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FrontPage: NNIGN
Reading Guide 8.1 due tomorrow
FrontPage: If you could be reborn, what would you like to come
back as?
4 Thank a Mailman Day
9 Toothache Day
13 Get a Different Name Day
14 National Organ Donor Day
15 Singles Awareness Day
22 International World Thinking Day
23 International Dog Biscuit Appreciation Day
24 National Tortilla Chip Day
28 Public Sleeping Day
28 National Tooth Fairy Day
Homework: No homework
Basic Beliefs and History
An Overview of Hinduism
An Overview of Hinduism
•One of the
most widely
religions in the
–700 million
followers, 1 in
8 are Hindu
An Ancient Path
Basic Hindu Beliefs
• Brahman
– Name Hindus give to the single
supreme force
• Complex, nameless, formless, unlimited
• Other gods Hindus worship are part of this
– Main other gods include:
• Brahma - Creator
• Vishnu – Preserver
• Shiva - Destroyer
Basic Beliefs: Reincarnation
– Rebirth of the soul in
various forms; could be
– Goal is to “get it right”;
moksha – freeing of the
soul from body to unite with
**Hindus believe people are
born again and again until
they achieve moksha
Basic Beliefs: Karma
• Idea that everything you do affects your position
in the next life
• Also, your present situation is a result of your
past lives
Law of karma:
Good actions = Good Karma = better next life
Basic Beliefs: Caste system
– Developed from the four
Aryan social classes
– Person born into caste,
stays for life
**Hindus believe you must
perform your dharma, or
the duties of your caste,
to improve your caste
position in the next life
Sacred Texts
• Vedas: contain eternal
– Originally developed by
the Aryans
• Upanishads: help to
explain the ideas
contained in the Vedas
• Epics – Ramayana,
– Contain various Hindu