STARNES, YATES, MOORE Data Analysis is the process of organizing, displaying, summarizing, and asking questions about data. Definitions: Individuals – objects (people, animals, things) described by a set of data Variable - any characteristic of an individual Categorical Variable – places an individual into one of several groups or categories. Quantitative Variable – takes numerical values for which it makes sense to find an average. + is the science of data. Data Analysis Statistics Definition: Distribution – tells us what values a variable takes and how often it takes those values Data Analysis generally takes on many different values. In data analysis, we are interested in how often a variable takes on each value. + A variable Examine each variable by itself. Then study relationships among the variables. Start with a graph or graphs Add numerical summaries + Data Analysis How to Explore Data Population Sample + Data Analysis From Data Analysis to Inference Collect data from a representative Sample... Make an Inference about the Population. Perform Data Analysis, keeping probability in mind…