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Bell Work Who was Crispics Attucks? What parts of the Boston Massacre based on Paul Revere’s painting have been proved as myth? How does the media use propaganda to get our society to think a certain way? In your opinion who was at fault the colonists or the British soldiers at the Boston Massacre? Who was the artist of the famous painting on the Boston Massacre? What year did the Boston Massacre occur? How many people died at the Boston Massacre? The Colonial Period Chapter 2 Section 1 Objectives What events of the early American colonial experience led colonists to believe they would have representative government? In what ways were the American colonies democratic? In what ways were they not democratic? English Heritage Limited Government Magna Carta (Great Charter) 1215 – King John forced to sign Basic idea of L.G. Protection against unjust punishment; protected natural rights Taxes could not be levied w/out popular consent Opens the door for future limitations Representative Government English Heritage Petition of Right Abuses of Charles I Dissolved Parliament; quartered troops; martial law Calls Parliament back in session; 1628 – forced to sign POR POR King can’t collect taxes w/out Parliament approval; imprison people w/out cause; quarter troops w/out permission; declare martial law except at war English Heritage English Bill of Rights 1688 – Glorious Revolution James II removed from throne and William III and Mary II proclaimed King and Queen; must rule by laws set by Parliament Peaceful transition of power English Heritage Parliament passes English Bill of Rights Applied to American colonists Limited powers of the monarch Monarchs do not have absolute authority (rule with consent) Parliament must consent to suspended laws, levy taxes or maintain army King can’t interfere with parliamentary elections and debates People can petition the government; right to a fair and speedy trial No cruel and unusual punishment; excessive fines or bail English Heritage Representative Government English Parliament Upper – House of Lords Lower – House of Commons First sons of noble families Elected officials made of commoners and younger nobles Important Philsophers Voltaire; Jean Jacques Rousseau People should protect natural rights English Heritage Important Philosophers Locke Wrote Two Treatises of Government Natural rights (life, liberty and property) must be protected; if gov fails to do so, people should abolish the gov Second Treatise of Government Consent of the governed Colonial Government Colonial governments varied per colony Each had some form of governor, legislature and court system Women and slaves could not vote; each had property qualifications 9/13 had official church Colonial Government Major practices among colonial governments Written constitution guaranteed basic liberties; limited government Mayflower Compact – 1st example of colonial plan for self government Signed by 41 men on Mayflower Choose their leaders; make their own laws General Fundamentals – MA; first system of laws in colonies Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Plan for government People elect governor, judges and representatives who make laws Colonial Government Legislative branch w/ elected representatives Virginia House of Burgesses – 1st legislature in America Puritans: church members should elect church/government leaders Consent of governed: Most qualified men voted Colonial Government Separation of powers between governor and legislature (Montesquieu) Governor – extension of English crown Legislature made laws Courts heard cases Objectives Revisited What events of the early American colonial experience led colonists to believe they would have representative government? In what ways were the American colonies democratic? In what ways were they not democratic?