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By Jason Introduction Egypt is located on the North Eastern coast of Africa. It’s beside the Nile river where they get all their water. If it wasn’t for the Nile river, there would be no such thing as Egypt. Their transport was camels and bare foot. The camels were sometimes only used to carry luggage. The Pyramids The pyramids were built to hold tombs for their royal kings and pharaohs. Cities were bulit around the pyramids while the pyramids were under construction. These were called pyramid cities. It took 50 years to construct the Great pyramid of Giza. Hierarchy 1. Egyptian society had a social hierarchy, with the pharaoh at the very top. 2. The vizier was the second most powerful official.He was the pharaoh’s most trusted advisor. 3. in Egyptian society were related to the pharaoh, priests, scribes, doctors, lawyers, or important military personnel. 4. Only scribes and preists were taught how to read and write. 5. Skilled craftsman. 6. At the bottom of the pyramid was unskilled workers, peasants and slaves. Papyrus The Egyptians created a lot of things. One of them was papyrus. Papyrus was made from the Papyrus plant. It was used for writing hieroglyphics, boats, mattresses, mats, rope, sandals, and baskets. 1. Transportation The Egyptians didn't build roads to travel around their empire. They didn't need to. Nature had already built them a superhighway right through the middle of their empire. That highway was the River Nile . The Sphinx • • • The Sphinx is a huge statue in Giza. It has the body of a lion and the head of a human. There is legends that travellers have been eaten by the Sphinx. Tutankhamun Tutankhamun is the worlds most famous pharaoh. He became pharaoh at the age of 9 and died at the age of 18. His tomb was filled with thousands of treasures. Howard Carter found his tomb after searching for 6 years.