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Transcript
Pushing Back the Axis
The Allies defeat Germany and Italy by coordinating
war efforts
Pre-War
 Britain needs help – cash & carry, Lend/Lease
 “destroyers for bases” - 1940.
 Atlantic Charter, 1941 – U.S. and Britain define goals for
the world after WWII
 Will become bases for United Nations Charter
2
U.S. & Britain Join Forces
Casablanca Conference - 1943
War Plans:
a. Germany top priority
When Germany defeated, then
all three can concentrate
on Japan
b. Increase the # of bombs
dropped on Germany –
Strategic Bombing – will
cause severe shortages
and ruin railroad system
3
“Soft Underbelly”
Operation Torch – 1942
North African Campaign
Italian Campaign (1943)
a.
b.
4
Attack Italy from the
south in Sicily*
Mussolini captured and
executed; hung in town square
American munitions cargo ship bombed by
Germans; Italian port
5
B. Landing in France
1. D-Day: June 6, 1944
a. Day Allies invaded France
b. Planned for 2 yrs.
i. Lead by Gen. Eisenhower
ii. Bombed supply routes (roads,
bridges, RR) for 6 wks before
assault
iii. 2,500 killed (matter of hours)
(c. Allowed Gen Patton and his men to
capture Paris via St. Lo)
6
Gen. Eisenhower with D-Day troops;
unconditional surrender!
7
Saving Private Ryan
 Landing in Normandy!!!!!
8
German POW’s in Paris
10
Battle of the Bulge
Last German offensive
11
C. Island Hopping
a.
b.
c.
d.
Going around/pass those islands that
Japan already controlled
Set up strategic locations on other islands
so as to cut off supply to islands
controlled by Japans
Allowed for airfields, docks, and supplies
[Gen. MacArthur returns
i.
ii.
iii.
12
Leyte Gulf, Philippines
Largest naval battle in history
Kamikazes implemented by Japan (15,000) ]
Iwo Jima
 Closer allies get – Fiercer the fighting
13
kamikaze
14
15
August 6, 1945
 Atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and 2 days later
Nagasaki.
16
Gen. Dwight Eisenhower
1. Supreme Commander of
Europe
Operation Torch
b. D-Day
c. V-E Day
a.
17