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Transportation Revolution
Invention of the Steamboat
Robert Fulton was the inventor in 1807
The Clermont traveled up the Hudson
Started the canal building process
By 1840 there were more than 3300
miles of canal in the US
Transportation Revolution
Construction of the Erie Canal
Connected the Hudson River with Lake
Erie at Buffalo, New York
Rivers were a faster and more
economical means of transporting
Great social and economic changes for
the Northern States
National Road
The first major east-west highway
Started in 1811 from Cumberland, MD
to Wheeling, VA
The only federal funded project of its
Most were usually built by the States
and private business (toll roads)
The “Iron Horse”
Developed by Peter Cooper, that were
largely based on those built in Britain
 It was called the Tom Thumb
 Pulled the first passengers at an average
of 10 mph
 Many advantages over the steamboat
Could travel anywhere track could be laid
 Much faster than horse and wagon
Industrial Revolution
Manufacturing shifted from that of hand
tools to large machines
Factories replaced home based
Manufactures sold products nationwide
and overseas
IR had originally started in Britain in the
How does this affect the United States?
Technological Advances
These advances increased the industrial
growth in the United States.
Eli Whitney developed the idea of
interchangeable parts in the gun-making
Machines were able to produce large amounts of
identical pieces that workers assembled into
finished goods.
Samuel F.B. Morse perfected the telegraph in
He developed the Morse code for sending
More than 50,000 miles of telegraph wire crossed
the country in 1860.