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Unit 1:
Medieval Music
500 A.D – 1400 A.D
(6th-15th centuries)
Timeline Preview
Guillaume de Machaut
(1300-1377)
The Hundred Years War
(1337-1453)
The Black Death
(1348-1350)
Perotinus the Great
(1160-1236)
King Richard I (The Lionheart)
(1157-1199)
and the Crusades
Hildegard von Bingen
(1098-1179)
Guido of Arezzo
(991-1033)
Hildegard von Bingen
(1098-1179)
Influential Female
 Nun, writer, philosopher,
composer, herbologist…
 “Divine Visions”
 Combined LITURGY
with POETRY and
DRAMA.

Example: Ordo Virtutum
“Play of the Virtues”
King Richard I (The Lionheart)
(1157-1199)
Kind of England (but
preferred Duchy of
Aquitaine, France)
 Christian commander
in the Third Crusade.
 Troubadours wrote
songs of him in war.
 Composed “Ja nus
hons pris” to express
feeling of abandonment

Perotinus the Great
(1160-1236)

French teacher
(“Perotin Magister”)

First to compose
music for four voices.
(Early polyphony)

Used intervals, not chords

Wrote a book on HOW to
compose polyphonic music
(Magnus Liber Organi)
The Black Death
(1348-1350)
The Hundred Years War
(1337-1453)
Originated in fleas
carried by rats from
China (silk road)
 Killed 30-60% of
Europe’s Population
 World’s population
from 450 million to
350 million.
 Swelling lymph nodes
(“boils”) – death in 2
to 7 days.


A term used for a group of
mostly dynastic conflicts:
Edwardian War (1337-1360),
Caroline War (1369-1389),
Lancastrian War (1415-1429), Breton
War of Succession, Castilian Civil
War, War of the Two Peters, 13831385 Crisis.



Sparked French and English
nationalism
Led to revolution in
Warfare and strategy
Peasant involvement, less
importance placed on
expensive calvary.
Guillaume de Machaut
(1300-1377)
French poet and
composer.
 Important part of the
Ars Nova movement
(distinct rhythms,
“courtly love” songs)
 Known for being the
first to write a full
Mass by himself
