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Personal Characteristics of the Effective Group Leader 1. Courage 2. Willingness of Model 3. Presence 4. Goodwill and Caring 5. Belief in Group Process 6. Openness 7. Nondefensiveness in Coping with Attacks 8. Personal Power 9. Stamina 10. Willingness to Seek New Experience 11. Self-Awareness 12. Sense of Humor 13. Inventiveness • Efficiency • Experience of Commonality • Greater Variety of Resources and Viewpoints • Sense of Belonging • Skills Practice •Feedback • Vicarious Learning • Real-Life Approximation • Commitment Feedback… Participants gain an unusual and cherished opportunity to receive honest and constructive feedbacka mirroring of their attitudes, beliefs, values, biases and behaving. Importance of Groups As the effectiveness of our groups go, so goes our quality of life. Do you believe this? • A knowledge of group dynamics is central to effective businesses and industries. • A knowledge of group dynamics is central to education. • A knowledge of group dynamics is central to maintaining a viable family. • A knowledge of group dynamics is central to the long-term maintenance of psychological health. • Knowing group dynamics theory and having small group skills can change your life. Misconceptions about groups… Groups are for brainwashing. Groups are places where people are attacked and defenses are torn down. Groups make people more miserable and unhappy, because their problems surface. Groups tell people how to be. Group pressure forces people to lose a sense of identity. Only people who are emotionally disturbed join groups. Four Core Beliefs • People don’t mind being led when they are led well. • Counseling should never be boring. • Counseling should be clear and concrete. • The counselor is primarily responsible for the therapy but not ultimately responsible for the outcome. Interpersonally oriented leader…emphasizes the here and now, the interactions among the members, the group as a whole, the ongoing group dynamics and the obstacles to the development of effective interpersonal relationships within the group. Intrapersonally oriented leader focuses primarily on the needs and concerns of the individual members.