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of the
Effective Group
1. Courage
2. Willingness of Model
3. Presence
4. Goodwill and Caring
5. Belief in Group Process
6. Openness
7. Nondefensiveness in Coping with
8. Personal Power
9. Stamina
10. Willingness to Seek New
11. Self-Awareness
12. Sense of Humor
13. Inventiveness
• Efficiency
• Experience of Commonality
• Greater Variety of Resources and
• Sense of Belonging
• Skills Practice
• Vicarious Learning
• Real-Life Approximation
• Commitment
Participants gain an unusual
and cherished opportunity to receive
honest and constructive feedbacka mirroring of their attitudes,
beliefs, values,
biases and behaving.
Importance of Groups
As the effectiveness of our groups go, so
goes our quality of life. Do you believe this?
• A knowledge of group dynamics is central
to effective businesses and industries.
• A knowledge of group dynamics is central
to education.
• A knowledge of group dynamics is central
to maintaining a viable family.
• A knowledge of group dynamics is central
to the long-term maintenance of
psychological health.
• Knowing group dynamics theory and having
small group skills can change your life.
Misconceptions about groups…
Groups are for brainwashing.
Groups are places where people are attacked
and defenses are torn down.
Groups make people more miserable and
unhappy, because their problems surface.
Groups tell people how to be.
Group pressure forces people to lose a sense of
Only people who are emotionally disturbed join
Four Core Beliefs
• People don’t mind being led when they are led
• Counseling should never be boring.
• Counseling should be clear and concrete.
• The counselor is primarily responsible for
the therapy but not ultimately responsible for
the outcome.
Interpersonally oriented leader…emphasizes the here and
now, the interactions among the members, the group as a
whole, the ongoing group dynamics and the obstacles to the
development of effective interpersonal relationships within the
Intrapersonally oriented leader focuses primarily on the
needs and concerns of the individual members.