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World War II
The Great Depression and
World War II (1929–1945)
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Japanese expansion
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Pearl Harbor
The U.S. oil embargo worried Japan. Without imported oil,
Japan’s industrial and military infrastructure would collapse.
Prime Minister Hideki Tojo
promised Emperor Hirohito
he would attempt to make
peace with the U.S.
Instead, he ordered an attack
on the U.S. military base at
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
The U.S. navy’s Pacific Fleet
was stationed at the base.
Why do you think Tojo attacked the United States?
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America joins the war
On December 7, 1941, 180 Japanese planes bombed Pearl
Harbor for almost two hours.
The attack resulted in over 3,000
American casualties and the
destruction of nearly the entire
Pacific Fleet. Roosevelt called it
“a date which will live in infamy.”
The United States declared war
on Japan the next day. Italy and
Germany then declared war on
the United States.
With conflicts on every continent, the war had become global.
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War in the Pacific, 1942–1945
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© Boardworks 2011